Feudalism in Medieval Europe

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Feudalism
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A political system based on bonds of loyalty between lords and vassals
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Vassal
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A noble who serves a lord of higher rank. In return for the vassal’s loyalty and service, the lord protects the vassal and gives him land.
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Fief
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The land that a lord gives a vassal. The lord also grants the vassal permission to tax and rule the people on the land.
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Knights
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Medieval European warriors in armor who fought on horseback
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Manors
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The lands of the fief that had been granted
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Serfs
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Peasants that were bound to the manor. They could not leave the manor, own property, or marry without the lord of the manor’s approval
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Freemen
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Peasants who paid their lord for the right to farm the land. They also had rights under the law and could move wherever and whenever they wished
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Guilds
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Business groups that craftspeople organized into

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