The oldest Wakatsuki child. Along with Woody, Bill serves as one of Papa’s crew before the war on his sardine boats. In the camp, he is the leader of a dance band called The Jive Bombers.
Papa’s aging aunt in Hiroshima, Japan. Woody visits Toyo in 1946 and is impressed by the dignity of her graceful manner and the rich meal she prepares for him in spite of her family’s poverty. Woody comes to see this dignity in the face of difficulty as a Wakatsuki family trait.
Jeanne’s closest brother. Kilo punched Papa in the face
The third Wakatsuki child. Woody is the most fatherly of Jeanne’s brothers and takes charge when Papa is detained for a year at Fort Lincoln. Woody demonstrates his loyalty to America by joining the U.S. army.
Jeanne’s white best friend at Cabrillo Homes in Long Beach after the war.
A leader of the Japanese American Citizens League and suspected collaborator with the U.S. government. On December 5, 1942, Tayama is severely beaten, and the arrest of his attackers leads to the December Riot at Manzanar.
1st generation of Japs that were born in Japan
2nd generation of Japs that were born in the US before WW2
Executive Order 9066
President Roosevelt has signed Executive Order 9066, which authorizes the War Department to remove persons considered threats to national security from military areas on the West Coast
an imposter or traitor
Immigration Act 1924
states that no alien ineligible for citizenship shall be admitted to the U.S. This stops all immigration from Japan.
Public Law 414
grants Japanese aliens the right to become naturalized U.S. citizens.
US Congress grants naturalization rights to free whites and people of African descent, omitting mention of Oriental races
It is required that everyone over seventeen swear a Loyalty Oath. The oath consists of two yes-or-no questions: the first concerns whether one is willing to serve in the U.S. military; the second concerns whether one will swear allegiance to the United States and renounce allegiance to Japan.
the first block the wakatsukis lived in when they moved into Manzanar. very small and dirty
Block 28 was the second of barracks that the Wakatsukis lived in while at Manzanar. bigger than the first block
It is where manzanar is located. There used to be many orchards here.
large, plain buildings in which many people are lodged.
December 7, 1941 The Japanese bombed this American island which then caused all the Japanese Americans to be required to go to internment camps inland
the place where the Wakatsukis lived before the internment
where they lived after manzanar