Ethyl isovalerate C7H14O2 structure

C7H14O2 structure
Molecular Formula C7H14O2
Average mass 130.185 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 135.1±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 26.7±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 36.2±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 14.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 25.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 147.9±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid/strong, fruity, vinous, apple-like odour on dilution Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Ethyl 3-methylbutanoate
    • Safety:

      10 Alfa Aesar A10292
      3 Alfa Aesar A10292
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A10292
      H226 Alfa Aesar A10292
      P210-P280-P240-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar A10292
      Warning Alfa Aesar A10292
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      820 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_230242, replib_2867
      838.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 19(3), 2006, 243-247.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      838 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. II. Separation of homologous series of halogenoethyl esters of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 293-296.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d’esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      856 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 26, 1998, 637-645., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 515-528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1075 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (8 min) ^ 4 K/min -; 110 0C ^ 16 K/min -; 200 0C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Garruti, D.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; da Silva, M.A.A.A.P.; Janzantti, N.S.; Alves, G.L., Compostos volateis do sabor de pseudofrutos de cajueiro anao precoce (Anacardium occidentale L.) CCP-76, Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento 4, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria, Fortaleza, Brazil, 2001, 29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1079 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1067 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d’esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      829 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>2C/min =>200C(1min) =>2C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 428-435., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(3min) =>4C/min =>120C =>8C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Diaz-Maroto, M.C.; Castillo, N.; Castro-Vazquez, L.; Gonzalez-Vinas, M.A.; Perez-Coello, M.S., Volatile composition and olfactory profile of pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) plants, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 114-118.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 872-876., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      828 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C =>20C/min =>85C=>1C/min =>145C=>3C/min =>250C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bailly, S.; Jerkovic, V.; Marchand-Brynaert, J.; Collin, S., Aroma Extraction Dilution Analysis of Sauternes Wines. Key Role of Polyfunctional Thiols, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7227-7234.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      838 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dirinck, P.J.; de Pooter, H.L.; Willaert, G.A.; Schamp, N.M., Flavor quality of cultivated strawberries: the role of the sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 316-321., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 858, 1999, 187-199.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Licker, J.L.; Acree, T.E.; Henick-Kling, T., What is “Brett” (Brettanomyces) flavor?, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 714, 1998, 96-115.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      844 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C =>3C/min =>200C(10min) =>10C/min => 290C(10min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 68, 2007, 2584-2598., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      845 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=> 40C/min =>50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min =>230C (10min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buettner, A., Investigation of potent odorants and afterodor development in two chardonnay wines using the Buccal Odor Screening System (BOSS), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2339-2346., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      847 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      849 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min)=>2C/min=>130C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Potent aroma compounds in Parmigiano Reggiano cheese studied using a dynamic headspace (purge-trap) method, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 252-259., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SLB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      851 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C (30min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marti, M.P.; Mestres, M.; Sala, C.; Busto, O.; Guasch, J., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography olfactometry analysis of successively diluted samples. A new approach of the aroma extract dilution analysis applied to the characterization of wine aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7861-7865., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T.; Noble, A.C., Evaluation of heaspace volatiles of Cabernet Sauvignon wines sampled by an on-column method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1664-1668., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Czerny, M.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of raw Arabica coffee. Their changes during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 868-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      852 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C => 40C/min =>60C (1min) =>6C/min => 250C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lizarraga-Guerra, R.; Guth, H.; Lopez, M.G., Identification of the most potent odorants in huitlacoche (Ustilago maydis) and austern pilzen (Pleurotus sp.) by aroma extract dilution analysis and static head-space samples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1329-1332., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      856 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min => 60C =>4C/min =>260C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 85, 2004, 195-197., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 C (5min) => 2C/min =>120C => 10 C/min => 210 C (30min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: MFE-73; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4818-4824., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=>2C/min=>120C=>10C/min=>210C(30min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: MFE-73; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Aznar, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J.F.; Ferreira, V., Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2924-2929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1923-1931., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: MFE-73; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Ortin, N.; Escudero, A.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J., Chemical characterization of the aroma of grenache Rose wines: aroma extract dilution analysis, quantitative determination, and sensory reconstitution studies, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 4048-4054., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: MFE-73; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Escudero, A.; Gogorza, B.; Melus, M.A.; Ortin, N.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Characterization of the aroma of a wine from Maccabeo. Key role played by compounds with low odor activity values, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 3516-3524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 50 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 0.5 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Setkova, L.; Risticevic, S.; Pawliszyn, J., Rapid headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic?time-of-flight mass spectrometric method for qualitative profiling of ice wine volatile fraction II: Classification of Canadian and Czech ice wines using statistical evaluation of the data, J. Chromatogr. A, 1147, 2007, 224-240., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in “Terrincho” ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      854 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(2min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Verhe, R.; Sandra, P., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine using solid phase microextraction – capillary GC/MS, in 25th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 2002, 1-16., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>5C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>220C(2min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhe, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 233-246., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese ‘Yanghe Daqu’ liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      859.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      855.2 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>5C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>220C(2min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhe, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 233-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      855.6 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>5C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>220C(2min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhe, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 233-246., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>3C/min=> 150C=>5C/min =>220C(5min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.A.; Butzke, C.E.; Boulton, R.B., Study of aged cognac using solid-phase microextraction and partial least-squares regression, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7738-7742.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      867 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1167-1174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      853 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guth, H., Identification of character impact odorants of different white wine varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3022-3026., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-54; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guth, H., Identification of character impact odorants of different white wine varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3022-3026., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 400-406., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, C.; Martin, A.; Timon, M.L.; Cordoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the ‘bone taint’ spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 30, 2000, 61-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      864 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 108645; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: BP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4341-4346., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: BP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 79, 1999, 1461-1467.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      855 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 230 0C; CAS no: 108645; Active phase: SE-54; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Reiners, J.; Grosch, W., Odorants of virgin olive oils with different flavor profiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2754-2763., Program type: Ramp; Column cl
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