Ethyl heptanoate C9H18O2 structure

C9H18O2 structure
Molecular Formula C9H18O2
Average mass 158.238 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 188.3±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 66.1±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 45.5±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 27.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 180.6±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1083 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_352621, replib_21755, replib_53529, replib_150937, replib_229111
      1080 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1084 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1089 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1077 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1081 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. II. Separation of homologous series of halogenoethyl esters of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 293-296., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1075 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas’ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1332 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1325 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1328 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1369 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1375 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1367 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas’ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1082 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1081 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Grundschober, F., The identification of individual components in flavourings and flavoured foods, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 192, 1991, 530-534.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1084 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 872-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1062.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1067.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 8 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 57 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1103 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: BP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4341-4346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1104 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min)=>2C/min=>130C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Potent aroma compounds in Parmigiano Reggiano cheese studied using a dynamic headspace (purge-trap) method, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 252-259., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1099 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min) =>5C/min =>100C =>10C/min =>250C (9min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9503-9513., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C =>5C/min =>100C => 15C/min =>250C (19C); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C., Within-Season Volatile and Quality Differences in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe Cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 8679-8687., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1107 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese ‘Yanghe Daqu’ liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: El-Sayed, A.M.; Heppelthwaite, V.J.; Manning, L.M.; Gibb, A.R.; Suckling, D.M., Volatile constituents of fermented sugar baits and their attraction to lepidopteran species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 953-958.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1095 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4.3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tesevic, V.; Nikicevic, N.; Jovanovic, A.; Djokovic, D.; Vujisic, L.; Vuckovic, I.; Bonic, M., Volatile components from old plum brandies, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 43(4), 2005, 367-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1105.1 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>5C/min =>140C =>15C/min =>250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Herve, C.; Richoux, R.; Lortal, S., Varied volatile compounds are produced by Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Emmental cheese, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 439-446.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1099.5 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>3C/min=> 150C=>5C/min =>220C(5min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.A.; Butzke, C.E.; Boulton, R.B., Study of aged cognac using solid-phase microextraction and partial least-squares regression, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7738-7742.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 60(2), 1993, 199-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1315 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1317 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (4 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 50 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 175 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yongsheng, T.; Hua, L.; Hua, W.; Li, Z., Volatile composition of young Cabernet Savignon red wine from Changli Counti (China), J. Food Composition and Analysis, 21, 2008, 689-694., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1327 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of “Fontina Valle d’Aosta”, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1331 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of “Fontina Valle d’Aosta”, a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 33(10), 2007, 143-147.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1325 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 50 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 20, 2007, 31-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1310 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1342 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese ‘Yanghe Daqu’ liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Werkhoff, P.; Guntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1076-1093.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1323.1 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1321 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Co

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