EPSY 3010 Quiz 3

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Social cognitive theory can best be characterized as being concerned with learning
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through observations of others
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Sharon knows that Kathy frequently completes her assignments long after they are due. She has noticed that their teacher willingly accepts Kathy’s late assignments because Kathy always has a creative excuse for turning them in late. Sharon begins to do the same thing— she turns in assignments past the due date and makes up excuses for why she is late. Sharon’s increase in excuse-making is due to:
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Modeling and vicarious reinforcement
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Three of the following ideas are integral parts of social cognitive theory. Which one is NOT?
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People’s behaviors are always the direct results of the specific environments in which they live.
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Learning by observing others is
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an effective way to learning new knowledge and skills
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Which one of the following is an example of vicarious reinforcement?
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Alice notices that her friend Ellen gets extra attention from the teacher when she acts helpless. Alice begins to act helpless as well.
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According to social cognitive theorists, reinforcement affects learning because it:
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Establishes a certain expectation in the learner
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Which one of the following is the best example of a symbolic model?
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A detective on a television show
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Which one of the following best illustrates cognitive modeling?
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A science teacher thinks aloud, \”How can I determine what makes this pendulum swing fast or slowly? Hmm, I’ll change the amount of weight on the bottom, but I need to keep the length the same so I’ll know that any change in speed isn’t due to length.\”
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Three of the following alternatives depict situations in which a teacher is facilitating the retention component of modeling. Which one does not depict such a situation?
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Mr. Byers suggests, \”Let’s play some background music while I show you how to use the dipstick to measure your oil level.\”
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In Bandura’s social cognitive learning theory, the interaction among personal factors, environmental events, and behaviors is called
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reciprocal determinism.
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According to Bandura, expectations are part of which one of the elements that comprise reciprocal determinism model?
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Personal factors
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If we consider the concept of reciprocal determinism, we must conclude that students’ experiences in the classroom are influenced:
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Both by classroom events and by what students themselves do
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Which one of the following options best describes the disinhibition effect that social cognitive theorists describe?
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People may engage in a previously prohibited behavior if they see someone else being reinforced for that behavior.
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Ms. Jackson’s perception of her capabilities to effectively deal with a particular task is her sense of
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self-efficacy
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A student who successfully converts a fraction to a decimal yells out \”I did it.. I can do it\” is believed to gained a high-sense efficacy in this particular math skill through which of the following sources.
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Mastery experience.
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When failure does occur, self-regulated learners are LESS likely to
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get defensive.
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What are the steps involved in self-regulated learning?
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Analyzing the task, setting goals, devising plans, enacting strategies
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In addition to academic learning skills, self-regulated learners have
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good self-control abilities.
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Research on self-efficacy and achievement suggests that school achievement is improved and self-efficacy is increased when students
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advocate controllable activities rather than tasks that are beyond their abilities. develop high expectations even in the face of difficulties. receive rewards or other reinforcements based on the quality of their performances.
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A student who takes a break and asks herself \”what I am doing is not working, maybe I should start over\” is demonstrating self-regulated learning.
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True
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Which one of the following instances of learning can be explained more easily by social cognitive theory than by operant conditioning?
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Playing the role of a German soldier in the school play, Andy says his lines using a German accent similar to one he’s heard in the movies a few times.

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