-Travelled to America on the May Flower
-Established Massachusetts Bay Colony
-Upper middle class and Educated
-Lack of ornamentation
-Clarity and Accessibility
-Didactic Tone; overt message
Emphasized on an individual relationship to God.
Painting is stark, hard to tell the difference between the background and the figure. The faces of those painted may be flat
**They thought decoration was self-glorification, they wanted people plain to be good for God**
Paintings subsequently looked like disproportionate adults and creepy
Children were meant to be seen, not heard
-Natives helped the Pilgrims in the winter when they landed in Cape Cod
If you didn’t tell your conversion story, you wouldn’t be a part of the community.
Paintings subsequently looked like disproportionate adults and creepy. Children were meant to be seen, not heard.
Poetry was not meant for a public audience but most writings were sermons, political discourse, or pamphlets. NOT THEATRICAL PIECES REPRESENTING THE POLITICAL MANEUVERINGS OF EUROPEANS INSIDE COLONIAL OUTPOSTS.
Anything that was scary was related to the Devil. Puritan characters were without rashness/color and were always civilized followers of God.
Plymouth Rock is often thought of as the first English settlement. All men came to shore and left women on the boat upon first arrival.
His desires to read God’s will colors his text and skews his understanding of non-Puritan people- making the non-Puritans heathens and viable for punishment from God.
Biased but still committed to making it historically accurate and detailed: included names, dates relationships, and people.
Talks about the troubles that plagued the community, especially with the natives.
Many explorer’s writings about the natives doesn’t refer to them as savages but Bradford did the whole time. He is immediately hostile about the Indians.
Written ten years after the actual voyage
Written when Winthrop’s group arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who had some similarities, but they weren’t quite in the same groups.
***He writes this because he wants to keep his group together. Winthrop’s group was better funded so Bradford wanted to keep his Pilgrims their separate group.
Started in 1644 and completed in 1655. This is when Puritans lead by Oliver Cromwell transformed the political and religious situation in Old England.
He addresses this and advertises to keep their ideals and continue to bring them over. “There is a need for us, come to the new country to join us”
Defended the Pilgrims as the first settlers.
Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
“Everything is because of God’s providence” and certain adjectives used expressed the bias.
Even though the sailor was mean, when he was sick, the Pilgrims helped him.
All other people besides Pilgrims were sinners
A lot of her writings were mediations where she struggles with her faith and religion
“Why would God destroy everything we’ve worked to create even though I’ve been doing everything Puritans need to”
(Towards the end, she’d realize it was because she needed to focus on the afterlife.)
***Because she was an educated woman she works through the logic of these issues.
Lot’s of passion for her husband and children (odd) and about women and women’s rights in the New World (ANNE).
Questioned religion, established cultural concepts (like a woman’s place in the world).
10 syllables long, each line.
Rhyming couplets (like Shakespeare)
Double-check denotations of her words’ alternative and connotative understanding of a word or phrase may clarify or deepen meaning of her feelings and ideas.
Examine her use of irony and subtle sarcasm and critique.
Uses metaphysical conceits (extended metaphor) EXAMPLE: Sun as her husband.
EXAMPLE: “I’m just this crumb of dust, looks at all of these wonderful things you have created for us, God.
Self Deprecating piece
“From dust you are to dust you shall return”
(Ash Wednesday in Catholic religion).
Author compares his works/poems to God’s gems
(Uses the image of Pen, Gold, Liquid)
EXAMPLE: “I can write all of the things I want, but none of it matters unless I’m glorifying you”
Author touches on the idea of God working through Taylor to create masterpieces that glorify God.
EXAMPLE: “Use me as your instrument”
Religious leaders’ roles are to share the message God gave them. Basically, “you get all of the supplies for the pen ready, and we’ll make sure everything I write is great towards you.”
He says that he is just a crumb of dust, but if God hands him a pen then he will Glorify Him
Taylor has a very deferential tone with this piece. Wants to take the backseat for God and let him go first
Audience: God, The Common People, Himself (he’s trying to ground himself and serve it as a preparation for writing these poems and meditations, also reads before he preaches).
Purpose: Glorify God, center himself, and he wants the common people to follow Taylor’s example of glorification towards God .
References Matthew 22:12 to establish that the wedding garment is a sign of the regenerate Christian.
STORY: Jesus gives a parable of a wedding and no guests could show up. He invites everyone in town to partake in the feast which has people needing to dress up.
Everyone dresses up, but one man. The dad of the wife says “you’re not prepared, you can’t enter the feast”.
MEANING: In order to be received into heaven you should clean your soul; the clothes relating to the preparation of the faith.
Taylor wants himself to be known as this spinning wheel for God (God’s instrument).
God is the weaver, the one working the loom and weaving the cloth. Taylor is asking God to make the cloth heavenly and beautiful (WEDDING GARMENTS FOR THE CLEANSING OF THE SOUL–ONCE YOU HAVE THE GARMENTS YOU CAN ENTER).
LINE: “Clothe him in understanding, will, conscience, memory, words, and actions”
Basically, God should guide him and his personality and THEN his ways will be glorified and glorify God.
(In the specific case of the ones in America: one of the band of Puritans who founded the colony of Plymouth, Mass., in 1620.)