English 1 Final Exam Review

question

irony
answer

contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality
question

situational irony
answer

expectations aroused by a situation are reversed
question

cosmic irony or the irony of fate
answer

misfortune is the result of fate, change, or God
question

dramatic irony
answer

the audience knows more than the characters in the play, so that words and action have additional meaning for the audience
question

socratic irony
answer

pretended ignorance in discussion
question

allusion
answer

reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science, or pop culture
question

epic
answer

long poem in a lofty style about the exploits of heroic figures
question

ode
answer

a long poem on a serious subject that develops its theme with dignified language intended to be sung
question

paradox
answer

contradictory statement that may actually be true
question

prologue
answer

introduction to a play or another literary work
question

unities
answer

three key elements of dramatic structure: time, place, and action
question

alliteration
answer

repetition of the same consonant sounds in words that are close together in a poem, or repetition of consonany sounds that are very similar
question

assonance
answer

repetition of similar vowel sounds that are followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words that are close together in a poem
question

argument/persuasion
answer

special form of persuasion that uses reason to try to convince a reader or listener to think or act in a certain way
question

autobiography
answer

an account of the writer’s own life
question

ballad
answer

song that tells a story
question

biography
answer

an account of a person’s life, written or told by another person
question

blank verse
answer

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
question

iambic pentameter
answer

each line contains five iambs, or metrical feet that consist of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
question

character
answer

person in a story, poem, or play
question

characterization
answer

the process of revealing the personality of a character in a story
question

indirect characterization
answer

based on the evidence the writer gives us, we have to use our own judgement to decide what a character is like
question

direct characterization
answer

we are told exactly what kind of person the character is so we don’t have to decide for ourselves
question

static character
answer

one who does not change much in the course of a story
question

dynamic character
answer

changes as a result of the story’s events
question

flat character
answer

only one or two traits. can be described in a few words. no depth (like a flat piece of cardboard)
question

round character
answer

like a real person. many different character traits, which sometimes contradict one another.
question

motivation
answer

fears or conflicts or needs that drive a character
question

conflict
answer

struggle or clash between opposting characters or between opposing forces
question

external conflict
answer

a character struggles against an outside force (man, nature, himself)
question

internal conflict
answer

a struggle between opposing needs or desires or emotions within a single person
question

connotation
answer

all the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
question

couplet
answer

two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
question

description
answer

type of writing intended to create a mood or emotion or to re-create a person, a place, a thing, an event, or an experience
question

exposition 1
answer

type of writing that explains, gives information, defines, or clarifies an idea.
question

dialect
answer

way of speaking that is characteristic of a particular region or group of people
question

diction
answer

a writer’s or speaker’s choice of words
question

drama
answer

story that is written to be acted for an audience
question

epic
answer

long story told in elavated language, which relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society
question

epithet
answer

adjective or descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place, or thing
question

essay
answer

short piece of nonfiction that examines a single subject from a limited point of view
question

exposition 2
answer

part of a plot that gives information about the characters and their problems or conflicts
question

fable
answer

very brief story in prose or verse tht teaches a moral, or a practical lesson about how to get along in life
question

figure of speech
answer

word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood on a literal level
question

simile
answer

figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles, or than
question

metaphor
answer

figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another thing without the use of words like, as, than, or resembles
question

personification
answer

special kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman thing or quality is talked about as if it were human
question

flashback
answer

scene in a move, play, short story, novel, or narrative poem that interrupts the present action of the plor to \”flash\” back-ward and tell what happened at an earlier time
question

foil
answer

character who is used as a contrast to another character
question

foreshadowing
answer

the use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in the plot
question

free verse
answer

poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
question

imagery
answer

language that appeals to the senses
question

lyric poetry
answer

poetry that does not tell a story but is aimed only at expressing a speaker’s emotion or thoughts
question

meter
answer

a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
question

narration
answer

type of writing or speaking that tells about a series of related events
question

nonfiction
answer

prose writing that deals with real people, thing, events, and places
question

novel
answer

long fictional story that is normally somewhere between one hundrned and five hundred book pages long and uses the elements of storytelling
question

onomatopoeia
answer

use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning
question

parallelism
answer

repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that state a similar idea
question

plot
answer

series of related events that make up a story or drama
question

climax
answer

(plot) exciting or tense moment, usually toward the end of the story, when we realize what the outcome of the conflict will be
question

resolution
answer

(plot) the moment when all the problems are resolved one way or another and the story is closed
question

poetry
answer

type of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery to appeal to the reader’s emotion and imagination
question

point of view
answer

vantage point from which the writer tells the story
question

omniscient point of view
answer

the person telling the story knows everything there is to know about the characters and their problems
question

first-person point of view
answer

one of the characters is actually the narrator telling the story, using the pronoun I
question

third-person limited point of view
answer

the narrator, who plays no part in the story, zooms in on the thoughts and feelings of just one character
question

pun
answer

a play on the multiple meanings of a word, or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings
question

refrain
answer

a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines
question

internal rhyme
answer

rhymes in the middle of a line
question

rhythm
answer

musical quality in language produced by repetition
question

satire
answer

type of writing that ridicules something – a person, a group of people, humanity at large, an attitude or failing, a social institution – in order to reveal a weakness
question

setting
answer

the time and place of a story or play
question

short story
answer

short, concentrated, fictional prose narrative
question

soliloquy
answer

an unusually long speech in which a character who is on stage alone expresses his or her thoughts aloud
question

sonnet
answer

fourteen-line lyric poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter and that has one of several rhyme schemes
question

speaker
answer

the voice that is talking to us in a poem
question

stanza
answer

group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit
question

stereotype
answer

fixed idea or conception of a character that does not allow for any individuality
question

suspense
answer

the uncertainty or anxiety we feel about what is going to happen next in a story
question

symbol
answer

a person, a place, a thing, or an even that stands for itself and for seomthing beyond itself as well
question

theme
answer

the central idea of a work of literature
question

tone
answer

the attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
question

tragedy
answer

play, novel, or other narrative that depicts serious and important events in which the main character comes to an unhappy end
question

noun
answer

names person, place, thing or idea
question

pronoun
answer

takes place of one or more nouns
question

adjective
answer

modifies nound or pronoun by telling what kind, which one, how many, or how much
question

verb
answer

shows action or state of being
question

adverb
answer

modifies verb, addjective, or adverb by telling how, when, where, or to what extent
question

conjunction
answer

joins words or word groups
question

rhyme
answer

repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them, in words that are close together in a poem
question

end rhyme
answer

rhymes at the end of lines
question

preposition
answer

relates noun or pronoun to another word

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member