EMT toxicology

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Toxicology
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The study of toxic and poisonous substances.
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Poison
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Any substance whose chemical action can damage body structuresa or impair function.
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Ingestion
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Swallowing
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Signs and symptoms of opioid overdose.
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1. Hypoventilation or respiratory arrest. 2. Pinpoint pupils. 3. Sedation or coma. 4. Hypotension.
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Signs and symptoms of sympathomimetics overdose.
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1. Hypertension 2. Tachycardia 3. Dilated pupils 4. Agitation or seizures 5. Hyperthermia
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Signs & symptoms of sedative-hypnotic overdose
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1. Slurred speech 2. Sedation or coma 3. Hypoventilation 4. Hypotension
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Examples of sedative-hypnotic substances
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diazepam(Valium), secobarbital (Seconal), flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)
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Signs & symptoms of anticholinergic overdose
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1. Tachycardia 2. Hyperthermia 3. Hypertension 4. Dilated pupils 5. Dry skin and mucus membranes 6. Sedation, agitation, seizures, coma or delirium
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Examples of anticholinergics
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atropine, Jimson weed
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Signs & symptoms of cholinergic overdose
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1. Excess defecation or urination 2. Muscle fasciculations 3. Pinpoint pupils 4. Excess lacrimation or salivation 5. Airway compromise 6. Nausea or vomiting
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Signs & symptoms of delirium tremens
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1. Agitation and restlessnesss 2. Fever 3. Sweating 4. Tremors 5. Confusion and/or disorientation 6. Delusions or hallucinations 7. Seizures

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