What Two Elements Combine To Form Organic Chemistry

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Which element can bond four ways? What are they?
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Hydrogen, H
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Elements having the same outer electron configuration have what in common with one another?
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The same family
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Which two elements exhbit a diagonal relationship?
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Lithium, Magnesium
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What is the most reactive metal?
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Francium
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Bianry ionic compounds are formed from what types of elements?
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Metals (Group IA) with non-metals
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Sodium is used in production of what commodities?
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Glass, paper, detergents
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What is a substance which speeds up a reaction but is not changed itself?
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A catalyst
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What ions are necessary (in the proper ratio) for nerve impulse transmission?
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Na (+1) and K (+1)
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What is the feature in common between graphite and diamond?
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They are all allotropes of carbon
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What is the name of the C (-4) ion?
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Carbide
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What is unique about NH4 (+1) and Tl (+1)?
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They behave like alkali metal ions but they are not
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Why is radiium the most reactive of the alkaline earth elements?
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Reactivity in a family increases as atoms become larger
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What compound is used in steel, cement & fire brick production and for treating soils?
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Calcium oxide, CaO
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What is unique about the chemistry of the metal aluminum?
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It tends to share electrons and act more like a non-metal
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What element is used in tools that will not make sparks and start fires?
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Beryllium
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What two elements are used in a lightweight alloy?
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Aluminum and Magnesium
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Lightweight cans are made of what element?
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Aluminum
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What branch of chemistry deals specifically with the multitude of compounds composed primarily of carbon and hydrogen?
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Organic
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What is unique about helium, neon, and argon?
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They do not form any compounds
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Why is argon used as the gas in lightbulbs?
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Becasue it is not reactive
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Name the elements that flourine does not react with?
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Helium, neon, argon
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What is the toxic element used originally in the production of chlorine?
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Mercury, Hg
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Which elements have “d” electrons in their highest energy levels?
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Transistion metals
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What two elements are useful beacuse they are resistant to corrosion?
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Zinc and Chromium
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What element is added to iron to produce stainless steel?
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Chromium
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What element is used when iron is galvanized?
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Zinc, Zn
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Ch4 and C2H6 are examples of what class of compounds?
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Caarbon and hydrogen
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What element exhibits catenation?
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Carbon
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What element do trasistors and computer chips have in common?
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Silicon
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What element in Group VA has red and white allotropes?
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Phosphorus
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What is the most stable element?
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Nitrogen (due to a triple bond)
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What two elements enter the food chain by natural and commercial fertilizers?
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Nitrogen adn Phosphorus
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What are unstable nitrogen compounds called?
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Explosives
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What element in Group VIA has allotropes and what is its name?
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Oxygen (ozone, O3)
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What is a substance called which acts as an acid and a base?
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Amphoteric
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How is sulfur (IV) oxide, SO2 formed?
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When sulfur burns in sufficient O2
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The sheilding effect
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Caused by and increasing number of electrons between the outer level and teh ucleaus
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What element makes up 75% of the Earth’s atmosphere?
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Nitrogen
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Catenation
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Fromed by chains of carbon
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Allotropes
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Different forms of the same element

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