The objective conditions of the problem
Obesity is the condition whereby weight has reached a point of posing a major risk to health. It is not a lifestyle disorder but is considered a risk factor which causes other diseases. The condition affects all ages of both genders. The body mass weight is used to measure obesity in an adult. Foster et al. (n. p) state that two-thirds of the people in the US are either obese or overweight. The percentage of the infected people keeps increasing as time goes by since a research done in 1980 shows that 6% of adult men were obese, and 8% of the women were overweight. However, these percentages keep increasing as time goes by since another research taken later after 2002 showed that the proportion of men had risen to 43 and 34% of women (National Institute for Clinical Evidence p.2). The factors that contribute to obese are economic factors, ethnic issues and the age of the people. Obesity is a disorder which affects people depending on their age with the elderly being the most affected. It increases as the years advance. Further research shows that the disorder is prevalence among the low-income people with more numbers from the women. C...
hildren are also victims of the disease with girls having the higher numbers than boys.
Every culture has its eating habits and various beliefs about certain foods. Some other ethnic groups eat what they do because of the social, economic factors like affordability. The ethnic minority groups like the South Asian and the Africans in the UK eat fast foods for lack of knowledge on how to prepare Western healthy foods. They do not have time to prepare food due to the demanding low-income jobs that they do. The research by National Institute for Clinical Evidence found that the black African women in the UK have the highest prevalence based on waist circumference as a measure while women from Bangladesh will have the highest ratios when the circumference of waist to hip is taken. The same groups may be at greater risk to become obese due to stigma and isolation from the Whites. However, the Chinese men and women have the lowest obesity prevalence.
Effects of obesity
The disease affects all ages from adults to children. Obesity occurs as a result of consumption of more calories of food than the body needs in a day. In adults, the disease is associated with the increased rates of risking diseases that cause morbidity and mortality. Other diseases that result from obesity are diabetes, hypertension, and cancer among others. In children, obesity causes the same morbidities plus asthma and psychosocial dysfunction. The greatest concern of the disorder is when it becomes persistent with the age of the child. Another effect is that obesity causes a significant economic burden to treat. Medical care facilities use various methods to treat obesity and may be costly to afford. Again, there is a special diet tha
the victim will have to eat to attain the desired results, and that needs money to buy. Apart from medication and diet, the doctor may encourage the patient to work out or do exercise which may end up requiring money. Other effects of the disease in, the patient may be stressed by the condition. It may lead to weight stigma where the patient does not interact with the other people for fear of being ridiculed and may result in social isolation. The primary concern is to reduce the prevalence of obesity because it is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention p.13).
The subjective concerns of the problem
Different people view obesity differently from varying perspectives, but it is within the human nature to be biased against anyone who is against the cultural belief that people are meant to have a slim figure. For that reason since people believe on what culture perceives as right, the stigma comes naturally. The society has it in mind that obesity is more of a lifestyle disorder than a disease, and it could be avoided or prevented by eating what is right and leading a healthy life. Therefore, the society tends to have a prejudice against the obese people. Foster et al. (n. p) argue that doctors have an adverse attitude towards this disorder and are reluctant to treat it. The primary cause is their beliefs on the genesis of the disease and in many cases, they lay the blame to the victims or parents if the involved individual is a child. They give instructions that the solution of the disorder is to lose weight. It is unfortunate that physicians hold a negative attitude towards this disease like the society and the patients end up suffering. That reaction by practitioners is a great discouragement to the victims. They claim that obesity has no effective treatment other than exercising and eating healthy.
Potential corrective to the problem
To arrive at an effective way of controlling obesity, one should find the primary cause. The doctors’ view of obesity as a behavioral problem is discouraging and heartbreaking to those seeking medical attention. Research done in the UK found that the leading cause of obesity is physical inactivity. Other reasons were associated with psychological problems. Therefore, for children who are suffering from obesity, it is wise for the parents to change their diet and start a different lifestyle. The two lifestyles of these two families differ and due to the pressures of life, children from low-income families are more vulnerable to obesity. Fitness classes should be included in the school curriculum to prevent children from becoming obese. Apart from having the fitness classes, it is advisable to include a period of discussing health matters to enlighten them on the consequences of every lifestyle and the foods that they consume.
Children spend time at home if they are not in school and parents should take it as their responsibility to encourage and provide a healthy living to them. The children from ethnic minority groups like the black African, Indians, Bangladesh, and Chinese among others are
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