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Educational Psychology- Anita Woolfolk Chapter 9

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Metacognition
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Knowledge about our own thinking process
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KWL
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What you know, what you want to know, what have you learned
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Learning Strategies
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Knowing how to approach learning tasks highlighting taking notes
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Problem Solving
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Creating new solutions for problems
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Algorithm
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Step by step procedure for solving the problem.
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Heuristic
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General strategy used in attempting to solve problems -Means-ends analysis (making subgoals) -working backward strategy -analogical thinking (look at similar problems)
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Response Set
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The tendency to respond in the most familiar way-unoriginal
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Functional Fixedness
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The inability to use objects or tools in a new way
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Belief perseverance
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The tendency to hold on to beliefs even in the face of contradictory evidence
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Confirmation Bias
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Seeking information that confirms our choices and beliefs, while dis-confirming evidence
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Divergent thinking
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Coming up with many possible solutions
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Convergent thinking
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Narrowing possibilities down to a single answer
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Restructuring
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The ability to see a problem in a new way. Leads to insight or a sudden realization of the solution
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Transfer
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Whenever something previously learned influences current learning