Diethyl succinate C8H14O4 structure

Flashcard maker : Sean Hill

C8H14O4 structure
Molecular Formula C8H14O4
Average mass 174.194 Da
Density 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 218.4±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 90.6±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 42.7±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 16.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 32.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 167.6±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -21 °C Alfa Aesar
      -20 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 14228
      -21 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 26591, 6852
      -21 °C Alfa Aesar A15777
      -20 °C Biosynth Q-100106
      -20 °C LabNetwork LN00192991
      -21 °C FooDB FDB012012
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      216-218 °C Alfa Aesar
      216-218 °C Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Diethyl butanedioate
      216-218 °C Alfa Aesar A15777
      218 °C Biosynth Q-100106
      218 °C (Literature) LabNetwork LN00192991
      15 °C / 105 mmHg (70.6895 °C / 760 mmHg)
      FooDB FDB012012
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      90 °C Alfa Aesar
      90 °C Alfa Aesar
      91 °C Biosynth Q-100106
      90 °F (32.2222 °C)
      Alfa Aesar A15777
      195 °C LabNetwork LN00192991
    • Experimental Gravity:

      20 g/mL Merck Millipore 1947, 4803
      20 g/l Merck Millipore 1947, 4803, 845009, 800680
      1.047 g/mL Biosynth Q-100106
      1.043 g/mL Alfa Aesar A15777
      91 g/mL Biosynth Q-100106
    • Experimental Refraction Index:

      1.42 Alfa Aesar A15777
      1.418-1.423 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Diethyl butanedioate
      20 FooDB FDB012012
    • Experimental Solubility:

      -0.96 Egon Willighagen http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ci050282s
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless mobile liquid with faint pleasant odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Diethyl butanedioate
    • Safety:

      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar A15777
      GHS07 Biosynth Q-100106
      H315; H319; H335 Biosynth Q-100106
      P261; P280; P302+P352; P304+P340; P305+P351+P338; P312 Biosynth Q-100106
      Warning Biosynth Q-100106
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1151 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_26776, replib_150411, replib_228441, replib_250148
      1185 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1193 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1149 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zulaica, J.; Guiochon, G., Separation et identification de di-esters aliphatiques et aromatiques et de trimesters phosphoriques par chromatographie en phase gazeuse, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 6, 1963, 1242-1252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1694 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wong, K.C.; Teng, Y.E., Volatile Components of Mimusops elengi L. Flowers, J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 1994, 453-458.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1679 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1680 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1145 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1147 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1148 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1149 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1146 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>2C/min =>200C(1min) =>2C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 428-435., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1153 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Bosch-Fuste, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Development of volatile compounds of cava (Spanish sparkling wine) during long ageing time in contact with lees, Food Chem., 95, 2006, 237-242., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1138 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1191 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (3 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, G.; Lu, W.; Yao, X.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, K.; Pan, S., effect of fermentation on free and bound volatile compounds of orange juice, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 219-229., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 50 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 0.5 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Setkova, L.; Risticevic, S.; Pawliszyn, J., Rapid headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic?time-of-flight mass spectrometric method for qualitative profiling of ice wine volatile fraction II: Classification of Canadian and Czech ice wines using statistical evaluation of the data, J. Chromatogr. A, 1147, 2007, 224-240., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: El-Sayed, A.M.; Heppelthwaite, V.J.; Manning, L.M.; Gibb, A.R.; Suckling, D.M., Volatile constituents of fermented sugar baits and their attraction to lepidopteran species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 953-958.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1182 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(2min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Verhe, R.; Sandra, P., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine using solid phase microextraction – capillary GC/MS, in 25th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 2002, 1-16., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>5C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>220C(2min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhe, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 233-246., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Guichard, H.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Picoche, B.; Barillier, D., Chemical and sensorial aroma characterization of freshly distilled calvados. 2. Identification of volatile compounds and key odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 433-442.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1183 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1176 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1188 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese ‘Yanghe Daqu’ liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1166 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1179 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1167 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Margaria, C.A.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Aroma active components in aqueous kiwi fruit essence and kiwi fruit puree by GC-MS and multidimensional GC/GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5386-5390.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1181 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jung, A.; Wichmann, K.-H.; Kolb, M., VOC emission of polymeric packaging materials, LaborPraxis, 23(9), 1999, 20-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1172 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Georgilopoulos, D.N.; Gallois, A.N., Flavour compounds of a commercial concentrated blackberry juice, Food Chem., 28, 1988, 141-148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1198 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 35 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fagan, G.L.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Additional volatile components of Palomino film sherry, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 33(1), 1982, 47-50.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1697 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1672 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1677 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese ‘Yanghe Daqu’ liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1701 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (4 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 50 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 175 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yongsheng, T.; Hua, L.; Hua, W.; Li, Z., Volatile composition of young Cabernet Savignon red wine from Changli Counti (China), J. Food Composition and Analysis, 21, 2008, 689-694., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min) =>4C/min =>160C =>7C/min =>230C (8min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli County (China), Eur. Food Res. Technol., , 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1678 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>2C/min =>200C(1min) =>2C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 428-435.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1668 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(20min)=>1.5C/min=>200C(4min)=>10C/min=>250C(120min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rogerson, F.S.S.; Castro, H.; Fortunato, N.; Azevedo, Z.; Macedo, A.; de Freitas, V.A.P., Chemicals with sweet aroma descriptors found in Portuguese wines from the Douro region: 2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-2-ene-1,4-dione and diacetyl, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 263-269., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Selli, S., Volatile constituents of orange obtained from moro oranges (Citrus Sinensis L. Osbeck), J. Food Quality, 30, 2007, 330-341., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1675 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 33(10), 2007, 143-147., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C., Studies on the aroma of pinuela fruit pulp (Bromelia plumieri): Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 21(10), 1998, 577-581.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1716 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(2min) =>4C/min =>130C =>8C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weldegergis B.T.; Tredoux A.G.J.; Crouch A.M., Application of a headspace sorptive extraction method for the analysis of volatile components in South African wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 8696-8702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1655 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min)=> 2C/min => 220C=> 3C/min => 245C(20min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Selli, s.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A., Flavour components of orange wine made from a Turkish cv. Kozan, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 38, 2003, 587-593., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese “Wuliangye” and “Jiannanchun” Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1706 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax Etr; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Perestrelo, R.; Fernandes, A.; Albuquerque, F.F.; Marques, J.C.; Camara, J.S., Analytical characterization of the aroma of Tinta Negra Mole red wine: Identification of the main odorants compounds, Anal. Chim. Acta., 563, 2006, 154-164.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1662 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Bosch-Fuste, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Development of volatile compounds of cava (Spanish sparkling wine) during long ageing time in contact with lees, Food Chem., 95, 2006, 237-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1674 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(10min) =>4C/min => 220C(10min) =>1C/min=>240C; CAS no: 123251; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Selli, S.; Kurkcuoglu, M.; Kafkas, E.; Cabaroglu, T.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Canbas, A., Volatile flavour components of mandarin wine obtained from clementines (Citrus reticula Blanco) extracted by solid-phase microextraction, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 413-416.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1677.4 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1654.5 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1.2min) =>16C/min =>150C => 66C/min => 240C (2.5min); CAS no: 123251; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Qualitative comparison of whisky samples using fast GC/TOFMS, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1678.2 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) cl

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