Dec 2011 Mr. Eby Midterm

Flashcard maker : Ben Russell
Define, explain and give an example of the political system of THEOCRACYrelgious rules rule the government EX: Iran, the Vatican
Define, explain and give an example of the political system of DEMOCRACYGovernment elected by the people. Free market economy. EX: USA, Germany, France
Define, explain and give an example of the political system of CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHYform of Democracy.
Define, explain and give an example of the political system of ANARCHYno government controls. No current examples
Define, explain and give an example of the political system of TOTALITARIANDictator is ruler and makes the law. EX: Castro of Cuba. Kim Jong-Il of North Korea, Omar Al-Bashir of Sudan. Iraq when it was under Saddam Hussein
Define, explain and give an example of the political system of TRADITIONAL MONARCHYRuled by Monarch (king or queen) Command or Market Economy Monarch makes the laws, generally with help from Military. EX: Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Monaco
Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism. Definitionssee slide page on study stack
What are China's economic reformsGreat leap forward, Capitalism in a communist government
Which of China's political reforms was most successfulcultural revolution
Which economic reform of China was most successfulcapitalism
What was the Great Leap ForwardAttempt to advance industrialization in China.
What was outcome of Great Leap Forwardcomplete failure. resulted in 10's of millions of deaths
Who promoted the Great Leap ForwardMao Zedong
Samurais live their life by what set of written rulesBushido
What is a tropical storm in W. Pacific known astyphoon
What event in 1900 did Chinese militants kill Europeans and Chinese ChristiansBoxer rebellion
What National Party, founded in 1912 in China, attempted to start a republic but fell to communismKuomintang
Who is founder of KuomintangSun Yat-sen
What is a country called with rapid economic growth because of cheap labor, high tech, and aggressive exportseconomic tiger
Japan's bullet train is called ___________Shinkansen
China was carved into __________ controlled by Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Japan from about 1800 until the Boxer Rebellion in 1900Spheres of Influence
UNICEFUnited Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (protested child labor in sweatshops in China)
Describe and explain the basic principles of Confucianismrespect/obedience/filial piety to repay ancestors' kindness. Govern by hierarchy. Founded in China. Founded by Confucius
Why did Japan have impreialistic views between the 1800's and WWIIresources
What kind of economy does Japan have today?free market
What was China's Cultural Revolutionstarted by Mao in 1966. Wanted to abandon any part of Capitalism that was creeping into China. Wanted strict socialism. Many abuses and torture of people. HUGE FAILURE. abandoned.
What wsa juche philosophy?Korean word translated as "self-reliance." North Korea's political thesis of Kim Il .1950s to the 1970s.The government uses to justify its policy.Among these are independence from great powers,strong military, reliance on Korean national resources.
What is karmadeed or act Good dharma, good karma
What is dharmaDharma in this latter sense is 'the path of righteousness', the way of 'correct', 'appropriate', 'decent', or 'proper' behaviour.
List each caste in the caste systemBrahman -priests Kshatryia – warriors Viasys – merchants, landowners Sudra – peasants, servants Untouchables or Pariahs – outlawed
5 pillars of IslamMohammad is the only god prayer fasting charity pilgramage to Mecca (Hajj)
List the 4 Nobel TruthsBuddhism: 1.There is suffering. 2. There is a cause to suffering. 3. There is an end to suffering. 4, path out of suffering is 8-fold path
What is a command economic system?governmentdecides how to run the economic activity of a country. It determines what goods a nation produces, and how to allocate resources. A great example would be Soviet Russia, and China before the reforms of the 1980s. Cuba is another example.
What is a free market economic system?the market decides what goods and services to make and what prices to charge for them
What is a socialist economic system?The government owns and controls the companies, factories, services. Example: Venezuala, Hugo Chavez, took over the oil companies and made them government owned. Goes with Communist.
What are the 'four levels of economic activity' called?Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Quaternary
What is Primary Level of Economic activity. Give examplesdirectly use resources and raw materials. Examples: Agriculture, forrestry, minging
What is the Secondary Level of Economic activity? Give examples.Takes goods made in primary industry and turns them into goods useful to consumers. Example: manufacturing, dairies, bakeries
What is the Tertiary Level of Economic activity? Give examples.provides services. Example retail stores, restaurants, bsnks, insurance, public transportation, utilities, teachers, doctors
What is quaternary level of Economic activity? Give examples.specialized skills to the primary, secondary and primary industries. Example: information research, attorneys, professors, consultants, Information Technology departments
5 themes of Geography (MRHELP)…what is Movement? Give examplesMovement answers the question: How are people and places connected? Example: How are ideas moved from place to place? How is information moved? People are moved by trucks, planes, trains.
5 themes of Geography…what is Region? Give examplesRegion is AN AREA ON EARTH SURFACE DEFINED BY UNIFYING CHARACTERISTICS. Physical or cultural. Formal regions: government, city of UP. Functional Region shares a service – UP and HP share HPISD. Perceptual region-people's perceptions. Park Cities snobs.
5 themes of Geography…what is human-environment interaction? Give examplesGeographers look at all effects of people interacting with their surroundings. Can be positive or negative. Negative: Coal mining polluting environment. Positive: clean up Chernobyl radioactivity.
5 themes of Geography…what is Location? Give examplesabsolute location, relative location. Absolute 35 degrees N 32 degrees W. Relative: 2 blocks West of High School
5 themes of Geography…what is Place? Give examplesWhat type of Place is it? What is it like there? What language,customs, how many people? Physical characteristics like landforms, climate, wildlife, soil.
Define Push and Pull factorsPush from a place – hurricane. Pull to a place – better jobs
Explain diffusionthe spread of ideas, inventions or patters oif behavior in different societies. Example: The 'Arab Spring' in 2011 is a cultural idea that spread across 7 countries.
Exlain and give examples of acculturationthe process of adopting the cultural traits or social patterns. Example: Dad's nurse in the hospital was from the Phillipines. But she became an American citizen and totally took on the American culture ;except she kept Asian emphesis on education.
Explain and give examples of immigrationimmigrate- Miss Maria immigrated to the US from Mexico when she was young.
Explain and give examples of emmigrateMiss Maria emmigrated FROM Mexico TO the US
Explain longitude and latitude lines.Longitude run long. From Arctic circle to Antarcticia for example. Latitude run across. Equator is an example of 0 degrees latitude.
What does longitude measure fromMeasures from 0 degrees longitude = prime meridian.
What does latitude measure frommeasures from 0 degrees latitude = equator
Describe the orographic/rain shadow effect and how it can affect climateA rain shadow is a dry area on the lee side of a mountainous area. … The condition exists because warm moist air rises through "orographic lifting" to the top of a mountain range or large effect Leeward=dry side of mtn. Windward= moist,rain shadow
describe and be able to interpret climographsbarcharts. Example Jan, Feb, …Dec rainfall in inches
Be able to read and interpret population pyramidsExample: Negative growth pyramid.old population. Slow growth pyramid. Stage 3 of DTM. about equal old and young Rapid Growth pyramid. Small old population, big young population.
Be able to read and interpret the demographic transition modelRapid Growth Pyramid = Stage 2 of DTM Slow Growth pyramid = Stage 3 of DTM Negative Growth Pyramid = Stage 4 of DTM
Demographic Transition Stage oneHigh stationary = high birthrate + high deathrate = stable population. EXAMPLE: Afghanistan. Why? Poor medical facilieties, need for many children to work in rural areas. Main economic activity: Primary
Demographic Transition Stage twoEarly expanding = high BR + low DR = growing population (rapid growth) Type of country: Traditional. EXAMPLE: Oman Why: better medical. Socioeconomic is rising PCI, GNP, beginning urban migration. Main economic activity: primary and secondary industry.
Demographic Transition Stage threeLate Expanding = decreasing BR + low DR = growing population (slow growth) Type of country = mature transitional. EXAMPLE: Mexico. Socioeconomic conditions: high urban migration. higher life expectancy, industry. Main economic: prim,second, tertiary.
Demographic Transition Stage fourlow stationary = low BR + low DR = stable population (low or negative growth)Why: disease control, rapid declie in DR. Socioecononmic: high urban pop. Main economic activity: secondary, tertiary or quaternary
terrace farmingTerraces are used in farming to cultivate sloped land. Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Example: farming rice in Asia
subsistence farmingIn very densely populated countries like India and China, farmers use their small land holding to produce enough food just for their own family, not as food to sell
tributaryA tributary is a stream or river that flows into a main stem river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Example: the Rhine river has several tributaries
alluvial plainAn alluvial plain is a relatively flat landform created by the deposition of sediment over a long period of time by one or more rivers coming from highland regions, An example is Jakarta in Indonesia
leewardOn or toward the side to which the wind is blowing
windwardWindward is the direction upwind from the point of reference. Leeward is the direction downwind from the point of reference.
oppressiveburdensome, unjustly harsh, or tyrannical: an oppressive king. Example: Nicholas II
taigaTaiga (pronounced /?ta???/, Russian: òàéãà?; from Turkic[1] or Mongolian), is a biome characterized by coniferous forests. Taiga is the world's largest terrestrial biome. In North America it covers most of inland Canada and Alaska
peninsulaland surrounded on 3 sides by water. Example: Florida
xenophobiaXenophobia is defined as "an unreasonable fear of foreigners or strangers. Example: Russia has become xenophobic during the recession because of fear of losing jobs to foreigners
polytheismbelief in multiple gods, for example ancient Greece belief in multiple Gods and Godesses.
monotheismbelief in one god. Example: Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism
urbanizationUrbanization refers to a process in which an increasing proportion of an entire population lives in cities and the suburbs of cities. Example: China's urbanization in 20th century
ethnocentrismcharacterized by or based on the attitude that one's own group is superior … Example: North Korea and juche
infrastructureInfrastructure is basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise. For example: City of UP has infrastructure of streets, water, sewer, police and schools
colonialism/imperialismpractice of dominion of one country by another. Example: United Kingdom colonized India, United States, etc.
propagandaPropaganda is a form of communication that is aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position. Example: communist propaganda
regimeA form of government, or the government in power (as in a socialist regime); A period of rule;
Who were the original inhabitants of New Zeland?Maori
Who were the original inhabitants of Australia?Aborigines
Explain the significance of the term "terra nullius"Terra nullius means 'nobody's land'. It was used in Australia for the British to say it could clain the land because the natives did not have a common law system. The concept was overturned in 1997 in the MABO case saying Aboriginies had land rights.
Explain the 'stolen generation.'The Stolen Generations were the children of Australian Aboriginal who were removed from their families by the Australian government The removals occurred in the period between approximately 1869 and 1969,
What was the original purpose to colonize Australiapenal colony
Who owns Antarctica?many countries have claimed it, no one owns it
What did the Antarctic treaty invoke?The Antarctic Treaty is an agreement between countries to keep Antarctica as a a place just to do scientific research. They agree that there shall be no type of drilling or any military activity on the continent
What was the reason for our involvement in the Vietnam war?contain the spread of communicsm
Who was the leader of the Communicst forces in the Vietnam war?The US sent in advisors in 1950 and started shooting in 1959
Who was the leader of the N. Vietnam army in the Vietnam war?Ho Chi Minh
Who is Poi Pot? What was he the leader of? How many died under his rule?Pol Pot became leader of Cambodia on April 17, 1975. He imposed agrarian socialism, forcing urban dwellers to relocate to the countryside to work in collective farms. Resulted in the deaths of approximately 2,000,000 to 5,000,000 people died
Describe the leadership of Lenin and Stalin. What kind of political party would they fall into?Lenin was the father of communism for Russia. He was a socialist. Stalin also a communist, was a cruel dictator who killed about 40 million Russians between wars, protests and death warrents and death camps.
Who was responsible for the start of communism in the USSR, the first leader of the Soviet Union? What year? What book was the idealogy based on? When did communism fall?Lenin started communism in the USSR. He started it in 1917 after the Russian Revolution. Stalan expanded it and added eastern block countris to expand the USSR. Idealogy based on Karl Marx Communist Manifefsto. The USSR fell in 1991 back to Russia alone.
What kind of economic system was used in the Soviet Union?communism/socialism. Now Putin has put in modernization to add some free market economy and privitazation of industry.
What kind of political party and economy does Russia have now?liberalized market economy although concentrated wealth in the friends of the communist leaders. It is a 'one party' system politically. Accused of lack of transparency and favors to the few in power.
Why is Russia's population in such a decline?The primary causes of Russia's population decrease and loss of about 700,000 to 800,000 citizens each year are a high death rate, low birth rate, high rate of abortions, and a low level of immigration.
Describe what happened in Chernobylin 1986 nuclear reactor meltdown. Much radiation spread across northern hemisphere. Not populated now. US and W Europe effort to clean up Chernobyl still-dangerous radiation. Mapping the plant with Robot today.
Describe the cold war. Who was it between? What years? What was the reason behind it?Cold war was 1945 (after WWII) to 1986 (fall of USSR). Between US and USSR and its respective allies (NATO and Warsaw pact countries). Reason behind it was only 2 superpowers after WWII. Different philosophy. Feared nuclear war. Each containment and power
Explain why the Aral sea is shrinking at an alarming rate.Aral se shrinking to irrigate fields in Uzbekistan to grow cotton. This was a USSR plan to get money for 'white gold' = cotton.
Describe the Green Revolutionuse of agricultural modern technologies (modified seeds to improve yields) to improve crop harvest in India. Has worked. Started 1966 and increasing yields.
How has overpopulation lead to problems in South Asia?famine and health problems
What did Ghandi stand forpeaceful resistance. Bring independence to India through peaceful means to free from British rule. Non-violent resistance. Would not buy salt from british, 'walk to the sea' for salt. Would not buy cotton from British, weave own cloth 2 hours per day.

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