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Day 5, post test

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1.According to your book, the most central element in all aspects of preparing your speech is *
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your supporting material considering your audience becoming confident in the process selecting your topic Other:
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2.Sara is giving a speech to her sociology class. Her central idea is “Why are consumers drawn to the violence in video games?” What is the problem with this central idea? *
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The central idea should reflect a single topic. The central idea should be a complete declarative sentence. The central idea should use specific language. The central idea should be audience centered.
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3. As a result of my presentation, my audience will recycle their newspapers and aluminum products.” This is an example of a _____. *
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specific purpose statement central idea general purpose statement thesis statement
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4. Adrian used primarily Web sources for his informative speech about gun control. However, his over-reliance on the Web site sponsored by the National Rifle Association, a non-profit organization that advocates for gun rights, caused his speech to be slanted in one direction, rather than presenting multiple sides of the issue. Which of the following statements best explains this situation? *
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Adrian forgot your book’s advice about considering the accountability of a Web site before relying too heavily on it in a speech. Adrian forgot your book’s advice about determining the objectivity of a Web site before relying too heavily on it in a speech. Adrian should have found more accurate and current information, so that he didn’t rely on the NRA Web site alone. Adrian should have mixed Web sources and traditional library resources, to prevent bias from emerging in his speech
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5. Nicole was planning a speech advocating the position that all students be required to take two years of a foreign language prior to graduation. She was fairly certain that most of the people in her class were against her position. She felt that the strongest argument she had for this audience was the value of this skill when seeking employment. She decided to present that argument as her first main point. What principle is Nicole using? *
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Recency Complexity Primacy Specificity
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6. Stephen was planning a speech on the environmental impact of the eruption of Mt. St. Helens. He planned to organize his speech by starting at the area immediately around the cone, move to a discussion of the areas directly east of the mountain, then move counterclockwise to the north and west of the mountain. What type of organizational pattern was he using? *
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Chronological Spatial Topical Cause-and-Effect
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7. Albert spoke about how the temperature of the globe was increasing and offered possible ways to correct global warming. What organizational pattern did Albert use? *
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Cause-effect Problem-solution Chronological Topical
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8. For her speech about toxic waste dumping, Claire sets up an interview with a campus professor who has conducted extensive research on the subject. During the interview, she has difficulty following the professor’s information; he uses technical terms that he assumes Claire understands. Which of the following statements best identifies the problem here? *
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Claire is not being audience-centered. Claire made a mistake in the sequencing of her interview questions. Claire made a mistake by not doing some research on the topic before her interview. Claire was not at fault; the professor probably intentionally tried to confuse her.
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9. While giving her presentation Beth said “In a 1996 issue of the Journal of Higher Education, Professor Taylor from the Howard School of Communications spoke dramatically on the problem of media ethics.” This is an example of *
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a statement of a main idea in a speech. a subpoint in support of a main idea in a speech. a restatement of a main idea in a speech. a verbal citation of supporting material.
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10. Kareem was asked to make a presentation to his fraternity on the history of their national organization. His three main points covered the founders, the original charter, and the origin of some of the traditions. The general purpose of this speech was most likely _____.
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to inform to persuade to demonstrate to entertain
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11. “At the end of my speech, the audience will acknowledge that volcanoes contribute more to global warming than motor vehicles” is an example of a speech that targets a(n) _____. *
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value attitude belief behavior
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12. When students arrived for the speech by Joe Clark, they had already seen posters around campus with his picture and the mention of a movie about him, Lean on Me, which many had even seen. In his speech of introduction, the student body president complimented Clark’s achievements and commented upon his awards and recognition. The publicity and the introduction enhanced Mr. Clark’s _____ credibility. *
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initial derived terminal vicarious
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13. In a speech about improved public safety, Stewie called for his audience to sign a petition to support current legislation that he felt would improve the situation. What type of audience is best suited for this kind of appeal? *
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The uninformed audience The neutral or apathetic audience The receptive audience The unreceptive or hostile audience
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14. You have found some interesting material on a Website, but aren’t sure about the reliability of the information. So, you try to find out something about the organization sponsoring the Website. What is the term for this means of evaluating Web information? *
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Considering the accuracy of Web source information determining the accountability of the sponsoring organization Considering the objectivity of a sponsoring organization determining the usability of Web source information
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15. A student goes to an interview and judges the interviewer to be a neutral audience. What would be an appropriate strategy for the student to use to connect with the interviewer? *
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Organize responses according to objections Organize responses around emotional appeals Organize responses to present his or her strongest qualities last Organize responses to appeal to the general interest that the interviewer may have
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16. Cass cited a self-proclaimed expert as a source for a statistic she used in her speech about UFOs. Does this meet the text’s guidelines for using statistics effectively in a speech? *
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No, She violated the guidelines about a speaker making statistics understandable and memorable. Yes, as long as she gave a complete citation for the publication, including date and author name. No, She violated the guideline which states that you must use reliable sources for statistics. No, she should have only used books because they are the most current sources.
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17. Cecelia is a nurse who works in the pediatric floor of her local hospital. She cares for children who are ill on a daily basis. One day during lunch with a friend outside of work, the friend mentions that she will not recommend that her child get the flu vaccination this year. Cecelia gets very upset and yells at her friend, telling her that she is making a mistake. Cecelia assumes that her friend does not care for the health of her child. This causes tension and conflict between the two friends. What is one way that Cecelia should have reacted to her friend’s decision in order to demonstrate critical thinking about the decision?
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Tell her friend everything that she can about the flu vaccination for the remainder of the meal Get up and walk away from the conversation until she is ready to talk calmly Ask her friend to clarify the motivation behind the decision Encourage her friend to delay making the decision until the most recent research about the flu vaccination has been published.
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18. Kashif owns a small coffee shop on a busy city block. One morning he notices that the glass in the front window of his shop is cracked. He looks across the street and sees children playing with a baseball on the playground. He assumes that one of the children broke his window but did not bother to leave a note. He does not ask the children but instead decides to purchase a protective cage for his window. What theory is influencing Kashif’s critical thinking about the broken window?
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Syllogism Parataxic distortion Sound reasoning Cause-and-effect
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19. Jeni has been out of school for 25 years. She decides to return to college to pursue her Bachelor’s of Science in Human Resource Management. She needs assistance with a course project. In the past, she had several unfavorable experiences when seeking out help from instructors. Therefore, Jeni assumes that college instructors are difficult to work with based on these previous experiences. What theory is impacting Jeni’s critical thinking about her instructor?
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Selective exposure Syllogism Cause-and-effect Parataxic distortion
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20. Clinton thinks that all courses in General Education are easy. He is enrolled in Elements of Effective Communication, a General Education course, in this term. He thinks that Elements of Effective Communication will be easy and does not study. What theory is impacting Clinton’s critical thinking about the course?
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Selective exposure Syllogism Cause-and-effect Parataxic distortion
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21. Eduardo is a student who works two part-time jobs while taking 12 credits per semester at the local community college. After a mid-term exam for his Anatomy and Physiology course, he rushes out of the classroom in order to make the bus to one of his part-time jobs. He sees one of his classmates in the hallway crying. He assumes that the classmate was unprepared for the exam and is upset as a result. He doesn’t stop to comfort her since he thinks it was her responsibility to prepare and crying is an overreaction. What barrier to critical thinking for Eduardo is being illustrated in this scenario?
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Being smart Human nature Time Fact vs. opinion
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22. One of the first steps in critical thinking is receiving and processing the message. Identify the following stage of receiving and processing a message to the appropriate scenario. You and your Course Mentor discuss how each stage of relational development either illustrates healthy relationship growth or decline in relational development. You determine whether each stage is positive or negative in the context of a new interpersonal relationship.
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Conceptualization Analysis Evaluation Synthesis
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23. One of the first steps in critical thinking is receiving and processing the message. Identify the following stage of receiving and processing a message to the appropriate scenario. Your Course Mentor explains how each one of the stages of relational development creates a complete picture of how relationships actually start, grow, and fade between two people. You understand that each stage builds upon the next and that the model needs to be understood as a whole.
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Conceptualization Analysis Evaluation Synthesis
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24. Stephen overslept for his job interview. He rushed to throw on a a shirt, but it was not ironed. He threw a suit on over the shirt hoping to cover the wrinkles on the shirt. Then he grabbed the first tie he saw that came close to matching his suit. While waiting in the reception area for the interview he noticed that the tie he chose had a stain in the middle of it. He knew it was better to wear a tie than not wear a tie, so he decided to keep it on and hope that the interviewers didn’t notice the stain. In what way did Stephen fail to appropriately adapt his messages to others?
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Consider you audience member’s interests, expectations, and knowledge to ensure your message is centered on them. Adapt verbal delivery of his messages to the interviewer. Adapt the amount of eye contact based on the expectations of the interviewer. Adapt your appearance to meet your interviewer’s expectations
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25. A student convinces the audience that he is an experienced emergency medical technician by providing evidence of his training as a field EMT in the army. What type of credibility is he establishing with his audience?
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Initial credibility Derived credibility Terminal credibility
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26. To make sense out of a source’s message is Hint: Elements of the communication models
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encoding message decoding feedback
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27. Verbal and nonverbal audience responses that a speaker detects are best known as Hint: Elements of the communication models
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encoded messages noise feedback context
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28.Jenny is speaking to Madina about her ideas for a speech. While Jenny is speaking, Madina simultaneously shakes her head and has a puzzled look on her face. Jenny notices this response and stops and explains her ideas in another way. This example is most closely related to which model of communication?
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Communication as transaction Communication as interaction Communication as interchange Communication as action
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29. Rashidah’s mother says to her “Be home by 10:00”. Which model of communication best applies to this example?
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Communication as transaction Communication as interaction Communication as interchange Communication as action
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30. The terms “feedback” and “context” are introduced in which of the communication models?
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Communication as transaction Communication as interaction Communication as interchange Communication as action.