Consciousness & Stress; AP Psychology

question

Consciousness is
answer

Our awareness of ourselves and our enviornment
question

Hypnosis involves a state of
answer

Heightened openness to suggestion
question

People are particularly responsive to hypnosis if they______________
answer

Strongly expect that they can be hypnotized
question

Researchers have demonstrated that hypnosis can be useful in
answer

Treating obesity
question

While Bev was hypnotized, her therapist suggested that during the next several days she would have a strong desire to eat well-balanced meals. The therapist was apparently making use of
answer

Posthypnotic suggestion
question

Advocates of the social influence theory of hypnosis are likely to argue that
answer

Hypnotized people are simply enacting the role of good hypnotic subjects
question

Ernest Hilgard suggested that participants felt little pain when their arms were lowered into ice baths because
answer

Hypnosis dissociates the pain sensation form the emotional suffering that people
question

Dissociation refers to
answer

A state of divided consciousness
question

Circadian rhythm refers to
answer

A pattern of biological functioning that occurs on roughly 24-hour cycle
question

Alpha waves are associated with
answer

Relaxed but awake state
question

Sensory experiences that occur without a sensory stimulus are called
answer

Hallucinations
question

The rhythmic bursts of brain activity that occur during NREM-2 sleep are called
answer

Sleep spindles
question

Which of the following is most accurate about a typical night’s sleep?
answer

As sleep progresses, NREM-3 sleep dimities while REM sleep increases
question

The large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep are called
answer

Delta waves
question

Fast and jerky movements of the eyes are especially likely to be associated with
answer

REM sleep
question

40 yr old Lance insists that he never dreams. Research suggest that he probably
answer

Would report a vivid dream if he were awakened during REM sleep
question

The circadian rhythm is influenced by light-sensitive retinal proteins that trigger signals to the
answer

Suprachiasmatic nucleus
question

Sleep deprivation has been shown to
answer

Diminish immunity to disease
question

Traffic accident rates have been found to _________ after the spring change to daylight savings time and to __________ after the fall change back to standard time
answer

Increase; decrease
question

Deep sleep appears to play an important role in
answer

Physical growth
question

Slow-waves sleep promotes
answer

Effective memory
question

Layla has difficulty going to sleep and staying asleep. Layla is most likely suffering from
answer

Insomnia
question

Which of the following sleep disorders would be the most incapacitating for a commercial bus driver?
answer

Narcolepsy
question

Obesity is a risk factor for developing which of the following sleep disorders
answer

Sleep apnea
question

About three hours after he falls asleep, Bobby often sits up in bed screaming incoherently. His mother tries to awaken him, but with no success. His pulse races and he gasps for breath. The next morning, remembers nothing. It appears that Bobby suffers from
answer

Night Terrors
question

Freud called the remembered story line of a dream its ______ content
answer

Manifest
question

After suffering a trauma, people commonly report an increase in
answer

Threatening dreams
question

One theory suggests that the brain activity associated with ______ is helpful for developing and preserving neural pathways in the brain
answer

Dreaming
question

Chemical substances that alter perceptions and moods are called _____ drugs
answer

Psychoactive
question

The need to take larger and larger doses of a drug in order to experience its effects is an indication of
answer

Tolerance
question

Drug tolerance refers to the
answer

Reduced effect of a drug resulting from its regular usage
question

The discomfort and distress that follow the discontinued use of certain drugs is called
answer

Withdrawal
question

Although Max never experiences caffeine withdrawal symptoms, he feels that he needs coffee every morning as part of his daily routine, Max best illustrates
answer

Psychological dependence
question

Research on the use of addictive drugs indicates that
answer

Many people are able to stop using addictive drugs without professional help
question

Research indicates that alcohol
answer

Disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memories
question

Participants in a sexual stimulation study who mistakenly thought they had consumed alcohol were more likely to report having strong sexual fantasies and feeling guilt-free than those who thought they had not consumed alcohol. This study best illustrated the impact of
answer

User expectations
question

Why is it dangerous to combine alcohol with a sleeping pill?
answer

Alcohol and sleeping pills are depressants; their combined action reduces nervous system activity and can lead to death
question

Morphine and heroin are
answer

Opiates
question

Which of the following drugs is classified as a stimulant?
answer

Nicotine
question

One of the immediate effects of Ecstasy is
answer

Dehydration
question

Near-death experiences are
answer

Often accompanied by visions of bright lights
question

As you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the ______ nervous
answer

Sympathetic
question

In the 1920 Walter Cannon discovered that stress produced an outpouring of _____ into the bloodstream,
answer

Epinephrine and norepinephrine
question

The fight or flight response is to___ as the general adaptation syndrome is to _____
answer

Walter Cannon, Hans Selye
question

The three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are
answer

Alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion
question

Cameron, a 50 yr old electrician opens his pay envelope and to his surprise fins a pink slip inside indicating that he has been fired from his job. Which phase of GNS is he most likely experiencing?
answer

Alarm reaction
question

Resistance to stress is greatest during ______ of the GNS
answer

Phase 5
question

Margo never enjoys spring break because at the end of every finals week she catches a bad cold, Margo is most likely in which stage of the GNS
answer

Exhaustion
question

The white blood cells that fight bacterial infectious and attack cancer cells and viruses are called
answer

Telomeres
question

The macrophage and lymphocytes are major agents of the
answer

Limbic system
question

Although stress does not create cancer cells, it may affect their growth by suppressing the activity of
answer

T Lymphocytes
question

The greatest number of deaths in North America today results from
answer

Heart disease
question

Who is the best Example of a Type A personality?
answer

Mara, an irritable, impatient teacher
question

Who is the best Example of a Type B personality?
answer

Wang Lung, a relaxed, easygoing dentist
question

In their classic 9 year study, Friedman and Rosenman found that Type A men are especially susceptible to
answer

Heart attacks
question

Studying initially healthy men over a 10 year period, researchers found that pessimistic adult men were more than twice as likely as optimistic men to experience
answer

Coronary heart disease

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member