Coms 151 finals

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gathering more information is beneficial when researching your speech
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true
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As a speaker it is ok for you to embellish the story an interviewee told you in order to make it more exciting to the audience
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false
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A summary of the text in an article or publication is a/an
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abstract
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which of the following is an extremely unethical form of presenting someone else’s work as your own, created from several different sources?
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patchwork plagiarism
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A probe question allows the interviewer to follow up on a previous answer to obtatin a more comprehensive response
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true
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when conducting an interview you should remember that closed-ended questions are the best questions to ask because they allow the interviewee to elaborate on the topic
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false
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When we take in more information that we can process, and know there is more to learn, we are experiencing
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information overload
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the denotative meaning of a word is the dictionary definition of a word
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true
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you can always trust statistics becausze they are unbiased data
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false
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A speaker uses the following information in a speech: \”every day i walk home from work.\”
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real example
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former president ronald reagan was well known for incorporating these stories into his speeches to expertly make a poin in a personal way
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narratives
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in a speech about bne marrow donation jamal says, \”i will never forget september 14
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personal testimony
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a speaker uses the following information ina speech \” suppose you skipped
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hypothetical example
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when you use hypothetical examples, you want to make sure that they are grounded in fact
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true
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if we banned video games, test scores across the state would improve dramatically… example of fallacy
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false cause
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derived credibility the speaker has before giving a presentation
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false
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what fallacy is exemplified by the following statement: if you are not for us then you must be against us
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either-or
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persuasive speakers want to appeal to these internal mental states consisting of feelins
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emotions
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when you say to someone, \”what do you know, you’re not part of xyz.. you are using the red herring fallacy
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false
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in a slippery slope argument , the speaker claims that taking one step will lead to an inevitable conclusion
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true
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what fallacy attacks an individual personally rather than their arguments
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ad hominem
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you are going to listen to a speaker becuase not only is she an expert in her
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derived credibility
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the interrelated knowledge, beliefs, and/or values held by a group of ind
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mythos
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the bandwagon fallacy is commonly used in advertising, where a common claim might everyone is joining our gym,
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true
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successful persuassion incorporates language that shows the speaker understand feelings and motivations of others
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true
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a two sided message is used there are only two perspectives on an issue and you want to present both sides equally
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false
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which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech seeking passive agreement
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to persuade my audience to believe aerobic exercise is fun and significantly enhances a person’s quality of life
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this five step organizational strategy works especially well for channeling audience motives into action
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monroe’s motivated sequence
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these thesis statement reflects which persuasive pattern of organization? \” the problems with wildlife overpopulation\”
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problem-cause-solution
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the following specific purpose statement reflects whihc type of persusasive question\” to persuade my audience to believe a massive meteo
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question of fact
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the strategy of addressing opposing arguments actually helps enhance speaker credibility
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using counter-arguments
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you should never use fear appeals because they can immobilize your audience
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false
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this question addresses the morality, the good or bad of a persuasive issue
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question of value
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a persuasive speech attempts to change or reinforce an audience’s thoughts, feelings or actions
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true
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three conditions needed for an invitational speaking environment are
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equality, value, and self-determination
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in an invitational speech to explore an issue the speaker attempts to engage an audience in a discussion about an idea, concern, topic, or plan of action
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true
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time for dialogue with the audience is an integral part of an invitational speech
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true
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the condition of an invitational speech that requires the speaker see audience members as holding equally valid perspectives and positions that are worthy of exploration
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equally
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armond realizes that his speech topic can be polarizing, so he is inviting his audience to understand the issue of prayer in public school from his perspective.
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articulating a position
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yoshi wants to give an invitational speech where he considers various approaches to dealing with the issue of public transportation in his community. while doing his research, he has determined that there are at least four sides to the issue he wants present.
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invitation to explore an issue
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which of the following phrases would be most appropriate in an invitational speech
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i came to this view because
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jessica wants to discuss the issues around establishing wind energy as a new green technology across difference regions in the united states. which organizational pattern should she choose to discuss this topic
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spatial
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an invitational speech is characterized by articulating a position to get the audience to change their perspectives on certain issues
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false
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in an invitational speaking environment the highest priority is to achieve understanding, respect and appreciation for the multiplicity of perspectives voiced
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true
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the condition of self-determination is characterized by letting the audience known what is best for them
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false
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When a speaker gives an informative speech about their College’s progress in the 60’s 70’s 80’s and 90’s, they are using ____ pattern of organization.
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chronological
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\”The civil exchange of ideas and opinions among communities about topics that affect the public\” is
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public dialoque
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During his speech Loren said that he thought immigrants to the United States should stop speaking their native language and exclusively speak English. He explained that he believes English, as spoken in the United States, is the most important language anyone worldwide can know. What is this statement an example of?
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ethnocentrism
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Vernon’s introduction to his speech on long distance hiking included a brief account of his experience while hiking the Appalachian Trail. What expectation of an introduction is he meeting?
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stating whats to come
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An introduction should be somewhat spontaneous so that you can capture the audience’s attention.
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false
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Chronemics is a form of nonverbal communication that considers issues of time.
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true
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Beliefs are more conceptual than attitudes.
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true
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You only have to answer introductory questions in the conclusion if they are real, not hypothetical.
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false
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The mean by which the message is conveyed in the public speaking process is known as
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channel
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Use this visual aid choice when it is necessary to show the physical layout of features like roads, rivers and towns
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maps
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Which organizational pattern is illustrated in the following thesis statement: \”The three different types of snow skiing include telemarking, downhill and cross country.\”
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topical
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The visual relationship between items on your visual aid is called.
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balance
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Which of the following is a guideline of effective use of a photograph.
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describe the photograph
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According to research, visual information assists with information recall.
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true
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If Charmaine is speaking to Chris about terminating their relationship, which type of communication would that interaction fall under?
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interpersonal communication
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Add this to your visual aids to generate a mood, help differentiate items and emphasize a hierarchy.
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color
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If your goal is to explore, discuss, dialogue, or understand, then you are speaking to
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invite
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Informative speaking is something that is rarely necessary in the public dialogue.
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false
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Distribute a handout during a meeting for maximum effectiveness.
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false
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If your speech topic is phobias and your subtopics are social and specific phobias, then your organizational pattern is
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topical
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When a classroom speaker (who is also an Emergency Medical Technician) talks about her experience \”bagging\” someone then moving to \”BLS\” without explaining those words, she is using jargon.
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true
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The environment in which a speech occurs is called
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context
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If you are giving a speech about how to avoid being lonely and make friends on campus by joining clubs, the best pattern for you to use would be
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problem-solutions
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When a speaker taking about learning how to change a tire says, \”I was helped by a Mexican mechanic\” they are using culturally inclusive language by spotlighting.
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true
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When a speaker gives a speech about what is good, worthy or important they are relying mainly on
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values
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Your speaking outline should
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contain key words and phrases
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you should use the same rate of speaking with every audience
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false
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When you are required to speak you can usually follow whatever guidelines work for you.
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false
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You should always equally balance the time spent speaking on each of your main points.
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true
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In class and the workplace, an individual will spend more time listening than speaking.
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true
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You do this in order to gain the trust of your audience.
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establish credibility with audience
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Filler words are alternatives to connectives.
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false
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Selecting a speech topic can be creative and energizing part of putting a speech together.
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true
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Cool colors like red or orange are best for text or graphics because they are easier on the eyes.
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false
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Anything that hinders or stops a listener from attending to and receiving a message
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interference
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The differences between \”did you go\” and \”didjago\” relies
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articulation
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The goal of an informative speech is to be invitational.
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false
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In order to remind your audience what the core idea of your speech is, you must include what in your conclusion?
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a restatement of your thesis
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The action and manner of speaking to an audience.
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delivery
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When a speech’s broad goal is to inform, to invite, to persuade, to introduce, to commemorate, or to accept.
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general purpose
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Arnold is informing his classmates about to participate in one of the three main traditions that happen at Homecoming each year. Because they are all first year students they can only play certain roles, but he want to make sure they understand which ones they can enjoy. What guideline for effective informative speaking is he following?
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tailor your information to your audience
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Rehilio is going to begin his speech by showing his classmates how to write his name in Japanese. This is an example of a(n)
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demonstration
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The following statement is an example of what: \”In this speech, I will discuss some of the programs offered by Neighbor-to-Neighbor, which include mortgage counseling, rental assistance, and transitional housing.\”
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thesis statement
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Only informative and persuasive speeches require a specific purpose. Commemorative or introductory speeches only require a general purpose.
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false
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The active process of attending to and understanding a spoken message is
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listening
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Your conclusion should be carefully prepared before you give the speech.
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true
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A speaking style that is more formal than everyday conversation but remains spontaneous, relaxed and in contact with the audience.
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conversational style
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A type of visual aid that can be seen or touched.
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object
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Public speaking requires a speaker to \”listen\” to his or her audience by tuning in to feedback.
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true

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