College and Career Prep seem 1 unit 1

Flashcard maker : Charles Clay
First public secondary school is established in Boston, Massachusetts. The rigorous curriculum is intended only for privilege few who go on to attend college.
Benjamin Franklin revolutionizes secondary education. He establishes a school emphasizing practical skills. The curriculum moves from classical – where art, philosophy, literature, history, and languages are the focus – to practical, where the focus is on natural science and math.
Until the late 1800s secondary school is still just intended for college preparation and is only available to the wealthy
A \”high school movement\” begins. Construction of schools increases rapidly; the entrance exam is dropped, making it easier to enroll; and focus shifts from preparing students for college to preparing students for life.
High school dropout
-Frequent job changes
-Low paying jobs
-No healthy insurance
-Living paycheck to paycheck
High school grad
-Retirement savings
-Higher salary
-Ability to support family
Benefits of graduating from high school
-37% less likely to be unemployed
-Earn about $158 more each week in certain jobs
-Employees prefer to hire a person with at least a high school education
-Colleges and universities won’t accept a student without a high school diploma
-Demonstrates determination and a willingness to take advantage of opportunities
On-the-job training
Training at a place of work while employe is doing actual job. Professional trainer or experienced employee serves as instructor.
Technical or vocational education
Preparation of trainees for jobs that are related to a specific trade or occupation. Students of these schools can often earn certificates or licenses in fewer than 2 years.
College graduate
Individual who completes all college requirements and earns a college diploma
Looks at personal skills and qualities, as well as interests and talents
Personal skill
Ability to do something
Personal quality
Characteristic or trait
Career assessment
Tool that helps match personal skills, qualities, interests, talents, or academic strength to career
Extracurricular activity
Activity that’s not part of school’s curriculum and usually takes place after school hours
Time spent helping others
Job shadow
Time spent with a professional in his or her work environment to learn more about career
Federal tax
Tax paid to federal gov. that is used for federal programs like defense and education
State tax
Tax paid to state for funding schools as well as a variety of school programs administered at the state level.
Standardized test for college admittance in the US. It consists of 4 required tests- English, math, reading, and science- and an optional writing test
Admission application
Application students complete to attend a specific postsecondary institution
Class rank
Measure of how student’s performance compares to other students in his or her class
Cumulative grade point average
Average GPA including all semesters up to most recent semester
Dual enrollment
Enrollment in an institution of higher learning while still in high school. Credits may be used towards high school and/or college degree
Calculated average of letter grades earned in school.
High school transcript
Official report supplied by a high school of the academic record of an individual student
Open college
Postsecondary school that doesn’t have a set of admission requirements such as a minimum GPA or test scores.
Percentile rank
Class rank shown in the form of percentile
Official at a high school or college who maintains students’ personal and academic records, issues reports, and mails out transcripts.
Standardized test developed by the college board for college admittance in the US. Consists of three sections: math, critical reading, and writing
Selective college
Postsecondary school that has a set of requirements for a student to be admitted. These may include high school graduation, meeting test score and GPA requirements, participation in community service programs, and completion of specific classes
Unweighted GPA
Grade point average that doesn’t factor in additional grade points for more challenging courses
Weighted credit
Credit provided for advanced or honors courses.
Weighted GPA
GPA that includes the additional grade points given to a student for completing advanced, honors, dual enrollment, AP, or IB courses
Advanced or honors courses
Course that is taught in a more rigorous fashion than typical high school courses. Student’s learning may be assessed in a more comprehensive manner
AP course
Advanced high school course that covers college level material. Colleges may award AP credit for the course depending on the score the student receives on the corresponding exam
Club adviser
Teacher or staff member who oversees a club or organization to ensure it is following school rules of conduct and staying close to the school’s objective
Community service
Activity or service done by volunteers free of charge, for the benefit of a person, group, or the public
IB course
Rigorous, disciplinary group of courses that are accepted by universities worldwide
Rigorous coursework

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