CO 502 – Chapter 9

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1. Behavior therapy is associated with all but one of the following: (p. 262)
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a philosophical view of human behavior.
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2. Behavior therapy assumes that: (p. 237)
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behavior is learned.
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3. Behavior therapy is characterized by: (p.234)
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all of the above a focus on overt specific behavior. a formulation of precise treatment goals. the design of an appropriate treatment plan. the objective assessment of the results of therapy.
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4. Behavior therapy is based on:
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applying the experimental method to the therapeutic process.
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5. The A-B-C model of functional analysis of behavior: (p.239)
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both (a) and (c) is a tool used to identify the conditions that maintain a behavior pattern. identifies behavioral cues.
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6. The main goal of behavior therapy is: (p. 237)
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eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning.
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7. Which is not true of the relationship between therapist and client in behavior therapy?
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The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals.
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8. What is the function of the behavior therapist? (p. 240)
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e. all of the above – to provide modeling for the client, to provide a collaborative therapeutic environment, to assess specific behavior problems, to provide reinforcement for clients
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9. Which of the following interventions is not associated with the third wave of behavior therapy? (p. 254-255)
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b. relaxation training
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10. Which of the following is not true regarding behavior therapy? (p. 240)
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b. The client is merely passive while the therapist uses techniques.
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1l. Social skills training: (p. 249)
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e. all but (d) – is a psychoeducational approach to interpersonal growth. involves modeling and reinforcement techniques. uses role playing exercises to simulate social situations.
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12. Which anxiety reduction technique involves creating a hierarchy of the client’s fearful experiences? (p. 245)
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c. systematic desensitization
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13. Behavior therapy techniques: (p. 242)
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d. all of the abovemust be suited to the client’s problems. typically have empirical support. incorporate mindfulness, acceptance and spirituality into treatment.
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14. Behavior therapy is suited for: (p.234)
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e. all of the above – individual therapy. group therapy. institutions and clinics. classroom learning situations.
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15. What is (are) the contribution(s) of behavior therapy? (p. 263)
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e. both (c) and (d) – It makes explicit the role of the therapist as a reinforcer. It blends behavior modification techniques with meditation and acceptance.
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16. Which statement is untrue? (p.265-266)
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e. Contemporary behavior therapy is increasingly concerned with behavioral control.
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17. Which of the following is not a basic characteristic of behavior therapy? (p.237-238)
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d. The therapist is manipulative and controlling.
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18. Who has done most of the work in the area of modeling? (p.233)
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e. Albert Bandura
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19. B. F. Skinner is associated with which of the following trends in the behavioral approach?
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b. operant conditioning
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20. Which of the following is not true about how behavior therapists function in the therapeutic setting? (p. 239)
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e. All of the above are true – They use techniques such as summarizing, reflection, clarification, and open-ended questioning. They focus on specific aspects of problems. They systematically assess for information about all aspects of the problem. They serve as a model for the client.
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21. Which of the following is not a characteristic of an effective self-management program?
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External reinforcement is essential in maintaining behavioral changes.
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22. What is not a part of the steps in a self-directed change program? (p. 251)
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exploration of one’s family constellation
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23. Which of the following is not one of the seven major areas of personality functioning described by the acronym “BASIC ID”? (p. 252)
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aspirations
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24. Which of the following is true about “technical eclecticism” in multimodal therapy? (p. 252)
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It is encouraged.
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25. In terms of ethical accountability, behavior therapy: (p.264)
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provides a basis for responsible practice.
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26. Which of the following behavior therapists is credited with developing the social cognitive learning model, doing much work on observational learning and modeling, and writing about self-efficacy? (p. 233)
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Bandura
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27. Which of the following distinguishes the cognitive trend in behavior therapy from the trends of classical and operant conditioning? (p. 236)
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the integration of thoughts and feelings in the process of behavior change
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28. Multimodal therapy is a therapeutic approach that is grounded on: (p. 252)
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social learning theory.
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29. According to Bandura, which of the following are characteristic of effective models (whether they be live, symbolic, or multiple)?
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all of the above – similar to the observer with regard to age, sex, race, and attitudes, possessing a degree of prestige and status, exhibiting warmth
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30. Which of the following clinical strategies is not necessarily employed during assertion training? (p. 249)
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relaxation
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31. Which of the following would not be considered a feature of a good self-contract? (p. 251)
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It is a verbal agreement between client and therapist.
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32. A limitation of behavior therapy is: (p. 264-265)
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none of the above
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33. During the second wave of behavior therapy, therapists: (p. 235)
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all of the above – continued to emphasize empirically supported treatments. increased their focus on the role of emotion in behavior change. adopted a stronger biological perspective.
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34. Behavior therapy emerged as a major force in psychotherapy and experienced a significan tgrowth spurt during the: (p. 235)
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c. 1970s.
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35. Wolpe’s systematic desensitization is based on the principles of: (p.236)
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a. classical conditioning.
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36. The situation in which behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them is:
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b. operant conditioning.
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37. Skinner’s view of shaping behavior is based on the principle of: (p. 233; 242)
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b. operant conditioning.
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38. involves the removal of unpleasant stimuli from a situation once a certain behavior has occurred. (p. 243)
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a. Negative reinforcement
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39. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: (p.234)
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c. stands alone as a unique approach to psychotherapy.
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40. is a key pioneer of clinical behavior therapy because of his broadening of its conceptual bases and development of multimodal therapy. (p.252)
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d. Arnold Lazarus.
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41. All of the following are characteristics of the behavioral approaches except: (p. 237-238)
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Behavior therapy employs the same procedures to every client with a particular dysfunctional behavior.
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42. In conducting a behavioral assessment, the client’s functioning is taken into account in which area(s)? (p. 253)
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all of the above – emotional dimensions, cognitive dimensions, behavioral dimensions, interpersonal dimensions
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43. The goal of acceptance in ACT is: (p. 256)
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both b & d – encouraging clients to engage in nonjudgmental observation of cognitions and feelings. creating psychological flexibility.
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44. Behavior therapists tend to:
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All of the above – be active and directive. function as consultants. function as problem solvers.
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45. All of the following are steps in the use of systematic desensitization except for: (p. 245)
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hypnosis.
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46. Techniques used in mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy include all but: (p. 256)
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flooding.
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47. In working with diverse clients, strengths of the behavioral approach include: (p.259)
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all of the above – specificity. action orientation.careful consideration of environmental conditions in the client’s life.
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48. Self-management strategies include: (p. 250)
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all of the above – self-monitoring, self-award, self-contracting, stimulus control
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49. If your client wanted to change a behavior, for instance, learning to control smoking, drinking, or eating, which behavioral technique would be most appropriate to employ?
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b. self-management
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50. Techniques that differentiate behavioral group therapy from other models of group work include all but: (p. 258)
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c. a time-limited intervention.
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51. From a multimodal therapy perspective, enduring change is seen as a function of: (p. 252)
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d. combined techniques, strategies, and modalities.
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52. Lazarus argues in favor of: (p. 252)
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a. technical eclecticism.
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53. Who is the developer of multimodal therapy? (p. 252)
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d. Arnold Lazarus
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54. The premise of the exposure-based therapies is that anxiety is reduced through: (p. 245-248)
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c. pairing a feared stimulus with a competing, calming response.
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55. In group settings, behavior therapists provide: (p.258)
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e. all but C – modeling. teaching of new skills. directive support of clients.
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56. The key principle in applied behavior analysis is: (p. 243)
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a. to use the least aversive means to change behavior.
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57. In vivo flooding consists of: (p. 247)
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b. intense and prolonged exposure to the actual anxiety-producing stimuli.
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58. EMDR is typically used to help clients: (p. 248)
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a. restructure their cognitions regarding traumatic events.
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59. Dialectical behavior therapy: (p. 255)
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e. both (b) and C – is a promising blend of behavioral and psychoanalytic techniques, is a treatment for depression.
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60. Which is not true of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)? (p. 255)
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d. DBT is a blend of Adlerian concepts and behavioral techniques.

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