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CMPH Chapter 10

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Windows Disk Cleanup is the utility to use whenever you want to defragment you hard drive.
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False
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Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it’s important to delete unneeded files.
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True
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Defragmenting is not recommended for solid-state hard drives
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True
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Using windows 7 backup and restore, you can back up the volume on which Windows is installed.
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True
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The chkdsk command will not fix anything on the drive unless the drive is unlocked.
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False
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For optimal performance, how much free space does Windows need on a hard drive?
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15 percent
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Which hard drive type contains spinning platters?
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Magnetic hard disk drives
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What is pagefile.sys used for in windows?
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Virtual memory
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What is another name for a file allocation unit?
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Cluster
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How ofter does windows7/vista automatically defragment a hard drive?
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once a week
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Use the ____ command to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contigouos.
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Defrag
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To make sure the drive is healthy, you need to search for and repair file system errors using the Windows _____ utility.
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Chkdsk
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A snapshot of the system settings and configuration is called a_____.
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restore point
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_____ creates restore points at a regular intervals and ust before you install software or hardware.
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System Protection
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What is the fourth partition on a hard drive called?
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Extended partition
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Besides backing up user data or system files, you can also back up the entire volume on which Win7 is installed using ______.
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Back up and Restore
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Which partition is the bootable partition that startup BIOS turns to when searching for an operation system to start up?
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Active partition
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If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, you can press ____ to do so.
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Ctrl+Break
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The _____ command creates a subdirectory under a directory
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MD
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A dynamic disk requires ____ MB of storage for the disk management database
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1
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You can use _____ to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks.
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Disk management
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Which of the following status indicators apply only to dynamic disks?
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1.Foreign drive 3.Healthy(at risk)
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Which of the following are file systems supported by Windows that you can choose for volumes and drives that don’t hold the Windows installation.
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FAT32 exFAT NTFS
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Which of the following are recommendations for freein up disk space on a hard drive?
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Uninstall software you no longer use use drive compression
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Which of the following Windows settings are critical for kepping the system protected from malware and hackers?
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Network location setting Antivirus software Windows updates
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To _____ is to rearrange parts of files on the drive so each file is stored on the drive in contiguous clusters
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Defragment
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_________ restores the system to its condition at the time a snapshot was taken of the system settings and configuration
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System Restore
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As you work at the command prompt, you can use _______ characters in a filename to say that the command applies to a group of files or to abbreviate a filename if you do not know the entire name
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wildcard
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Space on the disk is marked as _____ if it has not yet been partitioned.
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Unallocated
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A ______ drive is a volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space
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mounted
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Defragmenting
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Rearranges files on the drive into as a few segments as possible
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Chkdsk utility
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Searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible
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Virtual Memory
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Used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system
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Pagefile.sys
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A hidden file stored in the root directory of drive C
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Backup
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An extra copy of data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed
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Restore Points
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Snapshots of the system and include Windows system fiels that have changed
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Mounted Drive
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A volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space
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Dynamic volumes
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Can span more than one hard drive
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Basic disk
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Can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive
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File system
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Overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive