Civics semester test study guide

Alabama
Montgomery

Delaware
Dover

Alaska
Juneau

Arizona
Phoenix

Arkansas
Little Rock

California
Sacremento

Colorado
Denver

Connecticut
Hartford

Florida
Tallahassee

Georgia
Atlanta

Hawaii
Honolulu

Idaho
Boise

Illinois
Springfield

Indiana
Indianapolis

Iowa
Des Moines

Kansas
Topeka

Kentucky
Frankfort

Louisiana
Baton Rouge

Maine
Augusta

Maryland
Annapolis

Massachusetts
Boston

Michigan
Lansing

Minnesota
Saint Paul

Mississippi
Jackson

Missouri
Jefferson City

Montana
Helena

Nebraska
Lincoln

Nevada
Carson City

New Hampshire
Concord

New Jersey
Trenton

New Mexico
Santa Fe

New York
Albany

North Carolina
Raleigh

North Dakota
Bismark

Ohio
Columbus

Oklahoma
Oklahoma City

Oregon
Salem

Pennsylvania
Harrisburg

Rhode Island
Providence

South Carolina
Columbia

South Dakota
Peirre

Tennessee
Nashville

Texas
Austin

Utah
Salt Lake City

Vermont
Montpeliar

Virginia
Richmond

Washington
Olympia

West Virginia
Charleston

Wisconsin
Madison

Wyoming
Cheyenne

Civics
the study of the rights and duties of citizens

Citizen
community members who owe loyalty to the government and are entitled to protection from it

Dictatorship
a government controlled by one person or a small group of people

Democracy
a government in which citizens hold the power to rule

Government
the ruling authority for a community

Direct Democracy
a form of democracy in which people vote firsthand

Representative Democracy
a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf

Ammendment
any change to the constitution

Naturalization
a legal process to obtain citizenship

Alien
a non-citizen

Immigrant
a person who moves permanently to a new country

Deport
to send an alien or immigrant back to his or her country

Migration
a mass movement of people from one area to another

Patriotism
the love for ones country

Terrorism
the use of violence by groups of people against citizens to achieve a political goal

Constitution
a detailed written plan for a government

Bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses

Ratify
to vote approval of

Legislative Branch
the lawmaking branch of government

Preamble
the opening section of the constitution

Bill of Rights
the first 10 ammendments of the constitution

Executive Branch
the branch of government that carries out laws

Judicial Branch
the branch of government that interprets laws

Income tax
a tax on peoples earnings

Electoral College
a group of people that elect the vice president and president

Rule of Law
principle that the law applys to everyone, even those who govern

Petition
a formal request for government action or a process by which candidates are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get the ballot for general elections in each state

Slander
spoken untruths that can be harmful to someones reputation

Libel
written untruths that can be harmful to someones reputation

Seperation of Powers
the split authority between legislative, executive, and judicial branches

Suffrage
the right to vote

Checks and balances
a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others

Responsibility
an obligation that we fulfill voluntarily

Duty
things we are required to do

Tolerance
respecting and respecting others, regardless of their beliefs, practices, or differences

Welfare
the health, prosperity and happiness of the members of a community

Volunteerism
the practice of offering your time and services to others without payment

Community
a group of people who share the interests and concerns

Census
a population count taken every 10 years by the census bereau

Constituent
a person from a legislatures district

Elastic Clause
gives congress the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its expressed powers

Writ of Habeus Corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person

Filibuster
a tactic for beating a bill in the senate by talking it to death until the bills sponsor withdraws it

Veto
refusal to sign a bill or resolution

Pardon
a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment

Amnesty
a pardon to a group of people

Jurisdiction
a courts authority to hear and decide cases

Precedent
a ruling that is used for the basis for a judicial decision in a later case

Judicial Review
review by the us supreme court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act

Political Party
an alliance of like-minded people who work together to win elections and control of the government

Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out