CIS 110 practice test

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Tools gathering information from sources such as emails, texts, and tweets and make the information instantly and publicly available for use in emergencies.
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Crisis-Mapping
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The gap between those who have easy access to the Internet and technology those who do not
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digital
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results when leisure time and tools allow us to engage in creative acts.
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Cognitive surplus
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Autonomy is defined as
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working without continual direction and control
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QR stands for
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quick response
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Sharing products rather than owning them individually is known as
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collaborative consumption
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The term computer ________ is used to describe someone who is familiar enough with computers to understand their capabilities and limitations.
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literate
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Unwanted or junk e-mail is called
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spam
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________ is a field of study focused on handling and automatic retrieval of information.
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Information technology
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Which of the following is an example of the results of data mining?
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Netflix providing you with a list of videos you might enjoy
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Computers use the ___ language consisting of 0s and 1s.
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binary
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Apple’s OS X and Microsoft Windows are examples of
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operating system
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computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car.
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Embedded
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Which of the following is NOT a system used with touch screens?
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inductive
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Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ____ printers.
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nonimpact
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A _____ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the internet.
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network interface card ( NIC )
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The area that holds all the instructions the computer needs to start up when it is powered on is _____.
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ROM
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Dropbox is an example of ________.
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cloud storage
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Which of the following optical storage media has the greatest storage capacity?
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BD
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Which computer port can transmit uncompressed audio and video?
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HDMI
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The Internet is ________.
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a large network of networks
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The World Wide Web was based on a protocol developed by ________
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Tim Berners Lee
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Software that enables you to display and interact with text and other media on the web
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browser
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A computer connected to the internet that asks for data is a ____.
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client
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A(n) ________ system requires a program, such as Microsoft Outlook, to be installed on your computer, and when the program is opened, your e-mail is downloaded to your computer.
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email client
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which of the following is Not a social networking site.
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itunes
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Which of the following is NOT a proprietary instant messaging (IM) service?
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LinkedIn Messenger
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Podcasts enable you to ________.
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deliver audio/video files via RSS
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All of the following are types of e-commerce business EXCEPT ________.
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C2B
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the two major types of system software programs are utility programs and the _________
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operating system
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All of the following are examples of networking operating systems, EXCEPT ______.
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MS-DOS
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Which of the following operating systems are used on most tablets?
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Android and iOS
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Windows 8 uses a(n) ________ account to easily access and store your files online.
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OneDrive
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Using hard disk space to temporarily store data or instructions from RAM is referred to as
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Virtual memory
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The basic input/output system is stored on a ________ chip.
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ROM
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denotes a ________ directory that is at the top of the filing structure of a computer.
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Root
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the location of a file is specified by its
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File Path.
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deleted files on a Mac computer are moved to the _____
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Trash
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Which utility removes redundancies in a file to reduce the file size?
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File Compression
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Two or more computers that are connected via software and hardware, so they can communicate with each
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Network
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is the actual speed of data transfer that achieved always less than or equal to the data transfer rate.
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throughput
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Is The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes
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Bandwidth
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a large network designed to provide access to a specific geographic area, such as a large city is a
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MAN
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which of the following is NOT a type of cable used in wired networks
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router cable
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a client/server network is an example of ___ administration
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central
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Which of the following is Not a type of cable used in wired networks ?
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Unshielded Coaxial
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Wireless network devices use ______ to communicate with each other
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radio waves.
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Sophisticated networks generally use which of the following hardware devices to ease the flow of data packets throughout the network
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routers and switches
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all of the following operating systems support P2P networking, EXCEPT
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Unix
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Social networking
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is incorporated as part of political strategy by many politicians.
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a device facilitates file sharing and data backup
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Nas
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Which of the following is true about crisis-mapping software?
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Ushahidi was created in a few days and distributed globally for free.
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
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Web 2.0 has led to a shift from just consuming content toward
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producing content.
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Examples of crowdfunding and crowdsourcing include
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KIckstarter and MobileVoice.
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QR codes can be linked to
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a video, a Facebook page, a website.
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The Virtual Choir showed that people have the means to collaborate easily internationally. (T/F)
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True
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Modern motivation theory says people work hardest when offered the highest pay. (T/F)
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False
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Being computer literate includes being able to
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avoid spam, adware, and spyware. use the web effectively. diagnose and fix hardware and software problems.
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Simulation software that can be used in education includes
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the Interactive Body.
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Digestible microchips
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have embedded sensors to transmit information to physicians.
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Computer forensics
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analyzes computer systems to gather potential legal evidence.
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The Khan Academy is
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a free technology tool used for education.
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Being computer literate is an advantage in almost every type of career. (T/F)
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True
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Being computer literate means you know how to solve any computer problem. (T/F)
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False
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Terabyte
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One trillion bytes
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Embedded computer
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The type of computer that you might find in your automobile is
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What is not an input device
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Laser printer
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What is true about supercomputers
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They perform complex calculations rapidly
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Monitor screens are made up of millions of tiny dots know as
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Pixels
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Data and information are not interchangeable terms
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True
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Inkjet printers are considered a legacy technology
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False
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What port enables you to connect devices such as keyboards and printers to your computer
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USB
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To add ports to your computer, what do you need
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Expansion hub
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What is not located on the mother board
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DVD drive
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What is not an optical storage device
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Flash drive
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An important consideration for all computing devices
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Ergonomics
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The hard drive is an example of a volatile storage device
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False
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The processor speed of the CPU is not the only measure of a processor’s expected performance
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True
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The Internet was created to provide:
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a secure form of communications and a common communications means for all computers.
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Which of the following describes an IP address?
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It is referred to as a dotted quad. It identifies any computer connecting to the Internet. It identifies a website.
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Which of the following should you avoid doing on social networking sites?
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Posting information about pet names, favorite teachers, and other commonly identifiable information.
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Which is NOT considered a social networking site?
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Gmail
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Which of the following is an installed e-mail client?
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Outlook
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Collaborative, user-created web content is also known as Web 2.0. (T/F)
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True
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E-mail is synchronous while instant messaging is asynchronous. (T/F)
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False
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Which web browser is open source?
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Firefox
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What web browser feature would be particularly useful when using public computers?
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Privacy browsing
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In the URL http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog, which part is considered the path or subdirectory?
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/blog
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Which search engine searches other search engines?
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Dogpile
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What should you do if you want to search for a phrase?
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Place quotation marks around the phrase.
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Social bookmarking and tagging are the same thing. (T/F)
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True
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HTTP is the only Internet protocol.
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False
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Which of the following is NOT an example of a smartphone OS?
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Linux
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You are most likely to find a real-time operating system (RTOS)
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In your automobile
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Borrowing hard drive space to optimize RAM storage is known as
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Virtual memory
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An example of an open source OS is
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Linux
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If your computer can’t store all the required OS data in RAM, it can use temporary file on the hard drive to store data. This is known as a _____.
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Swap
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Each device attached to your computer needs a device driver to communicate with the OS
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True
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The first step of the boot process is the power on self test (POST)
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False
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Which of the following is NOT considered an accessibility utility?
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System restore
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Apps specifically designed for Windows 8
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Run full screen
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The Windows app used for file management is
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File Explorer
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If you place a document from your C: drive in the Recycle Bin in Windows
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It remains on your hard drive until you empty the Recycle Bin
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The _____ utility is used for detecting lost files and fragments of files on your hard drive
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Error-checking
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You can terminate nonresponsive programs with Task Manager
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True
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System restore points can only be created by Windows automatically on a regular schedule
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False
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Which of the following would NOT be a benefit of networking computers?
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sharing software licensees
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Megabit per second is usually used to measure
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data transfer rate and throughput
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Which of the following is an example of a locally administered network?
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A P2P network
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What do you need to get wireless Internet access at home?
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a wireless router
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Which type of Internet connection requires hardware to be installed outside your home?
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Satellite
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802.11ac is the current wireless Ethernet standard.
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True
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Network adapters installed internally in a device are called NICs.
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True
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Which of the following can be used to add additional ports to your network?
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switch
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To determine what devices are connected to your router you should:
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log into an account associated with your router’s IP address.
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Which of the following is NOT a reason to connect your digital entertainment device to your home network?
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Your stored entertainment files are more secure when connected to a home network.
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Which of the following might cause interference or poor connectivity between nodes on a wireless network?
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Concrete walls, Nodes that are too far apart, and some appliances
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What device would be useful to amplify a wireless signal?
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wireless range extender
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Home network servers are used for file management tasks on a home network.
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True
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All devices must run the same version of an operating system to connect to a home network.
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True
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——————————————————————
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——————————————————————
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Backward compatibility
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The accommodation of current devices being able to use previously issued software standards in addition to the current standards.
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bandwidth
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The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second.
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Broadband
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a high speed internet connection such as cable, satellite, or digital subscriber line.
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Cable internet
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A broadband service that transmits data over coaxial cables.
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Cat 6 cable
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A UTP cable type that provides more than 1 Gb/s of throughput
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Client/ server network
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A type of network that uses servers to deliver services to computers that are requesting them
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Coaxial cable
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A single copper wire surrounded by layers of plastic insulation, metal sheathing, and a plastic jacket; used mainly in cable television and cable internet service
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Data Transfer rate
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The maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; measured in megabits per second or gigabits per second
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Digital Subscriber line
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A type of connection that uses telephone lines to connect to the Internet and that allows both phone and data transmissions to share the same line.
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Ethernet Network
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A network that uses the Ethernet protocol as the means by which the nodes on the network communicate.
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Fiber optic service
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Internet access that is enabled by by transmitting data at the speed of light through glass or plastic fibers.
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Firmware
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System software that controls hardware devices
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Gigabit Ethernet
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The most commonly used wired Ethernet standard deployed in devices designed for home networks; provides bandwidth of up to 1 gbps
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Hacker
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Anyone who unlawfully breaks into a computer system
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Home area network
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A network located in a home that’s used to connect all of its digital devices
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Home Network Server
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A device designed to store, media, share media across the network, and back up files on computers connected to a home network
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Internet service provider
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A company that specializes in providing internet access. ISP’s may be specialized providers, like Juno, or companies that provide other services in addition to the Internet access
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Local area network
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A network in which the nodes are located within a small geographic area
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Metropolitan area network
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A wide area network that links users in a specific geographic area
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Mobile broadband
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connection to the internet through the same cellular network the cell phones use to get 3G OR 4G internet access.
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Network
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A group of two or more computers that are configured to share information and resources such as printer, files, and databases
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Network adapter
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A device that enables the computer to communicate with the network using a common data communication language, or protocol.
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Network administration
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Involves tasks such as installing new computers and devices, monitoring the network to ensure its performing efficiently updating and installing new software on the network, and configuring or setting up, proper security for a network
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Network architecture
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The design of a computer network; includes both physical and logical design
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Network attached storage
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A specialized computing device designed to store and manage network data.
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Network interface card
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An expansion card that enables a computer to correct other computers or to a cable modern to facilitate a high speed internet connection
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Network navigation device
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A device on a network such as a router or switch that moves data signals around the network
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Network operating system
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Software that handles requests for information, internet access, and the use of peripherals for the rest of the network node, providing the services necessary for the computers on the network to commmunicate
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Network ready device
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A device that can be attached directly to a network instead of needing to attach to a computer on the network
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Node
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A device connected to a network such as a computer, a peripheral, or a communications device
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Peer to Peer (aka p2p) network
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A network in which each node connected to the network can communicate directly with every other node on the network
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Personal area network
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A network used for communication among devices close to one person, such as smartphones, laptops, and tablets, using wireless technologies such as bluetooth

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