Chris is gonna get a B

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Ch 1
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Objective Concerns
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condition of society that can be measured or experienced. Ex). marijuana-whether marijuana is legal, who obtains it and under what circumstances
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social location
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where you are located in society Ex). when michael considers how his race, age marital status and income compares to that of other americans he is considering Social Location
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Intimate Social Context
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When researchers focus on how the relationships we share with family, friends and coworkers shape our lives, they are examining intimate social context.
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supreme court ruling legalized abortion in the U.S.
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Roe Vs. Wade
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Why are sons preferred to daughters in india
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Son can continue the family name, take care of aged parents, can perform funeral rights. All of the above
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Value
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Shared belief. Ex). teenagers who participate in a weekly bible study class believe abortion is bad.
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First stage of natural development of social problems
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defining the problem, emergence of leaders, organizing around the issue. Ex). when joan hayes argued that the abortion issue was about the right of pregnant women to choose whether or not to have a baby.
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Third stage of natural development of social problems
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Reacting to the official response. Ex). when pro abortion groups started to promote the development of abortion clinics around the country, this reflected the third stage.
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Moderates
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Antiabortionists who forward emails to their friends, run newspaper ads, and post blogs
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Case Study
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Gather in depth information on specific situation. Ex). ami wants to gain in-depth information about how women experience abortion.
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Sexism
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Belief that one sex is innately superior to the other, and the discrimination that follows. Ex). Tony believes that men are innately superior to women.
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Sex-Typed
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In the U.S. firefighting, building construction and engineering are typically associated with men, while nursing, teaching and hair styling are typically associated with women.
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Symbolic Interactionism
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Goldberg and lewis’s Research focuses on how parents subconsciously teach gender roles.
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Two Universal Conditions- necessity to survive warfare biological, human reproduction
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according to marvin harris why is male dominance universal
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Biological Explanations
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Herbert and Miranda recently discussed the nature versus nurture debate on gender differences in men and women. Herbert supported the nature side of the debate. This means herbert supports:
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Childrens books in the 1970’s, had primarily females as the main characters.
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False, regarding role of mass media.
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Womens earnings are typically
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72% of what men earn
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women are more tolerant and accepting of homosexuality
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True
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Hate Crime
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When members of the football team found out that their quarterback was a homosexual they assaulted him.
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Concept of the sociological imagination was developed by
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C. Wright Mills
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Phenomena in which large scale events of history bring difficulty into peoples lives is called
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personal troubles
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social context that involves historical events is called
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broad social context
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an aspect of society that can be measured or experienced is called
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objective condition
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concern that a significant number of people have about an aspect of society that can be measured is called
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Subjective concern
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Shared belief about whether something is good or bad
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Value
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case studies, surveys, experiments and field studies are called
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research designs
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the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other and the discrimination that follows
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Sexism
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Blank—suggests that the origin of male dominance is rooted in biological factors
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Functionalists
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Blank–suggests that men cultivate images of female inferiority to justify their greater priveledge and use economic and legal weapons against women
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Conflict Perspective
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Blank—are those whose internal gender identity does not match the gender role assigned to them by society
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transgendered persons
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social location determines a persons actions
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false
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social problem for some is often a solution for others
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true
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in the case of webster V. reproductive servies the court concluded that the states do not have an obligation to finance abortions
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true
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there are six stages in the natural history of social problems
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false, 4
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sociology provides a basis for making value decisions
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false
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experiments are rare in the study of social problems
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true
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biology determines our occupational destiny
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false
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sexual harrasment laws include people of the same sex
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true
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most americans think that homosexual relations between consenting adults should be legal
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true
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Sexual harrasment laws include people of same sex
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True
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CH 3
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When asked what she wants to be when she grows up. connelly says that she wants to be a lawmaker who determines what is legal and what is criminal. Connelly wants to be involved in the…
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Political Process Power struggle between groups based on their competing intrests or ideologies
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Grace is graduating from college and she has been offered two jobs: one in san diego and one in sanfrancisco. grace will consider the number of crimes occuring per 100,000 people in each city to determine which job she will take. she is considering…
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crime rate
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who is more concerned regarding victimization
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women are more concerned about becoming a crime victim than men
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omar thinks that the high unemployment rate in the urban metropolitan area encourages some people to commit crime. omar is thinking in line with
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strain theory
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Bernie madoff was one of the most notorious white collar criminals. he ran the first…
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ponzi scheme
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the younger a juvenile is when first charged with a violent crime… more likely they are
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more likely it is that he or she will be charged with subsequent crimes
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who is less likely to be rearrested among juvenile delinquents… boys or girls
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girls are less likely than boys to be rearrested
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Brittany is an accountant she has been skimming money off of the payroll for the past 7 years. this is an example of
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white collar crime
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Even though tyler is innocent of the murder charges launched against him. his defense attourney is encouragin him to plead guilty for a lesser charge. the defense attourney is encouraging
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a plea bargain
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professional and organized crime involves
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in group loyalty, scorn for values of the straight world, price in specialized skills all of the above
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research of tony examines how the use of solar power has resulted in positive and negative consequences for mankind. research is in line with
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functionalist perspective
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the state of florida offers tax cuts to new businesses that relocate to the area. example of
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corporate welfare
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today the new employees of the factory will learn about how the government regulates the burning of wood, coal, petroleoum and natural gas. they are learning about regulation of
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fossil fuels
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regarding waste, the supreme court ruled that
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cities must use garbage ininerators approved by the EPA
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the plankton in the ocean ingested mercury that was in the water. a small fish ate the plankton. a larger fish ate the smaller fish that had eaten the plankton. marcus ate the large fish that had eaten the smaller fish. reflects
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food chain
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Jeff believes that our civilization depends on substances whose supply is limited. jeff is a
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pessimistic enviornmentalist
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betty believes that significant sacrifices in lifestyle are necessary for the survival of earth. kias beliefs are in line with
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scaled back society
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mary supports idea of a steady state society, she is
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pessimistic environmentalist
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rochelle believes that environmentalists should support the development of a world of even greater abundance
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expanding society
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at the county commissioners meeting tonight dr phillips will report on how the poor in the local community have been more impacted by the water and air pollution than the middle and upper class. he speaks about
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enviornmental injustice
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social class influences who shows up in official statistics
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true
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white collar crime is committed by people of high social status in the course of their occupations
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true
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in vast majority of cases people accused of a crime do not recieve a trial
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true
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Rehabilitation is successful for most people who are in prisons
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false
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working class students are more likely than upper class students to drop out of school
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true
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a dysfunction of industrialization is that toxic industrial wastes were discarded in almost every corner of the earth
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true
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scientists agree that global warming is due to human causes
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false
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according to economist julian simon, raw materials are getting scarcer
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false
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the tropical rain forests cover about 7 percent of the earths total land area
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true
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about three generations ago people realized there were enviornmental problems
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false
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because laws differ from one society to another so does crime. this means crime is
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culturally relative
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blank–suggests that social class impacts our perception and behavior
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symbolic interactionists
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blank–view property crime as inherent in socities that socialize people of all social classes to desire material success while limiting the legitimate means to achieve that success
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functionalists
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blank–developed the strain theory
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robert merton
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blank–have access to resources and strive for success without resistance
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conformists
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blank–give up on achieving success but still work in culturally approved ways
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ritualists
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blank–are interested in how peoples perceptions of the enviornment change
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symbolic interactionists
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the layer of cold air that seals in a layer of warm air and traps smoke, exhaust and particles that cause harm is
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thermal inversion
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when burning fossil fuels release sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide into the atmosphere, moisture in the air turns these emmissions into sulfuric and nitric acid and leads to..
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acid rain
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the blank–involves increasing our industrial output to create a world of even grater material abundance.
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expanding society

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