Choral/Music Italian Terms

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a Capella
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unaccompanied
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accelerando
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gradually getting faster
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adagio
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slow, generally held to indicate a tempo between andante and largo
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agitato
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agitated
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allargrando
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broadening, i.e. getting a little slower and probably also a little louder
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allegretto
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Fairly quick, but not quite as quick as allegro
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allegro
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quick
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andante
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at a walking pace
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arco
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bow string of an instrument, a direction after pizzicato
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a Tempo
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in time, indicating a return to the original speed after e.g. rit. or rall.
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bewegt
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with movement, agitated
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cantabile
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in singing style
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Con
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with
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crescendo
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gradually getting louder
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da capo
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from the beginning
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dal segno
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from the sign
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decrescendo
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gradually getting softer (Decresc.)
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diminuendo
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gradually getting softer (Dim.)
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dolce
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sweet, soft
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einfach
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simple
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espressivo
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expressive
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fin
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end
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forte
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loud
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fortepiano
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loud, then immediately soft
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fortza
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force
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frohlich
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cheerful, joyful
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fuoco
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fire
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glissando
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slide
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grandioso
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grandly
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grave
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very slow, solemn
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lacrimoso
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sad
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langsam
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slow, equivalent to adagio and lento
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largo
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slow, stately
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legato
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smooth
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lento
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slow (lent.)
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lustig
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cheerful
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ma
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but
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maestoso
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majestic
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marcato
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empathetic, accented
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misterioso
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mysterious
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molto
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very much

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