Chapters 7 & 8

Stimulants act by increasing the activity of the
central nervous system.
Mescaline, in the form of dried peyote buttons, has long been used for religious purposes by people native to the southwestern United States and Latin America.
true
Which of the following is a sign of codependent behavior?
Striving to meet another person’s needs in a obsessive and unhealthy way
Depressants speed up neuromuscular activity and can increase focus and alertness.
false
Among college students, which of the following illicit drugs has the highest usage rate?
Amphetamines
All of the following are true about suppositories EXCEPT
they have a short life span and become inactive within an hour.
Using a nicotine patch for smoking cessation is an example of which route of administration?
Transdermal
Which of the following is an example of a process addiction?
Compulsive gambling
Which type of drug contains substances used to help people relax or socialize?
Recreational drug
Lisa is aware that her best friend, Kim, has a drinking problem. Lisa continually makes excuses for her and often completes Kim’s homework to protect her from flunking out of school. Lisa’s behavior is an example of
enabling.
Alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco are all classified as which type of drug?
recreational
Which type of psychoactive drug generally has harmful effects and is most likely illegal?
Illicit
Diet pills contain ingredients such as caffeine, which can have dangerous side effects and act in what way on the body?
As a stimulant
As a strategy to curb drug abuse, drug testing by employers is primarily designed to
address safety concerns.
Which of the following gambling activities is the most common among college students?
Lottery
Which type of drug has the potential to alter a person’s mood or behavior?
Psychoactive drug
Which of the following is TRUE about psilocybin?
It can cause hallucinations.
Outpatient behavioral treatment for drug addiction includes all of the following approaches EXCEPT
extrasensory perception therapy
The most noticeable effect of the THC in marijuana is
bloodshot eyes
Which of the following is TRUE about inhalants?
Doses are difficult to control because of individual lung capacities.
Psychological dependence, which involves feelings of well-being or euphoria, is completely separate from physiological dependence on a substance.
false
People with a physiological dependence on a substance, such as an addictive drug, will experience
both tolerance and withdrawal.
The excessive use of a drug is
abuse
Stimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall are commonly prescribed to treat
ADHD.
Methadone maintenance does not have the same potential for addiction that heroin does.
false
Which substance in cigarettes decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells?
carbon monoxide
Which is TRUE about women and alcoholism?
Women get addicted faster with less alcohol use than men
The last stage of liver disease that can result from years of heavy drinking is
cirrhosis
Which of the following is TRUE with respect to global health and alcohol use?
Almost 4 percent of all deaths worldwide are attributed to alcohol
Which effect does carbon monoxide have on the body?
It diminishes the oxygen-carrying capacity of the red blood cells.
Alcohol and tobacco result in more deaths each year than all illicit drugs combined.
true
Which of the following statements about college drinking is TRUE?
Female college students’ alcohol consumption is now close to that of male college students
The water that is pulled out of the body due to alcohol’s diuretic effect is from
cerebrospinal fluid.
Jeff has been drinking a lot over the past few months, including frequent binges. His friends are concerned that this behavior puts him at risk for a condition that involves a potentially lethal blood alcohol concentration. Which condition is this?
Alcohol poisoning
After a night of heavy drinking, John still appears sober while his friends are obviously intoxicated. It is likely that John has developed
learned behavioral tolerance
Which of the following is a major contributor to indoor air pollution?
secondhand smoke
Approximately what percentage of Americans consume alcoholic beverages regularly?
50%
Smoking contributes to heart disease by doing all of the following EXCEPT
thinning the plaque in the major blood vessels.
Cigars are less of a health risk than cigarettes.
false
Nicotine paralyzes the cilia on the surfaces of upper respiratory passages and prevents it from
cleaning out foreign matter.
A driver is considered always impaired when he or she has a blood alcohol concentration of
0.08% or higher
Eating food when drinking alcohol
slows alcohol absorption.
Which of the following statements about nicotine is TRUE?
It is a powerful central nervous system stimulant.
A disease associated with smoking in which alveoli are destroyed is known as
emphysema
Marketing of tobacco products currently targets all of the following EXCEPT
affluent citizens in high-income areas
Which of the following is TRUE with respect to women and smoking?
Women who smoke are more likely to have fertility problems than non-smokers
The effects of alcohol are different for women and men because
women have lower levels of alcohol dehydrogenase than men.
The ratio of alcohol to total blood volume is the
blood alcohol concentration
A nicotine inhaler is safer than a nicotine nasal spray because
it is easier to overdose with the nasal spray.
Risk for developing lung cancer varies among smokers due to all of the following EXCEPT
tolerance to nicotine.

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