Chapter 8: The Middle Ages in Europe

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byzantine empire
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eastern part of the roman empire that survived the fallof rome, with its capital at constantinople
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constantinople
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capital of the Byzantine Empire
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eastern orthodoxy
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church established in the byzantine empire after the split from the roman catholic church; greek & russian Orthodox churches descend from this
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code of justinian
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a digest of roman and church law, and it laid the foundation for modern, western law
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middle ages
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the fall of rome in 476 a.d. to the 1400s aslo known as medieval period
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charlemagne
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king who expanded the practice of giving land to his nobles in exchange for their promises of loyalty and service
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feudalism
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helped people survive the breakdown of central govement and order
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lords
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people of high rank who received land in exchange for their loyalty
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knights
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armed worriors on horseback
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serfs
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peasant farmers
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manor
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a large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
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manorialism
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each manor produced its own food clothing and shelter
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three-field system
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a system of farming developed in medieval europe
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roman catholicism
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a branch of christianity that developed in the western roman empire and that recognized the pope as its supreme head
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the pope
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the head of the catholic church
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crusades
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a war to recapture the holy land from its muslim rulers
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thomas aquinas
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Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology
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magna carta
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signed in 1215 guaranteed all free man the right to trail by jury

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