Chapter 6: Interest Groups

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How does the Constitution deal with the issue of interest groups?
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interest groups are protected bu the first amendment to the consitution
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The responsibility of the Texas Ethics Commission is to enforce laws relating to
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campaign finance registration for certain interest groups lobbying
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According to Chapter 305 of the current Government Code
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an individual who gives or receives while engaged in lobbying efforts must be registered -a person who receives mores than 1,000 per quarter & 500 per quarter on gifts of the legislator
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Strong antiunion feelings are a reflection of Texas’s ___ political culture
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traditionalistic/individualistic
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Who or what can be a part of membership organizations
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Businesses Individual citizens –NOT ANY OTHER GOVERNMENT
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capture
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when a state agency becomes controlled by its constituency interest group
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How does the party structure in Texas affect interest group power and influence
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The weakened structure of party competitiveness strengthens interest group influence
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Most states have law regulating what activity by interest groups
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lobbying making financial contributions to political campaigns
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electioneering
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An activity in which an interest group engages in order to influence the outcome of an election
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The interests of state and federal agencies are represented by
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Government organizations
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membership organizations
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private groups whose members are individual citizens or businesses
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Nonmembership organizations
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represent individuals, single corporations, businesses, law firms, or freelance lobbies
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Which of the following is n example of a public interest group
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National Organization for Women American Civil Liberties Union Mothers Against Drunk Driving
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According to right-to-work laws
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a person cannot be denied employment because of membership or nonmembership in a labor union or other labor organization
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Peak business organizations focus on which of the following goals?
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opposing legislation that would not foster a “good business climate” in Texas interest groups that represent statewide business interests promote their member’s interest against policies that do not promote their people
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What is the chief foal of grassroots lobbying efforts by interest groups
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To create a favorable public image for the group
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What is the primary goal of retail trade associations
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protect their trades from state regulations that the groups deems undesirable and to support regulation favorable to the group’s interests
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Required to register with the federal Election Commission at the time they are formed, __ __ committees raise and contribute money to the campaigns of candidates that promote their interests
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political action
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Which groups represent AA interests
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CORE NAACP
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Which of the following is not a professional association
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The Good Roads Associations
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Professional associations differ from trade associations in two ways
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1. members hold a professional license 2. state regulates their scope of practice
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The Good Roads Association is an example of a __ ___ because it represents the specific business interests of highway contractors
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trade associations
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trade associations differ from peak business associations
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they represent more specific business interests
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Which of the following is a regulation that affects Texas PACs
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PACs cannot contribute to candidates during a window that beigns 30 days prior to the legislative session and ends 30 days after the session ends PACs are required to designate a campaign treasurer PACs must create complete reports idetifying every donor who contributed at least 50 dollars to the campaign Must register with Texas Ethics Commission prohibited to make a contribution to legislatures 30 days before and 30 days after 140 day session
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Which of the following is the primary goal of most state and local interest groups
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protecting local interests from state activities
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Because individuals may benefit from the work of interest groups whether or not they participate in the group’s activities, some goups have difficulty recruiting members due the __ __ problem
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free-rider
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collective bargaining
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a process of negotiation between an employer and a group of employees so as to determine the conditions of employment TEXAS DOES NOT GIVE PUBLIC EMPLOYEES THE RIGHT OT BARGAIN COLLECTIVELY
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Nonmembership organizations do not have broad-based citizen support
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TRUE
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What is the primary goal of lobbying
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influence the members of the legislature
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State licensing boards spend most of their time
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limiting the number of people that can be licensed creating favorable rules for members of their profession
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summarizes the control the governor of Texas enjoys over states agencies
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The governor makes few significant appointments to state agencies and therefore possesses minimal control over policy decisions
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iron triangle
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the process in which interest groups, the state agency, and the legislative committee create policy
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prohibited by Texas law from making campaign contributions to candidates for statewide or legislative office?
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corporations and labor unions prohibited individual not prohibited
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How does a well-compensated, professional legislative staff reduce the influence of interest groups?
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the staff provides most of the research for legislators, who rely less on interest group research
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in texas, what has been heavily influenced by fundamentalist christian groups
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republican party texas state board of education
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Texas has __ government structure because because power is dispersed to many state agencies with little or no central control
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fragmented
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activity in Texas state politics by Hispanic Catholics is motivated by concerns about
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economic advancement local services abortion
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what is the primary reason that geographic distribution positively affects the power of interest groups
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it allows groups to command the interest of more legislators
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In texas, how are republic sector employee organizations classified due to their inability to engage in collective bargaining
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Professional associations
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The Texas Farm Bureau represents which segment of the Texas agricultural industry
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large agricultural producers
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a tool used by interest groups in electioneering
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staging candidate fundraisers writing speeches promising financial support for elections recruiting candidates money candidate recruitment
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The citizens united v. federal election commission ruling __ the role of PACs in elections
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greatly expanded
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not an example of a state and local interest group
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state board education
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What effect might Citizens united decision have in texas
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may lead to revision, repeal, and nonenforcement of he state’s law on campaign funding of advertising because texas law prohibits campaign contributions by union and corporations
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in house lobbyist are employees of which of the following
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employees of businesses or associations and lobby as part of their job
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required to register with the federal election commission at the time they are formed __ __ committees raise and contribute money to the campaigns of candidates that promote their interests
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POLITICAL ACTION
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In terms of leadership and organization, the Texas Municipial League draws strength from its
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strong, proactive legislative committee quick adoption of stands on key legislative items highly organized monitor legislation being considered can easily contact selected members to influence bills
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not required by the Texas Ethics Commission to register as lobbyist
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owners and employees of news media outlets government officials who lobby for state agencies or universities
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a group that seeks economic and political equality for those that they represent would be considered a
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noneconomic membership organization
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How has the interest group tactic of entertaining legislator changed over the years
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there is far less provision of entertainment, food, and bribes, but is still a key part of the process
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Peak business organizations
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focus on a more specific thing
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example of a peak business organization
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texas association of manufactures
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several members of which type of interest group have developed a reputation for producing quality research and information for the texas legislature
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business groups
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how does economic diversity affect interest group power in texas
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the diversified economy has increased the number of interest gorups, thus diluting the groups’ power
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the first step in the process of electioneerig is
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candidate recruitment
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state licensing boards spend most of their time
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limting the numebr of people that can be licensed creating favorable rules for members of their profession
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which of the following is the primary goal of most state and local interest group
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protecting local interests from state activites
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peak business organizaitons focus on which of the following goals
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opposing legislation that would not foster a good business climate in texas
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which type of interest group has little power in texas compared to many other states
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labor unions
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because texas lacks collective bargaining
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public sector employee organizations are merely professional associations rather than labor union
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which texas teacher association enjoys a strong relationship with the texas republican party?
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Association of Texas Professional Educators
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how do interest groups try to directly influence government agencies enforcement of public policy once it has become law
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securing the appointments to boards and commissions of people who favor the interest group
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the be considered an interest group, organizations must focus on economic interests
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false
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an astroturf organization is one that lacks
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a grassroots organizations
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specialized educational association
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texas high school coaches association
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more texas interest groups fir which category or profile than any other
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interest gorups that represent a single company
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how has PACs influence affected candidates party loyalty
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PACs have decreased loyalty to parties since they have finance races and help candidates much like parties do
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which among the following are not required by the Texas Ethics Commission to register as lobbyist
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owners and employees of news media outlets government officials who lobby for state agencies or universities

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