Chapter 5: Respiratory System

Flashcard maker : Alicia Bennett
What is the synonym for throat?
Pharynx
What carries air from the trachea to the lung?
Bronchi
The partition separating the right and left cavities of the nose is the :
nasal septum
Both air and food travel though the:
pharynx
The lymphoid tissue is located behind the nasal cavity is called:
adenoids
The area in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged is the :
alveoli
The space between the lungs is the
mediastinum
Lymphoid tissue located behind the mouth is called the :
tonsils
The vocal cords are located in the:
larynx
The muscular partition between the thoracic and abdominal cavities is the:
diaphragm
The combining form rhin/o refers to the
nose
The combining form that means chest is
thorac/o
The combining form that means lung is
pulmon/o
The combining form orth/o is defined as
straight
The combining form that means breath, breathing is
spir/o
The prefix that means all, total is
pan-
The prefix the means without, absence of is
a-, an-
The suffix that means pain is
algia
The suffix -ary is defined as
pertaining to
The suffix that means an instrument used for visual examination is
-scope
The suffix -stomy is defined as
creation of an artificial opening
The suffix that means a surgical puncture to aspirate fluid is
-centesis
The suffix -rrhagia is defined as a
rapid flow of blood
The suffix that mens pertaining to is
-ar, -ary, -eal
The suffix that means stretching out, dilation, or expansion is
-ectasis
A patient admitted with an inflammation of the larynx , trachea, and bronchi also could be said to have
laryngotracheobronchitis (croup)
Pus in the chest (pleural space) is known as:
pyothorax
A patient with blood in the chest (pleural space) has a
hemothorax
The term that means dilation of the bronchi is
bronchiectasis
A cancerous tumor originating in the bronchus could be
bronchogenic carcinoma
The term that means inflammation of the throat is
pharyngitis
The term that means narrowing of the trachea is
tracheostenosis
Air in the chest (pleural space) causing collapse of the lung is called
pneumothorax
Inflammation of the nose is called:
rhinitis
The term bronchopneumonia is built from :
WR/CV/WR/S
Another term for rhinorrhagia is
epistaxis
A respiratory disease characterized by paroxysm of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath is called
asthma
Stretching of lung tissue cause by alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity occur in
emphysema
An upper respiratory infection affects the :
nasal cavity , pharynx, or larynx
Whooping cough is also called:
pertussis
Another term for nosebleed is
epistaxis
Accumulation of fluid in the alveoli and bronchioles is called
pulmonary edema
Repetitive pharyngeal collapse leading to absence of breathing is called
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
Valley fever, a fungal disease affecting the lungs, is also called:
coccidioidomycosis
An excision of a lobe (of the lung) is called
lobectomy
A term that means the surgical repair of the larynx is called
laryngoplasty
The term thoracotomy is defined as
incision into the chest cavity
The term that means a surgical puncture of the chest cavity to aspirate fluid is
thoracocentesis
An incision of the trachea is called
tracheotomy
An instrument used to measure carbon dioxide (levels in expired gas) is called
oximeter
A visual examination of the larynx is performed with a
laryngoscopy
Levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood are tested by:
arterial blood gases
What disease is an acid-fast bacilli smear used for diagnosis?
Tuberculosis
The term hypoxia is defined as deficiency in
oxygen (to the tissue)
The term that means able to breathe more easily in a upright position is
orthopnea
The term that means nasal discharge is
rhinorrhea
The term that means absence of voice is
aphonia
The term that means difficult breathing is
dyspnea
The term hypoxemia is defined as
condition of deficient oxygen in the blood
The term tachypnea is built
prefix/suffix/wordroot
The term pulmonology is defined as
study of lungs
A mucopurulent discharge contain
both mucus and pus
A device that creates a mist is called a
nebulixer
A term that means periodic or sudden attack
paroxysm
A bronchodilator is an agent that causes
bronchi to widen
Another term that means suffocation is
asphyxia
A term that means the ventilation of the lungs does not fulfill the body’s gas exchange needs is
hypoventilation
Cough is defined as
sudden, noisy explusion of air from lungs
A patent airway is
open
The term that means to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract is
aspirate
What is the abbreviation for the procedure used to evaluate the heart and lungs?
CXR
What is the abbreviation for respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury?
ARBS
What is the abbreviation for an infection disease caused by acid-fast bacillus that usually affects the lungs?
TB
The accident victim’s ____, or blood in the chest cavity, was caused by blunt trauma.
hemothorax
Because of the near drowning, the young man experienced a temporary absence of oxygen, called
anoxia
The factory worker was diagnosed with _____, an abnormal condition of dust in the lungs.
pneumoconiosis
The physician informed the patient that a heart attack was not the cause of the ______, or chest pain.
Thoracalgia
Following surgery, that patient developed a _______,, or a block in the circulation to the pulmonary artery.
pulmonary embolism
To establish an airway for a patient chocking on a piece of meat, a ____ was performed.
Tracheotomy
The patient was experiencing apnea during sleep caused by repetitive pharyngeal collapse ________ was used to diagnose her condition as OSA.
PSG

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member