Chapter 4 Sociology MDCC

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
The typical patterns of a group, such as its usual relationships between men and women or students and teachers, are referred to as ________.
social structure
Which of the following represents an achieved status?
A.) being a high school drop-out
B.) acting like your mother when she was your age
C.) having a prescribed sex (male or female)
D.) knowing your particular ethnic descent
being a high school drop-out
Based on Durkheim’s classification of society, the Old Order Amish would fall into which category?
mechanical solidarity
A focus on the broad features of society to analyze such things as social class and how groups relate to one another is called ________.
What are the three primary variables in determining one’s social class?
income, education, occupational prestige
What term does Durkheim use to describe the degree to which members of a society are united by shared values and other social bonds?
social integration
Expectations that define appropriate or inappropriate behavior for the occupant of a status are called ________.
Which statement regarding status is most accurate?
Status provides the guidelines for how we are to act and feel.
The difference between status and role is that ________.
we occupy a status that is a social position, but we play a role that is a social expectation
Which sociological perspective is most closely linked to microsociology?
symbolic interactionism
The organized, usual, or standard ways by which society meets its basic needs are referred to as ________.
social institutions
Hilda is studying at the library. She has placed her coat on the chair next to her and has spread books in front of the other chairs. Hilda is trying to extend her ________ so others do not invade it.
personal space
Bumper stickers such as “Proud Parent of an Honor Student” and “Warning: This Driver Convicted of DUI” are best described as being ________.
status symbols
The anthropologist recognized for his work on personal space was ________.
Edward Hall
Jane is a 49-year-old woman of Irish-German descent. What do these characteristics have in common?
These are examples of her ascribed statuses.
In what three states do 75 percent of the Old Order Amish live?
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana
What two sociological perspectives are most linked to macrosociology?
functionalism and the conflict perspective
Signs that identify a position in society that someone occupies are referred to as ________.
status symbols
Facial expressions, posture, and gestures are all examples of ________.
body language
According to Durkheim, when a society increases in size, its division of labor becomes more specialized. People begin to depend upon one another and become interdependent. This form of social cohesion was a concept that he termed ________.
organic solidarity
The presentation of self in everyday life, also called dramaturgy, was developed by ________.
Erving Goffman
Leo, Ryan, and Matthew regularly interact with one another and share similar values, norms, and expectations. In view of this, which concept most applies to their relationship?
A.) They are an aggregate.
B.) They are a category.
C.) They are a group.
D.) They are a social institution.
They are a group.
Andrea is an aspiring associate editor for a major publisher. She is single but feels married to her work. Last year she received a $20,000 bonus for the excellent work she did in promoting new textbooks published by her employer. Based on this information, Andrea’s ascribed status is ________ and her achieved status is ________.
A.) female; married
B.) bonus recipient; associate editor
C.) married; bonus recipient
D.) female; associate editor
female; associate editor
A position in society that cuts across other statuses a person holds, such as being a high-ranking Army officer, a college president, or a handicapped Olympian, would be considered that person’s ________.
master status
Expectations that guide our behavior are called ________.
A position in society that cuts across other statuses a person holds, such as being a high-ranking Army officer, a college president, or a handicapped Olympian, would be considered that person’s ________.

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