Chapter 35 Answers

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
The writer whose The Decline of the West proposed that the European society had entered the final stage of existance was
Oswald Spengler
In Karl Barth’s Epistle to the Romans he
attacked liberal Christian theology that had embraced the idea of progress
In the years after World War I the idea of progress
was roundly attacked
In Jose Ortega’s and Gasset’s Revolt of the Masses he points out that
the masses were destined to destroy the highest achivements of western society
The notion that space and time are relative to the person measuring them was first articulated in
Einstein’s theory of General Relativity
The uncertainty principle is associated with
Heisenburg
John Maynar Keynes
discussed the end of laissez-faire capitalism
Discoveries in physics added to the anxiety of the 1920s and 1930s because
they called into question th established notion of truth
The father of psychoanalysis was
Sigmund Freud
According to Freud, the root of neurotic behavior was
a conflict between conscious and unconscious mental processes
The spread of photography
led many painters to believe that the purpose of painting was not to mirror reality but to create it
Which of the following groups was not one of the new artistic movements of the 20th century?
impressionists
The deliberate violation of perspective by Japanese artists influenced
Edgar Degas
One of the biggest results of artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that
generally accepted standards that distinguished between “good” and “bad” art disappeared
A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by
overproduction and falling prices
By 1929 the price of a bushel of wheat was
at its lowest price in four hundred years
On Black Thursday, October 24, 1929
the U.S stock market crashed
At the lowest point in the Great Depression ______% of the U.S. banks were out of business.
44
During the Great Depression most nations
practiced economic nationalism
In response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes
urged the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs
The Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between
Reds and Whites
War Communism
was an unplaneed course of nationalism
Lenin’s New Economic Policy of 1921
implemented free market reforms
Socialism in One country was the philosophy of
Stalin
The first Five Year Plan was initiated by
Stalin
The term fascism was first used by
Mussolini
The 1935 Nuremburg Laws
deprived German Jews of their citizenship
The Kristallnacht was
a Nazi arranged attack on thousands of Jewish stores
Which of the following was not one of the foundations of Gandhi’s philosophy
heavy industrialization
The May Fourth Movement
galvanized the Chinese against foreign interference
The three principle of the people was the political philosophy of
Sun Yatsen
Mao Zedong’s main rival after 1925 was
Jiang Jieshi

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