Chapter 3- Medical Terminology

blood
The suffix Emina means

dilate
The medical term for expanding or opening wider is

apnea
the medical term for lack of or absence of breathing is

tissue
the medical term for groups of cells with the same function is

cell
the medical term for the basic unit of body structure is

menarche
The medical term for the time when menstruation begins is

meopause
the medical term for the time when menstruation stops is

reflex
The medical term for an involuntary movement is

paraplegia
The medical term for paralysis from the waist down is

quadriplegia
the medical term for paralysis from the neck down is

tonsillectomy
the medical term for removal of the tonsils is

hemiplegia
the medical term for paralysis on one side of the body is

internal rotation
the medical term for turning the joint inward is

supination
the medical term for turning upward is

atrophy
the medical term for a decrease in size or a wasting is

extension
the medical term for straightening of a body part is

abduction
the medical term for moving a body part away from the body is

flexion
the medical term for bending a body part is

pronation
the medical term for turning downward is

dorsiflexion
the medical term for bending backward is

contracture
the medical term for the abnormal shortening of a muscle is

adduction
the medical term for moving a body part toward the body is

anorexia
the medical term for loss of appetite is

gavage
the medical term for moving a body part toward the body is

edema
the medical term fro swelling of body with water is

dysuria
the medical term for painful or difficult urination

glucosuria
the medical term for sugar in the urine is

bedsore
the medical term for a decubitits ulcer, a pressure sore is

deodorant
the medical term for a preparation that mask and controls body odor is

inflammation
the word element -itis means

blood
the word element hema, hemo means

uterus
the word element hyster means

breast
the word element mast means

stomach
the word element gastro means

muscle
the word element myo means

incision
the word element otomy means

tumor
the word element oma means

vein
the word element phlebo means

air, lung
the word element pneumo means

gland
the word element adeno means

pain
the word element algia, algesia means

heart
the word element cardio means

skull
the word element cranio

surgical removal
the word element ectomy means

within, inner, on the inside
the word element endo means

vomitin
the word element emesis means

cut
the word element cise means

puncture
the word element centesis means

kidney
the word element renal means

after
the word element post means

condition of
the word element osis means

nose
the word element rhino means

mouth
the word element stomato means

above
the word element super means

vesicotomy
the medical term for incision of the bladder is

red skin
erythema refers to

superficial
the opposite of deep is

hypertension
high blood pressure is referred to as

new growth
neoplasm refers to

abdomen
the cavity between diaphragm and the floor of the pelvis in which the stomach, intestines, etc. are located is called

excise
to cut or remove surgically is called

abortion
the expulsion of a nonviable fetus prior to term, either involuntary or induced is called

achilles tendon
the tendon that connects the muscles at the back of the calf to the bone of the heel is called

acidosis
a chemical imbalance in the blood marked by an excess of acid, sometimes affecting diabetics and possibly leading to a diabetic coma is called

acne
a common eruptive skin disorder resulting from the clogging or inflammation of the sebaceous glands is called

acromegaly
a disorder of the pituitary gland which is characterized by an enlarged head, hands, or feet is called

acrophobia
a fear of height is called

acupuncture
an oriental art of medicine in which needles are inserted into the skin to relieve pain or treat diseases is called

adams-stokes disease
a temporary loss of consciousness caused by the failure of the heart to miss a beat is called

addiction
the compulsive use of a drug or other substance for other than a medical reason is called

adenoid
an enlarged lymphoid growth behind the pharynx is called

adenotonsillectomy
a “T and A” operation is called

adrenaline, epinephrine
an adrenal hormone that acts to stimulate the heart, dialte the blood vessels, and relax bronchial smooth muscles is called

albuminuria
the presence of protein in the urine is called

bell’s palsy
facial paralysis resulting from a lesion of the facial nerve is called

hay fever, allergic rhinitis
an annual recurring inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes which is normally caused by pollen is called

allergic shock, anaphylactic shock
a violent shock recation, often accompanies by a rash, resulting from an oversenitivity reacion to a foreign substance such as medication or an insect bite is called

alveoli
air sacs that are situated in the lungs are called

ambulatory
a patient that is able to walk is considered

blister
a small rounded sac, especially on the skin containing fluid matter, often resulting from injury, friction, or scalding is called

amputate
to rmoive surgically by cutting, as a gangrenous limb is called

anemia
a deficiency in the amount or quality of red blood corpuscles or of hemoglobin in the blood is called

anesthesiologist
a physician that specializes in the study and administration of anesthetics is called

aneurysm
a localized dilation of the wall of an artery, forming a pulsating sac and ususally accompanied with pain is called

anorexia nervosa
an emotional disturbance, characterized by aversion to food and resulting emaciation is called

antidote
anything that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of a poison is called

anxiety reaction
neurosis characterized chiefly by anxiety unrelated to any apparent cause is called

appendectomy
a surgical removal of the appendix is called a

arteriogram
an x-ray picture of an artery is called

arteriosclerosis
a thickening or hardening of the walls of an artery, with impairment of blood circulation is called

arthritis
inflammation of a joint, characterized by pain, swelling and tenderness is called

aspirate
a withdraw by suction is called to

assimilation
the procsess by which digestive food is made an intergral part of solid or fluids of an organism is called

astigmatism
distored vision caused by an uneven curvature of the cornea is called

athletes foot
ringworm of the foot, caused by a parasitic fungus is called

atrophy
the wasting or withering of a body or any other part as from disease or lack of use is called

audiologist
one who specializes in the treatment of those with hearing problems is called a

aura
a temporary sensory perception that occurs just before the onset of an epileptic convulsion or migraine headache is called

autism
mental disorder of children, marked by lack of response to external activites is called

autopsy
The postmorten examination of a person to determine the real cause of death is called a

botulism
a poisoning caused by eating spoiled or improperly prepared or canned food and characterized by acute gastrointestial and nervous disorders is called

breach presentation
a birth when the baby is positioned to present the buttocks first instead of the head first is called

bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchial tube, characterized by coughing, chest pain, and fever is called

bulimia
a disorder involving overating folled by self-induced vomitin is called

bursitis
inflammation of any of the fulid-filled sacs within the body that tend to lessen friction between moval parts is called

cardiac arrest
a stoppin of the hartbeat is called

cardiologist
a physician specializing in the diagnosis and treament of heart hiseas is called

chronic
occurring gradually over an extended period of time as a disease, is referred to as

harelip, cleft lip
a genetic defect in which the upper lip is completely joined is called

colitis
the inflammation of the colon is called

depilatory
a chemical product capable of removing or loosening hair is called

dermatologist
a physician specializing in the diagnosis and treament of disorders of the skin is called a

electromyogram
a graph recording the electrical activity of a muscle is called

etiologist
a physician specializing in studying the causes of diseases is called

cryosurgery
a freezing of the skin is called

gestation, pregnancy
the total period of pregnacy from conception to birth is

hallucinogen
a drug or chemical capable of inducing hallucilations

hematoma
a blood tumor is called

herpes simplex
a virus that causes cold sores and other skin conditions in humans is called

immunologist
a physician or specialist in the study of immunity is called

labyrinthitis
inflammation of hte labyrinth of the inner ear, usually distrubing the sense of equilibrium is called

lymphangiogram
the visualization by x-ray of lymph nodes after injection of an opaque fluid is called

mammography
a specialized x-ray examination of the breasts is called

oncologist
a physician specializing in the diagnosos and treament of tumors is called

otitis media
the inflammation of the middle ear is called

postpartum
after childbirth is referred to as