Chapter 28 Review

question

The progressive movement believed that social and economic problems should be solved at the community level without involvement by the federal government (true/false)
answer

False
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Muckraking journalists, social gospel ministers, and women reformers all aroused Americans’ concern about economic and social problems (true/false)
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True
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Early twentieth-century progressivism found its home almost entirely in the Republican party (true/false)
answer

False
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Many female progressives saw the task of improving life in factories and slums as an extension of their traditional roles as wives and mothers (true/false)
answer

True
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President Theodore Roosevelt ended the anthracite coal strike by threatening to use federal troops to break the miners’ union (true/false)
answer

True
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Some progressive reforms such as the municipal ownership of utilities were modeled on the admired practices of contemporary German cities (true/false)
answer

True
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Roosevelt believed that all the monopolistic corporate trusts should be broken up so that competition could be restored among smaller businesses (true/false)
answer

False
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Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle, was intended to arouse consumers’ concern about unsanitary practices in the meat industry (true/false)
answer

False
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Conservation of forests, water, and other natural resources was probably Theodore Roosevelt’s most popular and enduring Presidential achievement (true/false)
answer

True
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Defenders of nature became divided between fervent preservationists who wanted to stop all human intrusions into wilderness areas and more moderate conservationists who thought nature should be available for multiple use (true/false)
answer

True
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Roosevelt effectively used the power of the presidency and the federal government to tame and regulate unbridled capitalism while preserving the basic foundations of the market system and American business (true/false)
answer

True
question

William Howard Taft demonstrated his skill as a political campaigner and leader throughout his presidency (true/false)
answer

False
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Progressive Republicans became angry with President Taft because he began to form alliances with Democrats and Socialists (true/false)
answer

False
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The Ballinger-Pinchot conservation controversy pushed Taft further into an alliance with the reactionary Republican Old Guard and against the pro-Roosevelt progressives
answer

True
question

President Taft used his firm control of the Republican party machinery to deny Theodore Roosevelt the nomination in 1912 (true/false)
answer

True
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The two primary goals of the progressive movement, as a whole, were to
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use the state to curb monopoly power and improve the lives of ordinary people
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Prominent among those who aroused the progressive movement by stirring the public’s sense of concern were
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socialists, social gospelers, women, and muckraking journalists
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Which of the following was not among the targets of muckraking journalistic exposes?
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The U.S. army and Navy
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Most progressives were
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urban middle-class people
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Among the political reforms sought by the progressives were
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initiative and referendum, direct election of senators, and women’s suffrage
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The states where progressivism first gained great influence were
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Wisconsin, Oregon, and California
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The Supreme Court Case of Muller v. Oregon was seen as a victory for both progressivism and women’s rights because it
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upheld the constitutionality of state laws granting special protections to women in the workplace
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President Theodore Roosevelt ended the major Pennsylvania Coal strike by
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forcing the mine owners and workers to negotiate by threatening to seize the coal mines and operate them with federal troops
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The Roosevelt-backed Elkins Act and Hepburn Act were aimed at
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more effective regulation of the railroad industry
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The controversy over the Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park revealed
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a philosophical disagreement between wilderness preservationists and more moderate multiple-use conservationists
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Two issues that President Roosevelt especially promoted as part of his progressive policies were
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consumer protection and conservation of nature
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Roosevelt was blamed by big business for the panic of 1907 because
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his progressive boat-rocking tactics had allegedly unsettled industry and undermined business confidence
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As a result of his successful presidential campaign in 1908, William Howard Taft was widely expected to
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continue and extend Theodore Roosevelt’s progressive policies
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Progressive Republicans grew deeply disillusioned with Taft, especially over the issues of
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trust-busting, tariffs, and conservation
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Roosevelt finally decided to break with the Republicans and form a third party because
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Taft had used his control of the Republican party machine to deny Roosevelt the nomination
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Lochner v. New York
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Supreme Court ruling that overturned a progressive law mandating a ten-hour workday
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Gifford Pinchot
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Pro-conservation federal official whose dismissal by Taft angered Roosevelt progressives
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Thorstein Veblen
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Led the way in using universities and regulatory agencies to pursue progressive goals
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Lincoln Steffens
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Early muckraker who exposed the political corruption in many American cities
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Ida Tarbell
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Made Taft’s dollar-diplomacy policy a failure
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Seventeenth Amendment
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Progressive measure that required U.S. Senators to be elected directly by the people rather than by state legislatures
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Robert M. La Follette
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The most influential of the state-level progressive governors and a presidential aspirant in 1912
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Hiram Johnson
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Provided the pioneering forces who laid the foundations for the Progressive movement
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Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
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New York City disaster that underscored urban workers’ need for government protection
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Women’s Christian Temperance Union
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Powerful progressive women’s organization that sought to \”make the world homelike\” by outlawing the saloon and the product it sold

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