Chapter 28 & 29 Quiz 5

BARTÓK, Concerto for Orchestra, fourth movement, “Interrupted Intermezzo” (1943)
Concerto, Rondo-Like, Allegretto, Meter Varies

BARTÓK, Concerto for Orchestra, fourth movement, “Interrupted Intermezzo” (1943)
starts of strong sporadic. Ba da deee, bada deet deet deet

Who is the composer of this work?
Béla Bartók

What is the title of this piece?
Concerto for Orchestra, IV, “Interrupted Intermezzo”

Which description best fits the music?
Folk-like, reflecting the composer’s interest in folk tunes of his country

Which instrument first plays the main theme?
Oboe

Listen again to the fourth movement of Concerto for Orchestra, “Interrupted Intermezzo” by Bartók, and answer the following questions.
Which of the following is an influence on this music?
Wagner’s leitmotivs
Impressionist art
Baroque fugues
Eastern European folk music Correct

How many primary themes are played at the beginning and return later?
One
Two Correct
Three
There is a lot of sound, and many rhythms being played, but no recognizable melodies as themes.

When a theme or themes return, are they repeated exactly as they were played before, or are they different in some way?
Exactly the same
So different that you need to hear the piece many times just to recognize them
No themes return later in the piece.
Somewhat different Correct

Identify some of the instruments that play solos in this piece.
Piano is the primary solo instrument
The percussion section stands out the most in the piece.
Harp, trumpet, bassoon, and piano
Oboe, clarinet, flute, horn, violas, English horn, and woodwinds as a group Correct

How are interruptions used in this piece?
There are no sounds that one could describe as an interruption.
The biggest interruption happens when a gong is hit, followed by silence.
The sudden interruptions sound like a game is being played, and some musicians have jumped out to surprise the listener. Correct
The interruptions sound very angry and add to the intensity of the piece.

What is the tempo?
Adagio
Grave
Allegretto Correct
There is no regular beat or steady tempo.

What is the meter?
There is no single meter. Patterns of accents vary throughout the piece. Correct
Sextuple
Triple
Duple

If you were going to describe this composition to a friend, what might you say?
This piece is so intense and angry that the composer probably wrote it when he was still in Hungary during World War I.
This movement is so slow and sad that it is good that there is another movement after it to change the mood, or no one would want to hear it.
This piece sounds like the orchestra is playing a little game with itself, and the mood remains light and cheerful. Correct
This piece is full of passion, and its single theme is most dramatic as it gradually moves to higher and higher notes and then drops suddenly, only to rise again.

After the short introduction, in what order do the instruments playing the folk-like solo lines come in?

Which section of the orchestra carries the gentle B theme in this passage?

How does the tempo of the music change in this passage?

In this section, you will hear the end of the C theme and the return of the B theme. How are those themes contrasted?

Repeated notes conclude the final few melodic statements. How many repeated notes do you count in these melodic statements?

Oboe, clarinet, flute, horn

The string section

The tempo gets faster.

The themes have contrasting tempos, moods, and instruments

Three

Complete the statements below about the music and life of Béla Bartók. Not all terms will be used.
In 1899, Bartók followed his friend, Ernö Dohnányi, to study music at
the Royal Academy of Music.

Bartók was intensely interested in creating a national music and often used folk music as source material for much of his works.

Bartók’s music frequently uses meter changes, which creates a highly complex and syncopated rhythmic effect.

Bartók’s Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta makes use of
arch form, a technique that creates a mirrored structure.

Upon coming to America, Bartók was given an appointment at
Columbia University, where he researched and catalogued folk music.

Like Igor Stravinsky, Bartók relied on baroque and classical structures, a trait of neoclassicism.

In what year did Bartók die, and what was the cause of death?
1945 of leukemia and related complications

What musician was active with Bartók in collecting and analyzing Hungarian folk music?
Zoltán Kodály, a Hungarian composer who also founded a method for teaching music

What invention, first patented in 1877, helped Bartók to study Hungarian folk music?
The phonograph

In what university in the United States did Bartók teach?
Columbia University

Which work commemorated the nationalist leader of the unsuccessful revolution of 1848?
Kossuth

In what year did Bartók accept an appointment as a piano teacher at the Budapest Academy?
1907

In 1892, Bartók formed a friendship with what important musician?
Ernö Dohnányi

When and why did Bartók emigrate to the United States?
He emigrated in 1940 to avoid the political turmoil cased by Nazi Germany’s designs on Hungary.

SCHOENBERG, “Der Mondfleck” (“Moonfleck”), no. 18 from Pierrot Lunaire (Moonstruck Pierrot) (1912)
Chamber Music, Through-Composed, Sehr rasche, Triple Meter

crazy person talking

Who is the composer of this work?
Arnold Schoenberg

What is the title of this piece?
“Der Mondfleck” (“Moonfleck”), no. 18 from Pierrot Lunaire

To what style does this music belong?
Atonal

What singing style does this music employ?
Sprechstimme

Listen again to “Der Mondfleck” (“Moonfleck”), no. 18, from Pierrot Lunaire (Moonstruck Pierrot) by Schoenberg and answer the following questions.
What is this song about?
The insanity of the Vietnam War
A sad clown who is obsessed with the moon and its light on his black jacket Correct
The fact that the moon has a dark side that we never see
The beauty of the moon on an August night

Does the mood of the music reflect the meaning of the text?
Yes, the use of military-sounding snare drums conveys the theme of war.
Yes, it is beautiful and dreamy.
Yes, it sounds upsetting and obsessive. Correct
Not really, because it should have more of a sense of mystery than it does.

What is the voice type of the singer, and what kind of vocal technique is used?
Alto, using a folk-sounding voice that almost sounds like the singer has no classical training
Bass, using bel canto technique
Tenor, using bel canto technique
Soprano, using sprechstimme technique Correct

What instruments accompany the singer?
Mostly percussion instruments
Piano, piccolo, clarinet, violin, and cello Correct
The accompaniment is all electronic.
A string orchestra

What is the form of this piece?
Scherzo and trio
There are no repeated sections, so it could be called through-composed form. Correct
Theme and variations
Sonata with the repeated exposition section

How does this piece end?
The piano finishes the piece alone.
Very abruptly, without a real sense of completion Correct
By gradually fading out
With a buildup of intensity on the snare drum and a sudden pop that sounds like a gunshot

If you were going to describe this composition to a friend, what might you say?
This should be played at an anti-war rally.
This piece could be played as background music in a horror movie. Correct
This is a beautiful, romantic piece that shows us that the spirit of the nineteenth century lived on into the early twentieth century.
This sounds like a folk song that could be sung to acoustic guitar or banjo accompaniment.

Who is the composer of this work?
Anton Webern

WEBERN, Five Pieces for Orchestra, op. 10, third movement (1928)
Orchestral Music, Sehr Langsam, Meter Varies

mandolin sounds violin enters, a chime on every note

What is the title of this piece?
Five Pieces for Orchestra, op. 10, III

What impresssion does this music excerpt give?
A sparse texture, with an introspective mood

How is this music best described?
Slow and quiet

Listen for the violin melody that follows the pulsating introduction. How many notes do you hear in that violin melody?

Is the horn melody here conjunct (notes are close together) or disjunct (notes are far apart)?

How is the music in this passage similar to the music you heard at the beginning of the piece?

What instrument concludes the movement?

Four

Disjunct

The soft, pulsating sounds return.

The snare drum

Listen to each clip below. Decide whether the music in each clip is best described as atonal or tonal, and categorize it accordingly.
see vid 2

Match the term or name with the appropriate description below.

A system developed to replace traditional harmony and tonality.

Alban Berg’s well-known expressionist opera about cynicism, helplessness, and depression.

Music that has no defined key or pitch center.

Famous song cycle by Arnold Schoenberg (based on poems by Albert Giraud) that abandoned traditional harmony.

A compositional technique that uses chromatic tones in a specific order so as to avoid tonality.
Technique that resulted in a half-sung, half-spoken vocal line.

An example of Anton Webern’s extremely economical and focused approach to composition.

Artistic movement made up of experimental and forward-thinking artists.

The basic building block of dodecaphony, made up of non-repeating notes.

Serialism

Wozzeck

Atonal

Pierrot Lunaire

Twelve tone

Sprechstimme

Five Pieces for Orchestra

Avant-garde

Tone row

Who composed Wozzeck?
Alban Berg

Which two composers influenced the early compositions of Schoenberg?
Brahms and Wagner

Where did Schoenberg go in 1925, and why did he go there?
He went to Berlin to teach composition at the State Academy of the Arts.

Define Sprechstimme.
Literally, “speech voice.” This technique is half-sung, half-spoken. It was created by Schoenberg and used in twentieth-century works by several composers.

Which of the following composers was not a leader in the development of serialism?
Zemlinksy

Music that has no tonal center is called
atonal

When and why did Schoenberg emigrate to the United States?
He emigrated in 1933, and he was dismissed from his post because he was Jewish.

Which composer’s total body of work is less than five hours of music?
Anton Webern

Which composer created Pierrot Lunaire, and when did he create it?
Schoenberg in 1912

Music that is new and experimental is often called
avant-garde.

Which school in the United States hired Schoenberg as a faculty member?
University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA)

When the twentieth century arrived, it seemed like anything and everything was acceptable in the quest for musical innovation. Many different
styles emerged and created a wide variety of concert music. Listen to each clip below, identify the style of the music, and classify the clip
accordingly.
see vid 3