chapter 21.1 plant cells and tissues

the most common type of plant cell – stores starch, oils, and water
parenchyma cell

cells more commonly found in younger tissues of leaves. they are flexible and stretchy
collenchyma cell

the strongest basic plant cell. Has a second wall hardened by lignin
sclerenchyma cell

Plant tissues are made up of 3 basic types of “cells”
1. parenchyma cell
2. collenchyma cell
3. sclerenchyma cell

Plant organs are made up of 3 “tissue systems”
1. dermal
2. ground
3. vascular tissue

A plant tissue that covers the ouside of a plant and protects it
dermal tissue

plant tissue that is made up of parenchyma cells in the non woody parts of plants
dermal tissue

much of the inside of a plant that

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is surrounded by dermal tissue
ground tissue

provides support and stores materials in roots and stems
ground tissue

in leaves ground tissue is packed with
chloroplasts

photosynthesis makes food for the plant in the
chloroplasts

transports water, mineral nutrients, and organic compounds to all parts of the plant
vascular tissue

name the two networks of vascular tissue
1. xylem
2. phloem

the name for the vascular tissue that carries water and dissolved mineral nutrients from the roots to the rest of the plant
xylem

the name for the vascular tissue that carries the products of photosynthesis through the plant
phloem

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