Chapter 20 APUSH Review

Flashcard maker : Pat Coker
Where was the Democratic Party strongest in the late 19th century?
Upper Midwest
Why was the 1892 election significant to US history?
The Populist party showed it was a potential threat to the Republican and Democratic parties.
How did William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer change the newspaper industry?
They competed for readers by writing sensationalized stories that captured the reader’s attention.
Which of the following statements accurately describes voter participation during the late 19th century?
It was generally very high–usually from 80% up to 95%.
Why did the federal govt. tend to ignore the social consequences of industrialization during the late nineteenth century?
Most American leaders, regardless of party, believed in the laissez-faire doctrine and did not support a large governmental role in the economy.
Who became famous for the \”Cross of Gold\” speech in the 1896 presidential election?
William Jennings Bryan
The civil-service reformers of the late 1870s and early 1880s wanted
a civil service staffed by gentlemen who needed nothing and wanted nothing from government except the satisfaction of using their talents.
What did the Pendleton Act do?
It initiated civil-service reform.
Josiah Strong influenced American imperialism at the end of the 19th century because he
asserted that the US had a moral responsibility to civilize other races
What happened to James Garfield’s presidency?
It never really got started because he was assassinated soon after coming to office.
What was the Grange (the Patrons of Husbandry)?
It was an organization of farmers.
Which of the following is associated with the administration of Benjamin Harrison?
A record-high tariff
Which of the following was NOT a goal of the Populist party?
It wanted to raise the protective tariff
Which of the following was NOT a tool that southern states used to disenfranchise blacks after Reconstruction?
Outright legal prohibitions
What did the separate but equal doctrine mean?
As long as facilities were equivalent, they did not have to be integrated.
What was the main importance of the government’s establishment of the Interstate Commerce Commission?
It ended the ability of states to regulate railroads within their boundaries.
What did the Supreme Court argue in Plessy v. Ferguson?
The separate but equal facilities for the different races were constitutional.
What did Booker T. Washington argue?
That black Americans should work hard, develop personally, and refrain from open rebellion.
What was the main issue in the 1896 presidential election?
Free silver
In the 1880s and 1890s, why did many Americans argue that the US should take a more expansionist role in the world?
Many believed that for the US to be a great nation, it had to have an empire; Many believed that American economic health depended on finding overseas markets for American products; Many believed that Americans had a mission to bring Christianity and civilization to the world’s weaker races; Many believed that a great nation had to have a great navy, and a great navy needed bases abroad; ALL OF THESE.
Which of the following was not a reason for the strengthening of American ties to Hawaii in the late 19th century?
Relations with the Hawaiian throne
Who wrote The Influence of Sea Power on History?
Alfred Thayer Mahan
The Teller amendment asserted that United States had
no desire for control of Cuba
How did the US deal with Cuba in the years after the Spanish-American War?
It kept American troops in Cuba for a number of years; It improved public health, education, and sanitation on the island; It asserted the rights to intervene in Cuba when it was necessary; It established a permanent naval base on the island; ALL OF THESE
What happened in the Philippines after the Spanish-American War?
Filipino resistance fighters fought a protracted and bloody guerrilla war against US rule.

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