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History Chapter 20 Answers

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From the end of the Civil War to the turn of the century:
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the value of manufactures increased sixfold
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A transcontinental railroad was not built before the Civil War because:
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North-South sectional differences prevented Congress from selecting a route
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The first transcontinental railroad:
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was built by the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroads
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Who initially backed the Edison Electric Illuminating Company?
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J.P. Morgan
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The Pennsylvania oil rush:
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outweighed, in economic importance, the California gold rush of a decade before
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Which of the following best accounts for the success of Standard Oil?
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Its corporate structure-known as vertical integration-allowed the company to grow tremendously.
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Andrew Carnegie:
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made money in many areas, including oil, railroads, iron and steel, and bridge building
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What industry was “the first big business, the first magnet for the great financial markets, and the first industry to develop a large-scale management bureaucracy?
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Railroads
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When it came to steel, Andrew Carnegie did all of the following EXCEPT:
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have technical expertise in it
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The first billion-dollar corporation was:
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United States Steel
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During the Gilded Age, the rich were getting richer and:
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a lot of other people were at least better off
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The Molly Maguires:
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aimed to right the perceived wrongs against Irish coal workers
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The Workingmens party of California:
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was based on anti-Chinese sentiment
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The National Labor Union:
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persuaded Congress to enact an eight-hour workday
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The Knights of Labor declined for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
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Uriah S. Stephens, its president, died in 1879
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The Haymarket affair:
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was blamed, probably unfairly,on seven anarchist leaders
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The American Federation of Labor:
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was concerned more with concrete economic gains than with social or political reforms
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The Homestead strike:
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took place in Pennsylvania
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The Pullman strike ended:
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after mail cars were attached to Pullman cars
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Daniel De Leon:
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was the leading figure in the Socialist Labor party
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Which of the following statements about the Socialist party of America is not true?
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Its support was confined to industrial workers in the Northeast.
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William D. “Big Bill” Haywood:
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was the leader of the Industrial Workers of the World
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Most of the single men who endured low wages and dangerous conditions to build the Central Pacific Railroad were:
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Chinese
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Jay Gould was:
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the most notorious of the railroad “robber barons”
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John D. Rockefeller:
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became a leading philanthropist
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Sears, Roebuck and Company was a pioneer in:
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selling goods by mail
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For industrial workers in Gilded Age America:
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working and living conditions remained precarious
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The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 ws provoked by:
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wage cuts that followed a depression
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Violence erupted at the Homestead Works in 1892 when:
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Henry Frick tried to break a strike by bringing in Pinkertons
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President Grover Cleveland’s response to the Pullman strike was to:
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send federal troops to keep the trains running
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The state that gave the highest prcentage vote to the Socialist presidential candidate in 1912 was:
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Oklahoma
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The IWW was effectively destroyed when it:
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opposed American involvement in World War 1
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After her family died, Mother Jones moved to ________.
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Chicago
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Credit Mobilier was:
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a construction company that overcharged the railroads
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The work of Cornelius Vanderbilt helps emphasize that:
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business consolidation put the control of railroads in few hands
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Nikola Tesla’s invention of the alternating-current motor did all of the following EXCEPT:
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made it possible for Edison to defeat Westinghouse
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Marxism, one strain of socialism, was imported to the United States mainly by:
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Germans
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Unlike Rockefeller and Carnegie, J. Pierpont Morgan:
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was born to wealth
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Joe Hill, the labor organizer, was NOT:
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buried in the Kremlin wall
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The Pinkertons were ______ who were often used to __________.
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“detectives” and security guards; control workers
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Federal and state government leaders after the Civil War actively encouraged the growth of business by doing all of the following EXCEPT
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providing prison labor to railroad companies
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The Knights of Labor
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sought for men and women to have equal pay
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The greatest growth of the Knights of Labor took place
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in the mid-1880s, when the union had several successful strikes against the railroads
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Thomas Alva Edison invented the
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first successful incandescent light bulb
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Holding companies
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are firms that control the stock of other companies
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Mary “Mother Jones” Harris promoted all of the following causes except:
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temperance
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Which of the following best captures public sentiment about the Great Railroad Strike of 1877?
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Public opinion shifted from sympathy to condemnation as people blamed the strikers for looting and violence
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Tension between labor and management in the late nineteenth century:
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helped generate interest in the doctrine of anarchism
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The Knights of Labor:
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sought to organize all types of workers
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Membership in the American Federation of Labor at first
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grew slowly