Chapter 17:3 providing first aid for bleeding and wounds

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First aid for wounds must be directed between controlling ( ) and preventing ( )
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Bleeding Infection
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Abrasion
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Scrape on the skin
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Incision
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Cut or injury by sharp object
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Laceration
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Jagged irregular injury with tearing
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Puncture
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Wound caused by sharp pointed object
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Avulsion
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Tissue torn or separated from the body
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Amputation
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Body part cut off
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Signs and symptoms of arterial bleeding
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Spurts from wound, results in heavy blood loss, and is bright red
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S&S of venous bleeding
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Slower, steadier, and dark red or maroon blood loss
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S&S of capillary bleeding
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“Oozes” from the wound slowly, is less red than arterial blood and clots easily
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What are the 4 methods for controlling bleeding in order
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Direct pressure, elevation, pressure bandage, and pressure points
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Name 2 items that can be used as a protective barrier while controlling bleeding
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Gloves, plastic wrap
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What is the main pressure point in the arm?
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Brachial artery
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What is the main pressure point in the leg?
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Femoral artery
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How can you prevent infection while caring for minor wounds w/out severe bleeding
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Wash hands throughly before treating, put on gloves to avoid contamination, use soap and water and sterile gauze to wash the wound, rinse the wound throughly with cool water
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Signs of infection
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Swelling, heat, fever, pus, red streaks, redness, pain,
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What first aid is necessary when tetanus infection is possible?
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Obtain info on patients last tetanus shot and get medical advice regarding the protection of the shot or booster
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How should objects embedded deep in the tissues be removed?
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Leave in the skin and removed by a physician
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S&S of a closed wound
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Pain, tenderness, drop in BP, swelling, discomfort, deformity, excessive thirst, cold & clammy skin, rapid & weak pulse, vomiting blood
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What are some first aid treatments for a closed wound?
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Check breathing, treat for shock, avoid unnecessary movement, avoid giving food or fluids to the victim

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