Chapter 17-18 review

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Earth at the center of the universe of concentric spheres
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Ptolemaic system
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First European to study stars using a telescope
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Galileo Galilei
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The intellectuals of the enlightenment
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Philosophes
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Developed a philosophy based on the idea \”I think, before I am\”
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René Descartes
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Blank mind
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Tabula rasa
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Idea that the state should not interfere with the economy
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Laissez-faire
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Architect of the Church of the Fourteen Saints
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Balthasar Neumann
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Commander in chief of the Continental Army
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George Washington
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The American nation’s first constitution
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Articles of Confederation
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Ten Commandments that guaranteed certain freedoms
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Bill of Rights
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… was the first to argue that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe
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Nicholas Copernicus
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Isaac Newton’s universal law of gravitation …
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Showed how one law could explain all motion in the universe
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Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, believed scientist should …
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Use inductive reasoning
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John Locke’s ideas suggest that people were …
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Molded by their experiences
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To Voltaire and many other philosophes, the universe was …
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Like a clock
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In Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s concept of a social contract,
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An entire society agrees to be governed by its general will
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… composed the Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni, three of the world’s greatest operas.
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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As a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1763,
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France gained control of Great Britain’s holdings in India in exchange for French territories in North America
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… was the first country to grant diplomatic recognition to the new American state
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France
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The Constitutional Convention began as …
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a meeting of delegates to revise the Articles of Confederation
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France’s chief tax
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taille
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demanded equal political rights for women from the new French National Assembly
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Olympe de Gouges
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Lawmaking body established by the constitution of 1791
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Legislative Assembly
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Radical political group made up of the sans-culottes
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Paris Commune

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