Chapter 14 First Aid

question

Poisoning is the______ cause of accidental death in the United States
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third leading
question

Toxic dusts, gaes, and fumes are poisons that enter the body through:
answer

inhalation
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How many of all poisiong incidents involve drugs?
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two-thirds
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What is the number on cause of accidental death among children?
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poisiong
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Which of the following questions should you ask the victim or bystanders when taking a history from a poisoning victim?
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When was it swallowed?
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To manage a poisoning victim correctly, it is important to get:
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a relevant history
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Which of the following might suggest poisoning by ingestion?
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Acute abdominal pain
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The incidence of food poisoning is:
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low
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After activating the EMS system, the next strep in providing first aid care to a poisoned victim is to:
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maintain the airway
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In some cases, poison control professionals will instruct you to:
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administer activated charcoal to absorb the poison
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Which of the following would NOT be used to treat a poisoning victim?
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collodial oatmeal
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the adult dose activated charcoal is:
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20 grams/kilograms of body weight
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In which of the following cases would you NOT give activated charcoal as part of your treatment?
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the victim has swallowed gasoline
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Activated charcoal should be used for victims who have ___ a poison
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Ingested
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Under which of the following circumstance should you NOT give activated charcoal to a victim>?
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if the victim has swallowed acids and alkalies
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Activated charcoal woks by_____ contaminants
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absorbing
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Most toxic inhalations occur as a result of
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carbon monoxide
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Which of the following it NOT true concerning carbon monoxide poisoning?
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Carbon monoxide poisoning causes 25 percent of all poisoning deaths in the U.S. each year
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The initial signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are similar to those of:
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the flu
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Which of the following is a sign or symptom of high-level exposure to carbon monoxide?
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Chest pain
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After activating the ME system, the next priority when calling for victim of inhaled poisons is to:
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get the victim into fresh air
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IF you suspect the victim has inhaled carbon monoxide, move the victim at least ___ feet from the suspected source of the carbon monoxide
answer

150
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What position is best for a victim of inhaled poison if there are no contraindicating injuries?
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PRone
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Most common injected poisons come from:
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insect stings
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Injected poisons usually cause____ reaction at the injection site:
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an immediate
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When providing first aid care for a victim of injected poison, after activating the EMS system you should next:
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maintain the victims’s airway
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The greatest danger from injected poison is:
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anaphylactic shock
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Which of the following is a sign or symptom of absorbed poisons?
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itching or irritation
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Stinging nettles cause intense burning or stinging pain, After washing with soap and water, you are advised to apply:
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antibiotic ointment to the skin.
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The poisonous element of poison ivy is:
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urushiol
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Poisons can enter the body through ingestion, intention, injection, or absorpition
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Flase
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The goal of the first aid care for swallowed poisons is to rid the body of the poisons before it enters the intestinal ttracts
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Flase
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Half of all plant poisonings are caused by mushrooms
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True
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If all signs and symptoms of a poisoned victim have been controlled, the victim generally does not need to see a physician
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Flase
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Food poisoning is difficult to detect because the sings and symptoms vary greatyl
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True
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IF you suspect food poisoning, give the victim milk or ice cream to neutralize the poision
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Flase
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The body absorbs inhaled poisons very rapidly, so immediate care is critical
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True
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It is best to use activated charcoal in the powder form because it strays active longer than the pre-mixed
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False
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Activated charcoal is the treatment of choice for victims of swallowed poisons
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True
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You must administer activated charcoal immediately to a victim of alcohol or gasoline ingestion to rid the body of the product
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Flase
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Charcoal briquettes used for outdoor cooking can be crushed up and ingested for an ingested poisoning victom
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False
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The signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning change with time and intensity of the poisoning
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True
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IF people are pets in the same enviroment share the same symptoms, you should suspect carbon monoxide poisoning
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True
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Bee venom from a honeybee is an example of an absorbed poison
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False
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Stinging nettles cause intense burning or stinging pain
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True
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Absorbed poisons generally cause burns, lesions, and inflammation
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true
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Urushiol is slightly light-blue oil that causes poison ivy reactions
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Flase
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The more skin affected by an absorbed poison, the greater the need for medical attention
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Ture

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