Chapter 14-2

Nazi- Soviet Nonaggression Pact
Germany and Soviet agreement that promised not to attack one another and secretly agreed to invade and divide Poland and recognize each other’s territorial ambitions
Blitzkrieg
“Lightning war”, new style of warfare that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy territory
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers
Britain, France and eventually soviet Union, U.S, and China
Winston Churchill
Prime minister who cautioned Parliament “wars are not won by evacuations”
Battle of Britain “the Blitz”
Germany bombed civilian was well as military targets, destroying houses, factories, and churches and conducted a months-long bombing campaign against London
Nye Committee Report
discovered little hard evidence, its findings suggested that “Merchants of death”– American bankers and arms manufactures–had indeed pulled the U.S in world war 1
Neutrality Act of 1939, including cash-and- carry
included a cash-and-carry provision allowing belligerent nations to buy goods and arms in the U.S if they pid cash and carried merchandise on their own ships
American First committee; Charles Lindbergh
an isolationist group, held rallies and sponsored speech that criticized Roosevelt’s openly pro-British policies and Lindbergh became the leading isolationist voice
Tripartite Pact
Germany, Italy, Japan signed this and became allies (won’t fight each other, but fight with each other)
Selective Service Act of 1940
peacetime draft– providing for the military training of 1.2 million troops and 800,000 reserve troops each year
“Four Freedoms” speech
freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want,and freedom from fear– that were threatened by Nazi and Japanese militarism
lend- lease act
authorized Roosevelt to “sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government defense article” whenever he thought it was “necessary in the interests of the defense of the U.S”
Atlantic Charter
document that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of “general security” signaled the deepening alliances between the two nations
How did americans react to events in Europe and Asia in the early years of World War II
Americans were alarmed, but wanted to try to avoid war.
Describe the course of World War II in Europe until the end of 1940
Germany used blitzkrieg against the British
How did FDR Good neighbor Policy alter the previous “Big Stick” Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
FDR wanted to increase trade and strengthen the influence on Latin America
Why did members of the America First Committee believe that the United States should avoid war with Germany
They believed that the Soviet Union and Japan were greater threats to U.S security than Germany was.
What was the purpose of the neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937, and how were they modified by the Neutrality act of 1939?
They were supposed to impose certain restrictions on Americans during war times and didn’t allowed citizens to make loans.
FDR gave Britain 50 old battleships in exchange for 8 British military bases ( called the “Destroyer for Bases Deal” ) why do you think FDR did this
FDR wanted land rights and to acquire more land to use/own.
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