Chapter 13 Practice Test

question

B
answer

Psychotherapies that attempt to change disordered behavior directly are known as _______ therapies. A) insight B) action C) biomedical D) psychoanalytic
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B
answer

In the sixteenth century, purging or _________ was sometimes used as a means to rid the body of physical impurities so that the person’s mind and soul could improve. A) ice bathing B) bloodletting C) beating D) spiritual cleansing
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A
answer

In _______, a psychoanalyst encourages the patient to talk about whatever comes to mind. A) free association B) dream interpretation C) resistance D) transference
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C
answer

The psychoanalyst knows that repressed information is just “below the surface” of the conversation when the patient begins to experience ________. A) free association B) dream interpretation C) resistance D) transference
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A
answer

Compared to tradition psychoanalysis, modern psychodynamic therapy is ____________ A) more directive B) less directive C) more action oriented D) more focused on the id
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C
answer

Humanistic that therapies are different from psychoanalysis because the humanistic therapies are ________ A) more directive B) action oriented C) focused only on conscious thoughts behavior D) insight therapies
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A
answer

Which of the following is not one of the four basic elements of Rogers’s person-centered therapy? A) conditional positive regard B) empathy C) reflection D) authenticity
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C
answer

Which of the following types of therapy makes the greatest use of body language? A) psychoanalysis B) person-centered therapy C) Gestalt therapy D) Rogerian therapy
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C
answer

Nicole’s therapist has her talk to an empty chair and pretend she is talking to her father. Nicole’s therapist is most likely a ______ therapist. A) psychodynamic B) person-centered C) Gestalt D) Freudian
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B
answer

Cade is trying to stop biting his fingernails. He wears a rubber band around each of his wrists and, whenever he finds himself biting his nails, he snaps the band. Cade is using a form of ________ to modify his nail-biting behavior A) systematic desensitization B) aversion therapy C) flooding D) extinction
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C
answer

The reality television shows that deliberately force people to face their “worst fears” are most similar to which therapy technique? A) systematic desensitization B) aversion therapy C) flooding D) extinction
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D
answer

At Skinner Elementary School, teachers pass out “skinner bucks” to students who turn in papers on time, obey the teacher, and finish their homework. The paper “bucks” can be used at the end of the week to trade for special treats or game-playing time on the classroom computer. This system most resembles a ______ A) participant modeling technique B) contingency contract C) group extinction procedure D) token economy
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B
answer

Which of the following would be an unlikely strategy for a rational-emotive behavior therapist to use in treating a client? A) arguing with the client’s statements B) repeating what the client has just said without interpreting it C) giving the client homework D) pointing out irrational beliefs to the client
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B
answer

Maya is upset because her supervisor teased her about turning in her report itself and told Maya that her work was excellent, Maya remains unhappy. Beck would say that Maya is guilt of _______ A) arbitrary inference B) selective thinking C) personalization D) defective thinking
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C
answer

Which person might benefit the least from a group-therapy environment? A) Azul, who has a phobia of cats B) Richard, who has a drinking problem C) Jasmine, who is experiencing auditory hallucinations D) Elena, who suffers from depression
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A
answer

Six members of Nicole’s statistics class would meet every Saturday to go over their notes and try to figure out what the teacher had told them during his rambling lectures. If part of every Saturday’s session is spent sharing feelings about the teacher and venting their anger and resentment. Nicole’s study group could be said to serve as ____________. A) a support group B) family therapy C) an awareness training group D) a guided-discovery group
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B
answer

Which of the following statements about the effectiveness of psychotherapy is FALSE? A) in surveys 75 to 90 percent of people reported that therapy has helped them B) the longer a person stays in therapy, the less effective it is C) psychotherapy without drugs seems to work as well as psychotherapy with drugs D) no one psychotherapy is effective for all disorders
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A
answer

For psychotherapy to be effective, ___________. A) the therapist must provide a protected setting for clients to reveal their feelings B) the therapist should maintain emotional distance from the client C) clients and therapists should avoid warmth in their relationship D) therapists should choose one style of therapy for all of their clients
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D
answer

Of the following, all are potential barriers to effective therapy listed by Sue and Sue (2008) when the culture or ethnic background of therapist and client are different except ____________. A) language B) cultural values C) social class D) age
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D
answer

The newest drugs being developed to treat psychotic symptoms are the _______________. A) typical neuroleptics B) atypical neuroleptics C) anticonvulsants D) partial dopamine agonists
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B
answer

For which disorders have antidepressants NOT been used? A) panic disorder B) dissociative amnesia C) obsessive-compulsive disorder D) post-traumatic stress disorder
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C
answer

Electroconvulsive shock therapy is useful in preventing suicide attempts because it _________. A) is more effective than drug therapies B) has few negative side effects C) works more quickly than antidepressants D) makes people happy
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C
answer

The risk of permanent brain damage is greatest with ___________. A) cybertherapy B) ECT C) psychosurgery D) bilateral ECT
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A
answer

Larisa is going to a therapist to gain a better understanding of what makes her do the things she does. This type of therapy is known as _______. A) insight B) action C) behavioral D) biomedical
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D
answer

It was _______ who is most credited with the “moral treatment” movement for using kindness and guidance with the mentally ill. A) sigmund frued B) josef breuer C) jean martin charcot D) philippe pinel
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c
answer

The actual content of a dream is the ________ content, according to freud A) repressed B) latent C) manifest D) sexual
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C
answer

A psychoanalyst may rely on the technique of ________, which allows the patient to talk about anything that comes to mind. A) positive transference B) negative transference C) free association D) dream analysis
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D
answer

In _________, a person centered therapist must show an honest and open response to the client and not hide behind the professional role of therapist. A) reflection B) unconditional positive regard C) empathy D) Authenticity
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C
answer

Gestalt therapy differs from person-centured therapy because _________. A) it is based in humanistic theory B) it focuses on the unconscious mind C) it is directive rather than nondirective D) it is an insight therapy
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D
answer

What kind of person would probably get the least benefit from a humanistic therapy? A) on who is bright but confused about self-image B) one who is very talkative and open in discussing feelings C) one who enjoys exploring the inner workings of the mind D) one who has a hard time putting things into words in a logical manner
question

A
answer

Lashonna was afraid of dogs. She wanted to get over this fear, so she began by thinking about seeing a dog but staying calm. Then she walked past her neighbor’s dog in its fenced yard until she no longer felt afraid. Next, she visited a pet store and petted a dog while the salesperson held it. Finally, she brought herself a puppy and was no longer afraid. Lashonna’s method is most like _________. A) systematic desensitization B) aversion therapy C) flooding D) extinction
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C
answer

When the exposure to a feared object is rapid and intense rather than slow and gradual, it is called ___________. A) systematic desensitization B) aversion therapy C) flooding D) extinction
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D
answer

Yvonne sat down with her daughter, Camille, and together they wrote out a list of things that Camille was expected to do each day and the rewards she would get if she accomplished them, as well as the penalties she would face if she did not do them. This is most like which technique? A) token economy B) time-out C) extinction D) contingency contracting
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C
answer

Which therapy style can be compared to a drill sergeant-private style of therapeutic relationship? A) person-centered B) Gestalt C) rational-emotive behavioral D) cognitive
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A
answer

Which of the following is not one of the three goals of cognitive-behavioral therapy? A) helping the client gain insight B) relieving the symptoms and resolving the problems C) helping the client develop strategies for future problem solving D) helping the client to think in a more rational, self-helping way
question

A
answer

Stephan sees a text message from a phone number he does not recognize on his girlfriend’s phone. He immediately assumes his girlfriend is seeing someone else and the phone number belongs to that person. Beck would say that Stephan has engaged in what type of distorted thinking? A) arbitrary inference B) selective thinking C) overgeneralization D) personalization
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A
answer

Which of the following is a disadvantage of group therapy? A) clients share the therapist’s time B) clients see how other people have handled the problem C) clients get social support from others D) clients interact with others socially
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D
answer

When Carson began acting out, her parents took her to a therapist who suggested that her parents may have caused the problem by using the wrong kind of discipline. The kind of therapy that might best help Carson would probably be ____________. A) a support group of other disturbed children B) an insight therapy C) a cognitive therapy D) family therapy
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A
answer

Which of the following is not of of the problems in studying the effectiveness of psychotherapy? A) all therapies take the same amount of time to be effective B) an insight therapy C) some therapies measure success differently and are not easily evaluated D) there may be experimenter bias
question

D
answer

Cindy is a white, upper-middle-class graduate student in clinical psychology doing her first internship in juvenile court. Her first client is an angry 15-year-old African American boy. Which of the following might be barriers to effective therapy in this situation? A) social class B) nonverbal communication C) cultural values D) all of these might be barriers
question

C
answer

When a person or an antipsychotic drug develops repetitive, involuntary jerks and movements of the face, lips, legs, and body, this is called_______. A) the “Thorazine” shuffle B) neuroleptic syndrome C) tardive dyskinesia D) psychotic syndrome
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A
answer

The use of anti-anxiety drugs to treat anxiety disorders is gradually being phased out in favor of treatment with _____________ drugs A) anti-depressant B) anti-manic C) anti-psychotic D) sedative
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D
answer

Which neurotransmitter is not one of the three that seems to be involved in depression and the drugs that treat depression? A) norepinephrine B) antimanic C) dopamine D) epinephrine
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C
answer

Before the use of electricity, seizures were induced in psychotic patients by means of ____________. A) ice-cold water B) bloodletting C) camphor D) opium
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B
answer

In bilateral anterior cingulotomy ___________. A) the front of the brain is cut away from the back B) a thin wire electrode is used to destroy a small area of brain tissue C) an electric shook is used to stimulate certain areas of the brain D) a drug is injected into the brain to destroy a small area of brain tissue
question

D
answer

Virtual reality (VR) techniques have been useful in the treatment of which of the following disorders? A) phobias B) mania C) post-traumatic stress disorders D) both a and c

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