Chapter 11 Vocabulary (Forestry and Resource Management)

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resource management
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using resources without depleting them
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maximum sustainable yield (MSY)
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the amount of a resource that can be harvested without reducing the amount of future harvests
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ecosystem-based management
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harvesting resources in ways that minimize the impact on the ecosystems that provide them
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adaptive management
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a customized approach to managing resources that has been developed through scientific testing
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even-aged
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a condition in timber plantations in which all the trees are the same age
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uneven-aged
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a condition in timber plantations in which trees are all different ages
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clear-cutting
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a method of harvesting trees in which all trees in an area are cut at once
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seed-tree approach
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a method of harvesting trees in which a small number of mature and healthy seed-producing trees are left standing so they can reseed an area that has been logged
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shelterwood approach
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a method of harvesting trees in which a small number of mature trees are left in place to provide shelter for seedlings as they grow
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selection system
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a method of harvesting trees in which only some of the trees in a forest are cut at one time
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deforestation
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clearing a forest for another land use
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old-growth forest
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a forest that has never been logged
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multiple use
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a policy that states that the national forests must serve a number of uses (e.g., recreation, wildlife habitat, mining, grazing, and timber)
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monoculture
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the large-scale plantings of a single crop
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prescribed burn
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the process of setting fire to an area of forest under carefully controlled conditions; also called controlled burn
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salvage logging
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the removal of dead trees following a natural disturbance
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sustainable forestry certification
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formal recognition by an organization (e.g., the International Organization for Standardization, the Sustainable Forestry Initiative, and the Forest Stewardship Council) that a product has been produced using methods and materials the organization considers to be sustainable
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selection system
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deforestation
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