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Chapter 11 General Psychology

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1. Authoritarian 2. Authoritative- firm, fair, flexible, willing to change as child grows 3. Permissive- indulgent; can’t say no 4. Conditional Regard- I will only love you if.. 5. Unconditional Positive Regard
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Parenting Styles
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the different ways in which people act, feel, and think
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What is personality?
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if it feels good to do it, do it… part of the personality present at birth and conscious
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ID
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acts as a moral center
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Superego
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part of the superego that produces guilt, depending on how acceptable the behavior is
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conscience
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ways of dealing with stress through unconsciously changing ones perception of reality
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psychological defense mechanisms
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immediate satisfaction of needs without caring about any consequences
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pleasure principle
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sense of “I”; part of the personality that develops out of a need to deal with reality, mostly conscious, rational, and logical
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ego
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satisfaction of demands of the ID only when negative consequences are NOT involved
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reality principle
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focuses on the role of the unconscious mind in the development of personality -> how biological influences cause personality differences
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Freud Psychodynamic
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1. denial 2. repression 3. rationalization 4. projection 5. displacement 6. reaction formation 7. regression 8. identification 9. compensation 10. sublimation
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Defense Mechanisms
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conflicts not fully developed
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fixation
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developed a theory of a collective unconscious Personality Unconscious and Collective Unconscious
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Carl Jung
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in behaviorism, sets of well-learned responses that have become automatic
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habits
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learning theory that includes cognitive processes such as anticipating, judging, memory, and imitation of models
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social cognitive view
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a consisten, enduring way of thinking, feeling, or behaving
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trait
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emphasize the importance of the influence of other people’s behavior and one’s own expectation of learning
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social cognitive learning theorists
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Bandura’s explanation of how the factors of environment, personal characteristics, and behavior can interact to determine future behavior
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reciprocal determinism
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individuals expectancy of how effective one’s efforts to accomplish a goal will be in any particular circumstance
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self-efficacy
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a person’s feeling that a particular behavior will lead to reinforcing consequences
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expectancy
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the tendency for people to assume they either have control or do not have control over events or consequences in their lives
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locus of control
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focuses on the role of people’s life experiences and their choices in personality development
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humanistic perspective
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believed that people want to strive to fulfill their innate capabilities and capacities and to become everything that their genetic potential will allow them to become
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Carl Rogers
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the striving to fulfill one’s innate capacities and capabilities
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self actualizing tendency
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theories that endeavor to describe the characteristics that make up human personality in an effort to predict future behavior
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trait theories
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the image of oneself that develops from interactions with significant people in one’s life
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self concept
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an individual’s awareness of his/her own personal characteristics and level of functioning
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self
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one’s perception of actual characteristics, traits, and abilities
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real self
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a number representing a measure of intelligence, resulting from the division of one’s mental age by one’s chronological age, and then multiplying that quotient by 100; average IQ Score is 100 and it can change
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IQ; average?; can it change?
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mind- self awareness body- self regulation; self motivation heart- interpersonal self->empathy and compassion
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emotional intelligence; mind, body, heart
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developed a theory based on social rather than sexual relationships covering the entire life span
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Erikson