Chapter 10- Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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c. Albert Ellis.
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The founder of rational emotive behavior therapy is:
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e. cognitive-behavior/action orientedcategory of therapy?
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Rational emotive behavior therapy belongs to which category of therapy?
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c. thinking, judging, analyzing, and doing.
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The cognitive-behavioral approach to therapy stresses:
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d. activating event, belief, consequence.
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The correct components of the A-B-C theory of personality are:
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d. irrational thinking and behaving.
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REBT views emotional disturbances as the result of:
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A. blame
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According to REBT, what is the core of most emotional disturbance?
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d. do not need to be accepted and loved.
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REBT contends that people:
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c. “I must be kind to others or else I won’t be a good person.”
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Which of the following statements does not reflect one of Ellis’s three basic musts?
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b. the empirical method
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REBT employs what kind of method to help people resolve their emotional and behavioral problems?
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e. none of these
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The main therapeutic goal of REBT is:
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c. challenge clients to reevaluate their ideas and philosophy of life.
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The main function of the rational emotive behavior therapist is to:
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e. all of these.
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REBT can best be considered as:
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d. Judith Beck
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Who developed a cognitive behavioral program for diet and maintenance and has written trade books about this topic?
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c. student or learner.
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The role of the client in rational emotive behavior therapy is like that of a:
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e. free association
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Which method is not employed in REBT?
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a. Albert Ellis
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Which theorist is known for his or her abrasive, humorous, and flamboyant style?
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e. all of these
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Cognitive restructuring plays an important role in whose approach to therapy?
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d. its systematic exposition of irrational beliefs that result in emotional and behavioral disturbance.
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A feature of REBT that distinguishes it from other cognitive-behavioral therapies is:
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d. conducting a lifestyle assessment.
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Beck’s cognitive therapy involves all of the options below except:
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a. be taught to view any lapses that occur as “learning opportunities” rather than
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Sonia, a recovering alcoholic, is going through relapse prevention. During this process, it is likely that she will:
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a. conceptual-application-rehearsal
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Which of the following is the correct order of the three phases of Meichenbaum’s stress-inoculation program?
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a. we think of simple preferences as dire needs.
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According to Ellis, we develop emotional and behavioral difficulties because:
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c. the internal repetition of irrational sentences.
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An REBT therapist would contend that anxiety stems from:
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b. disputational method
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In REBT, what method is taught to clients to help them challenge irrational beliefs?
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b. It is characterized by full acceptance and tolerance.
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Which of the following is true about the relationship between a client and a rational emotive behavior therapist?
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b. cognitive homework
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Which of the following REBT techniques helps a client gradually learn to deal with anxiety and challenge basic irrational thinking?
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c. language shapes feelings.
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According to REBT, it is important to change the way one uses language because:
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e. rational-emotive imagery.
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The REBT technique that involves having clients imagine themselves in situations where they feel inappropriate feelings is called
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a. It is a way of surfacing unfinished business.
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Which of the following is not true about role playing in REBT?
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d. shame-attacking exercises
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Which REBT technique involves having the client do the very thing they avoid because of “what people might think?”
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c. it is an outgrowth of an approach used widely by crisis intervention workers called self-induced change therapy.
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All of the following are true as they apply to self-instructional therapy, except that:
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b. evaluating the anxiety level of the client by using both physiological and psychological tests
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Which of the following is not part of the five-step treatment procedure used in a coping-skills program?
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a. shame-attacking exercises.
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All of the following are cognitive methods of REBT except for:
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d. It asserts that irrational beliefs lead to emotional problems.
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Which of the following is not true of Beck’s cognitive therapy?
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c. the quality of the therapeutic relationship is basic to the therapy process.
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One of the main ways that Beck’s cognitive therapy differs from Ellis’s REBT is that in Beck’s approach, more so than in Ellis’s approach:
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d. inner speech
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In Meichenbaum’s cognitive behavior modification, what is given primary importance?
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e. tapping into the unconscious realm.
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Stress inoculation training consists of all of the following except:
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a. emphasis is placed on symptom prevention.
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One strength of cognitive behavioral therapy group counseling is that:
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c. assist individuals in making alternative interpretations of events in their daily living.
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In cognitive therapy, techniques are designed to:
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b. polarized thinking.
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The type of cognitive error that involves thinking and interpreting in all-or-nothing terms, or in categorizing experiences in either/or extremes, is known as:
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e. all of these
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Beck’s cognitive therapy differs from Ellis’s REBT in that Beck’s approach emphasizes:
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d. depression.
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Beck’s cognitive therapy has been most widely applied to the treatment of:
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b. the cognition deconstruction phase
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Which stage is not included in Meichenbaum’s model for stress inoculation training?
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c. arbitrary inferences.
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The cognitive distortion of making conclusions without supporting and relevant evidence is:
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e. personalization.
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The cognitive distortion that consists of forming conclusions based on an isolated detail of an event is:
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b. overgeneralization.
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The process of holding extreme beliefs on the basis of a single incident and applying them inappropriately to dissimilar events or settings is known as:
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e. personalization.
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The tendency for individuals to relate external events to themselves, even when there is no basis for making this connection, is known as:
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a. labeling and mislabeling.
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The cognitive distortion that involves portraying one’s identity on the basis of imperfections and mistakes made in the past and allowing them to define one’s true identity is:
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b. a psychoeducational model.
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To a large degree, cognitive therapy is:
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b. Beck
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The concept of automatic thoughts plays a central role in whose theory?
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c. confronting the musturbatory thinking of a client
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Of the following cognitive techniques, which one would Beck be least likely to employ?
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c. observing one’s behavior and thinking patterns.
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According to Meichenbaum, the first step in the change process involves:
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d. there are multiple realities and a therapist’s task is to help clients appreciate how they construct their realities and how they author their own stories.
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The constructivist perspective in cognitive therapy holds that:
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a. It is more structured and more directive than standard cognitive therapy.
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Which of the following is not a characteristic of Meichenbaum’s constructivist approach to cognitive behavior therapy?
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d. help Jim to see himself as a survivor of dysfunction who has thrived despite the barriers he has faced.
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Jim told Margie, a cognitive therapist who has adopted a constructivist perspective, that he
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d. all of these
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Cognitive behavioral therapists assist clients in using language that:
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a. There is an “almost perfect fit” between cognitive behavior therapy and multicultural counseling because these perspectives share common assumptions that make integration possible.
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Which of the following statements is true with regard to the fit between the cognitive behavioral approaches and multicultural counseling?
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d. impress Roberto with your use of jargon to reinforce that you are the expert.
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Roberto, who struggles with feeling inadequate as a provider and husband, has come to work with a cognitive behavioral therapist. In addition to feeling inadequate, he feels angry that he has been marginalized by the mainstream culture. As his therapist, you should do all of the following except:
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a. they have strong empirical support.
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A noteworthy strength of the cognitive behavioral approaches is:
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c. It is a pattern that triggers depression.
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To what does the term “cognitive triad” refer?
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True
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1. Ellis contends that research has shown that REBT is effective in helping all types of clients.
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False
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2. Ellis claims that his methods are applicable to individual therapy but that his approach does not work well in group therapy
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True
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3. Bibliotherapeutic approaches have empirical support for the treatment of depression, for a variety of anxiety disorders, and for a range of clinical problems.
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True
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4. Cognitive behavioral group therapy stresses the importance of homework outside of the therapy session.
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False
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5. Ellis maintains that REBT is an eclectic form of therapy
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True
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6. Ellis was originally trained as a psychoanalyst.
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True
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7. According to Ellis, events themselves do not cause emotional disturbances; rather it is our evaluation of these events that causes the problem
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True
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8. REBT hypothesizes that we keep ourselves emotionally disturbed by the process of self-indoctrination.
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True
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9. Ellis suggests that most clients attend both individual and group therapy at some point in time.
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False
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10. REBT contends that humans need the love and acceptance of significant others in order to feel worthwhile.
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True
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11. Part of Ellis’s motivation for developing REBT was to deal with his own problems.
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True
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12. The cognitive-behavioral therapies are largely based on the idea that the reorganization of clients’ self-statements is a key to changing their behavior
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False
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13. There is no concept in REBT that in any way agrees with Rogers’s idea of unconditional positive regard
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True
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14. Rational-emotive imagery involves teaching relaxation techniques
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False
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15. REBT can be effectively employed in crisis intervention.
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False
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16. According to REBT, what is rational corresponds to a description of subjective reality.
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True
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17. Beck’s therapeutic approach focuses on specific symptoms of depressed clients and the reasons they give for these symptoms.
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False
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18. Since humor shows the absurdity of certain ideas that clients steadfastly maintain, it is always inappropriate to use in sessions as it might be perceived as offensive.
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True
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19. Stress inoculation is a coping-skills approach designed to change a person’s self-statements
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True
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20. From a cognitive perspective, depression is largely due to one’s attitudes and beliefs.
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False
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21. There is little empirical support for the application of the cognitive behavioral approach to group counseling.
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True
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22. To varying degrees, most CBT interventions are integrated models of psychotherapy.
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True
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23. In family therapy contexts, cognitive behavior therapists are particularly interested in family schemata.
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True
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24. According to Beck, selective abstraction is used by clients to reinforce negative schemas and support their maladaptive core beliefs.
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True
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25. In CBT, clients and counselor jointly set the agenda for the therapy session.

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