Chapter 1: Psychology’s Roots, Big Ideas, and Critical Thinking Tools

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The cognitive perspective in psychology focuses on how
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people encode, process, store, and retrieve information.
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Which perspective most clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses?
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behavioral
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Humanistic psychologists focused attention on the importance of people’s
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potential for healthy growth.
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Which major force in psychology emphasized unconscious sexual conflicts?
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Freudian psychology
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Dr. Yoo studies why individuals conform to the behaviors and opinions of others. He is probably a
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social psychologist.
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Which perspective would help us to understand the impact of strokes and brain diseases on memory?
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neuroscience
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Research on human flourishing is the major focus of
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positive psychology.
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Contemporary psychology is best defined as the science of
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behavior and mental processes.
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Who was the American philosopher who authored a textbook in 1890 for the young discipline of psychology?
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William James
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Which perspective focuses on the extent to which our genes and our environments influence our individual differences?
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behavior genetics

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