Chapter 1: Biopsychology as a Neuroscience

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Neuroanatomy
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The study of the structure of the nervous system
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Neurochemistry
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The study of the chemical bases of the neural activity
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Neuroendocrinology
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The study of interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system
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Neuropathology
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The study of nervous system disorders
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Neuropharmacology
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The study of the effects of drugs on neural activity
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Neurophysiology
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The study of the functions & activities of the nervous system
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Donald Hebb developed the 1st comprehensive theory of how_________________________.
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complex psychological phenomena might be produced by brain activity
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Hebb based his theory on ______________.
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experiments on humans, animals, & clinical case studies
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Psychology os the scientific study of _______________.
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behavior
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The field that focuses on the study of the structure of the nervous system is __________________.
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Neuroanatomy
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The field that focuses on the study of the chemical bases of neural activity is _______________.
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Neurochemistry
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The study of biological processes by comparing different species is known as the _____________________.
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comparative approach
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An experiment that test a different group of subjects in each of the experimental conditions is said to use a(n) __________________.
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between-subjects design
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Lester & Gorzalka developed a clever way to control for that confounded variable?
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Sexual fatigue of males
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Quasiexperimental studies examine groups of subjects who have been _______________________.
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exposed to the ocnditions of interest in the real world
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Translational research
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aims to translate the findings of pure research into useful applications
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Physiological psychology
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studies the neural mechanisms of behavior through the direct manipulation and recording of the brain in controlled experiments
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Psychopharmacology
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focuses on manipulation of neural activity & behavior w/ drugs
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Neuropsychology
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psychological effects of brain damage in human patients
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Psychophysiology
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studies the relation between the physiological activity and psychological processes in human subjects
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EEG
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measure of brain activity
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ANS (autonomic nervous system)
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the division of the nervous system that regulates the body’s inner environment
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Cognitive neuroscience
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study of the neural bases of cognition (higher intellectu al processes such as thought, memory, attention & complex perceptual processes)
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Functional brain imaging
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recording images of the activity of the living human brain
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Comparative psychology
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deals generally w/ the biology of behavior, rather than specifically w/ the neural mechanisms of behavior
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Ethological research
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study of animal behavior in its natural environment
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Converging operations
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different approaches are focused on a single problem in such a way that the strengths of one approach compensate for the weaknesses of the others
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Scientific interference
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empirical method that biopsychologist & other scientists use to study the unobservable

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