Chapter 1. Biology: the science of life
The first step in the scientific method is
Characteristics that are shared by all _________ include: reproduce and develop, respond to stimuli, organization, maintain an internal environment, acquire materials and energy, adapt and evolve
The mechanism of evolution that causes a population to become better adapted to it’s environment is called________
Biology is the scientific study of___________
What are associated with prokaryotes?
Plasma membrane, Cell wall
When presented with new information, scientists are generally ______ and want to study and think about the information before developing an opinion.
A good _________ ensures that scientists are testing what they want to test, produces meaningful results
The scientific study of life is known as
Which theory enables scientists to understand the history of life
A group of organisms of the same species occupying a certain area form a _______
six basic taxa between domain and species largest to smallest
Kingdom, Phylum, class, order, family, genus
Variations in the information contained within the DNA of an organism are caused by ______
In the scientific method, the conclusion ________
Can lead to a new hypothesis, relates to the original hypothesis
The smallest unit that displays the properties of life is called a ______
An organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus and membranous organelles is called a __________
________ is the variation in life on earth, refers to number of different species, Most significant bioethical issue we face today
What is homeostasis?
The maintanence of normal internal conditions within certain boundaries
What contributes to climate change and global warming?
Burning fossil fuels, destruction of forests
The ability of an organism to make a copy of itself is called _______
The term _____ refers to the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
The statement made following an experiment as to whether or not a hypothesis is supported is called a _______
What describes a group of organs working together to carry out a specific set of functions?
The ________ enables the scientists to understand: Variety of organisms, anatomy, physiology, and development of organisms, history of life
theory of evolution
The capacity to do work is called _____
What is necessary for natural selection to occur in a natural breeding population?
heritable variations, competition for resources, more offspring than the environment can support
Ecosystems are characterized by the cycling of inorganic ______ and the flow of _______
An increase in the levels of the element ______ in the atmosphere is the primary cause of global warming
An evolutionary adaptation suits an organism to its _________
The results the biologist collects during an experiment are called _______
What contains ecosystems?
A _____ consists of two or more tissues functioning together for a specific task
The branch of Biology concerned with identifying, describing, and naming organisms is called ___________
Most scientific names are based off what language?
Emerging diseases might result from:
Changes in human behavior, new exposure to animal populations
What theory relates most closely to the coded information of heredity?
Prokaryotic organisms known as _____ live almost anywhere
The factor in the experiment that is being tested is called the experimental _______
The underlying concept in the field of biology, which explains the unity and diversity of living things, is ______
What are contained in a community?
What term in a binomial name may be abbreviated with a single letter?
_____ are most closely related to animals.
_____ is a field of study concerned with the development and consequences of biological technology
A ______ is a possible explanation for a natural event which is based on existing knowledge
In biology, the _____ theory states that all organisms are composed of cells
What group is comprised entirely of multicellular organism that ingest food?
A biological community and its associated physical environment comprise an ________
In science, a concept that is supported by a broad range of observations, experiments, and data is called a scientific _______
Genes are made up of _____, which provide the instructions for the organization and metabolism of the organism
Experimental design often involves comparing a test group to a ________ in order to determine the effects of the experimental variable
Methods of ______ include seeing by using microscopes, binoculars, or telescopes
What domains contains prokaryotes?
What is a characteristic of life?
The complete eradication of a species or larger classification category is called _______
The _______ is generally tested by the experiment
A multicellular organism characterized by muscle and nervous tissue and that undergoes development to achieve its final form is an _________
In an ecosystem, chemicals move from one organism to another through links in a ________
______ organisms and systems allow scientists to control specific variables and environmental conditions in a way that may not be possible in a natural environment
What eukaryotic group contains mainly unicellular organism?
The application of scientific knowledge for a practical purpose is called ______
________ reasoning uses creative thinking to combine isolated facts into a cohesive whole
In an ecosystem, as energy is transferred from one population to another, some of the energy is lost as ______
_______ is the science of classifying organisms according to their presumed evolutionary relationships