chap 6 – Flashcard

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the use of cocaine by members of the general public in europe was initially in the form of
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drinks, such as coca wine
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Dr. W.S Halsted the father of american surgery, experimented with cocaine’s ability to produce
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local anesthesia
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which famous physician studied cocaine as treatment for morphine dependence and depression
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sigmund frued
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the 1914 new your time article, “Negro cocaine ‘fiends’ are a new southern menace,”
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said that cocaine increased homicidal tendencies and improved marksmanship
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what did the 1914 Harrison act do?
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taxed importation and sale of coca, cocaine, and opium
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most illicit cocaine in the US is powder cocaine which is
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too stable to be smoked
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although national survey on drug use and health data indicates greater prevalence of illicit drug use among white americans, black americans represented more than 80% of those arrested for
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violation in federal crack cocaine laws
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int the text, the discussion of media depictions of powder cocaine use in the early 20th century and crack cocaine use in the 1980’s was used to illustrate that
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the US media and drug policies may target people of color disproportionately
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cocaines effects in the brain
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result from : blocking serotonin reuptake, blocking dopamine reuptake, blocking norepinephrine reuptake
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the most common way cocaine is used recreationally is by
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snorting
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what is cocaine still used for medically
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local anesthesia for nasal, laryngeal, and esophageal surgeries
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cocathylene is formed in the body when
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cocaine and alcohol are used together
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when lab animals are given unlimited opportunities to self-administer cocaine injection
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they will readily self administer it
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illicit cocaine come to the US primarily from
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south america
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amphetamine was developed initially as a substitute for a closely related chemical derived from the chinese herb plant ma huang. that chemical is
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ephedrine
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which of these was not one of the early medical uses for amphetamine first studies in the 1930’s
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treating anxiety
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during world war II, amphetamines were used to
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decrease fatigue by several nations militaries
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Illicit use of intravenous amphetamines first became a big public concern in
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the 1960’s
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crystal meth refers to
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meth crystals, which may be smoked
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studies of the mechanism of action of the amphetamines have focused mainly on
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release of norepinephrine and dopamine
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which of the following is true about the current use of amphetamines to treat depression
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amphetamines are used mostly as an adjunctive therapy
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the effect of amphetamines on weight control
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is real but small and limited in duration
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inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are characteristics of
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ADHD
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one non-stimulant medication that has been approved for ADHD does not appear to have abuse potential, Atomoxetine is sold under the brand name
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strattera
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one of the more disturbing side effects of treating ADHD with amphetamines or ritalin is
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decreased height and weight gains in children
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the ability of stimulants to improve mental performance
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depends on the complexity of the task and the dose
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paranoid psychosis can be produced by
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high doses of amphetamines

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