CH12 Flashcards

question

The process of creating and maintaining information systems is called ________.
answer

systems development
question

When compared to program development, systems development is ________.
answer

broader in scope
question

Which of the following statements is true of systems development?
answer

It requires business knowledge and an understanding of group dynamics.
question

Which of the following statements is true of information systems?
answer

They can be adapted to fit business needs.
question

Which of the following statements is true of systems development for bigger systems and longer projects?
answer

Changes in requirements are increased.
question

According to Brooks’ Law, adding more people to a late project ________.
answer

makes the project later
question

According to Brooks’ Law, which of the following is a consequence of adding more people to late projects?
answer

The costs of training new people can overwhelm the benefits of their contribution.
question

The ________ is the traditional process used to develop information systems.
answer

systems development life cycle (SDLC)
question

Which of the following is the first phase of the systems development life cycle?
answer

system definition
question

In the ________ phase of the systems development life cycle, developers use management’s statement of the system needs in order to develop a new information system.
answer

system definition
question

In which of the following phases of the systems development life cycle do developers identify the particular features and functions of a new system?
answer

requirements analysis
question

Which of the following is the first step in defining a new information system?
answer

Explain the goals and scope of the project.
question

Which of the following steps in the systems definition process aims to eliminate obviously nonsensible projects?
answer

Assess the project feasibility
question

________ feasibility concerns whether a new information system fits within a company’s customs, culture, charter, or legal requirements.
answer

Organizational
question

During requirements definition, a development team’s composition will be typically heavy with ________.
answer

systems analysts
question

Which of the following statements is true of the composition of a development team over the different phases of the systems development life cycle?
answer

During integrated testing and conversion, the team will be augmented with business users.
question

During design and implementation, a development team will be heavy with ________.
answer

Programmers
question

Which of the following is the most important phase in the systems development process?
answer

Determine the system’s requirements
question

If a new system involves a new database or substantial changes to an existing database, then the development team will have to create a(n) ________.
answer

data model
question

The easiest and cheapest time to alter an information system is in the ________ phase of the systems development life cycle.
answer

requirements analysis
question

Which of the following is a typical concern for developers while using prototypes?
answer

developing a uniform funding solution for the system
question

While designing ________, a development team must produce design documentation for writing program code.
answer

custom-developed programs
question

Procedures for a business information system are designed usually by ________.
answer

systems analysts
question

Normal processing procedures for operations personnel involve procedures for ________.
answer

starting, stopping, and operating the system
question

During the ________ phase of the systems development life cycle process, developers construct, install, and test the components of the information system.
answer

Implementation
question

A comprehensive test plan should ________.
answer

cause every line of program code to be executed
question

Which of the following personnel in a development team has the final say on whether a system is ready for use?
answer

Users
question

________ testing is the process of allowing future system users to try out a new system on their own.
answer

Beta
question

System ________ refers to the process of changing business activity from an old information system to a new system.
answer

Conversion
question

In a ________ installation, an organization implements an entire system on a limited portion of the business.
answer

Pilot
question

In a ________ installation, a new system runs alongside the old one until the new one has been tested and is fully operational.
answer

Parallel
question

Olive Inc., a chain of retail outlets, is converting its existing billing systems to a more robust online tool. In this process, the organization runs both the old and the new systems to compare their performances. In this case, the company is implementing the new system using ________ installation.
answer

Parallel
question

Which of the following is the most expensive style of system conversion?
answer

parallel installation
question

Which of the following styles of system conversion shuts off the old system and starts a new system?
answer

plunge installation
question

Software developers group the fixes for high-priority failures into a group that can be applied to all copies of a given product called a ________.
answer

Patch
question

Which of the following statements is true of system maintenance?
answer

All commercial software products are shipped with known failures.
question

Software vendors usually bundle fixes of low-priority problems into larger groups called ________.
answer

service packs
question

Which of the following is a major concern for developers in a systems development life cycle process?
answer

performing repetitive tasks of a completed phase
question

Projects are said to be in analysis paralysis if so much time is spent ________.
answer

documenting the requirements

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member