Ch. 3: Functions of Connective Tissue

Areolarpacking material
Areolarmost widely distributed connective tissue
Areolarthe least specialized CT, which contains all fibers and all cells

Mesenchymeforms almost all other types of connective tissue
Mucousfunctions in support in the fetus
Loose connective tissueareolar, adipose, and reticular
Dense connective tissueRegular, Irregular, and elastic CT
Adiposereduces heat loss through the skin
Adiposeserves as an energy reserve of fatty lipids
Adiposesupports and protects organs (type of loose)
AdiposeBrown v White tissue
Reticularforms the stroma, which is a supporting framework
Reticularbinds together smooth muscle tissue cells
Dense Regularprovides strong attachment between structures
Dense Regularmade of collagen fibers arranged regularly in bundles with fibroblasts
Reticularmade of reticular fibers and reticular cells
Dense Regularcan withstand one directional pulling
Dense Irregularirregularly arranged collagen fibers, tightly packed together
Dense Irregularprovides tensile strength in many directions
Elasticelastic fibers with fibroblasts (dense)
Elasticstretching of various organs, can recoil back to original shape
Bloodplasma, Red blood cells, white blood cells. (formed elements)

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class="def">RBC transport oxygen, WBC carry on phagocytosis, platelets clot blood
Hyaline Cartilagefine collage fibers (cartilage)
Hyaline Cartilageprovides smooth surface for movement at joints
Hyaline Cartilageprovides flexibility and support, but it is the weakest of its kind and can be fractured
Fibrocartilagechondrocytes, thick bundles of collage fibers, lacks perichondrium
Fibrocartilagesupport and join structures together; strength and rigidity, strongest of its kind
Elastic Cartilagechondrocytes located in elastic fibers, has a perichondrium
Elastic Cartilagestrength and elasticity, middle strength of its kind
Bonebasic unit of compact bone, osteons, spongy bone, and bone marrow
BoneSupport, protection, storage of calcium, structure
Bonehouses blood-forming tissue, enables movement through attachment of muscles
Skeletalstriated, multi-nucleated, voluntary
Skeletalmotion, posture, heat production
Cardiacbranched, mono-nucleus, striated, involuntary
Cardiacpumps blood to all parts of the body
Smoothnon-striated, spindle shaped cells, involuntary
Smoothmotion and functions of internal organs
Neuronsexhibits sensitivity to various types of stimuli
Neuronstransmits nerve impulses (action potentials)
Nervous Tissueneurons and neurolgia
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