Ch. 3 Adjusting the Accounts

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The revenue recognition principle states that:
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revenue should be recognized in the accounting period in which a performance obligation is satisfied.
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The time period assumption states that:
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the economic life of a business can be divided into artificial time periods.
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Which of the following statements about the accrual basis of accounting is false? (a) Events that change a company’s financial statements are recorded in the periods in which the events occur. (b) Revenue is recognized in the period in which services are performed. (c) This basis is in accord with generally accepted accounting principles. (d) Revenue is recorded only when cash is received, and expense is recorded only when cash is paid.
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(d) Revenue is recorded only when cash is received, and expense is recorded only when cash is paid.
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The principle or assumption dictating that efforts (expenses) be matched with accomplishments (revenues) is the:
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expense recognition principle.
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Adjusting entries are made to ensure that: (a) expenses are recognized in the period in which they are incurred. (b) revenues are recorded in the period in which services are performed. (c) balance sheet and income statement accounts have correct balances at the end of an accounting period. (d) All the responses above are correct.
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(d) All the responses above are correct.
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Each of the following is a major type (or category) of adjusting entries except: (a) prepaid expenses. (b) accrued revenues. (c) accrued expenses. (d) recognized revenues.
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(d) recognized revenues
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The trial balance shows Supplies $1,350 and Supplies Expense $0. If $600 of supplies are on hand at the end of the period, the adjusting entry is:
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Answer is C
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Adjustments for prepaid expenses:
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decrease assets and increase expenses.
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Accumulated Depreciation is:
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a contra asset account.
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Rivera Company computes depreciation on delivery equipment at $1,000 for the month of June. The adjusting entry to record this depreciation is as follows.
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Adjustments for unearned revenues:
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decrease liabilities and increase revenues.
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Adjustments for accrued revenues:
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have an assets and revenues account relationship.
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Anika Wilson earned a salary of $400 for the last week of September. She will be paid on October 1. The adjusting entry for Anika’s employer at September 30 is:
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Which of the following statements is incorrect concerning the adjusted trial balance? (a) An adjusted trial balance proves the equality of the total debit balances and the total credit balances in the ledger after all adjustments are made. (b) The adjusted trial balance provides the primary basis for the preparation of financial statements. (c) The adjusted trial balance lists the account balances segregated by assets and liabilities. (d) The adjusted trial balance is prepared after the adjusting entries have been journalized and posted.
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(c) The adjusted trial balance lists the account balances segregated by assets and liabilities.
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The trial balance shows Supplies $0 and Supplies Expense $1,500. If $800 of supplies are on hand at the end of the period, the adjusting entry is:
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Debit Supplies $800 and credit Supplies Expense $800.
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Neutrality is an ingredient of:
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Faithful Representation: Yes Relevance: No
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Which item is a constraint in financial accounting?
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Cost
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The principle that companies match efforts (expenses) with accomplishments (revenues).
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Expense recognition principle
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Entries made at the end of an accounting period to ensure that companies follow the revenue recognition and expense recognition principles.
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Adjusting entries
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An assumption that accountants can divide the economic life of a business into artificial time periods.
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Time period assumption
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Constraint that weighs the cost that companies will incur to provide the information against the benefit that financial statement users will gain from having the information available.
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Cost constraint
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An assumption that every economic entity can be separately identified and accounted for.
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Economic entity assumption
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An assumption that the life of a business can be divided into artificial time periods and that useful reports covering those periods can be prepared for the business.
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Time period assumption
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Assets and liabilities should be reported at fair value (the price received to sell an asset or settle a liability).
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Fair value principle
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Information that accurately depicts what really happened.
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Faithful representation
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Accounting basis in which companies record revenue when they receive cash and an expense when they pay cash.
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Cash-basis accounting
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Expenses incurred but not yet paid in cash or recorded.
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Accrued expenses
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An account offset against an asset account on the balance sheet.
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Contra asset account
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Expenses paid in cash before they are used or consumed.
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Prepaid expenses
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A liability recorded for cash received before services are performed.
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Unearned revenues
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Adjusting entries for either accrued revenues or accrued expenses
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Accruals
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Revenues for services performed but not yet received in cash or recorded.
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Accrued revenues
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A company-specific aspect of relevance. An item is material when its size makes it likely to influence the decision of an investor or creditor.
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Materiality
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Accounting principle that dictates that companies disclose circumstances and events that make a difference to financial statement users.
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Full disclosure principle
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Information presented in a clear and concise fashion so that users can interpret it and comprehend its meaning.
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Understandability
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The process of allocating the cost of an asset to expense over its useful life.
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Depreciation
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An accounting period that extends from January 1 to December 31.
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Calendar year
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An accounting principle that states that companies should record assets at their cost.
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Historical cost principle
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A list of accounts and their balances after the company has made all adjustments.
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Adjusted trial balance
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Companies recognize revenue in the accounting period in which the performance obligation is satisfied.
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Revenue recognition principle
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The difference between the cost of a depreciable asset and its related accumulated depreciation.
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Book value
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An accounting period that is one year in length.
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Fiscal year
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Use of the same accounting principles and methods from year to year within a company.
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Consistency
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Ability to compare the accounting information of different companies because they use the same accounting principles.
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Comparability
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The length of service of a long-lived asset.
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Useful life
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Adjusting entries for either prepaid expenses or unearned revenues.
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Deferrals
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The quality of information that indicates the information makes a difference in a decision.
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Relevance
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The quality of information that occurs when independent observers, using the same methods, obtain similar results.
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Verifiable
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Accounting basis in which companies record transactions that change a company’s financial statements in the periods in which the events occur.
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Accrual-basis accounting
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Monthly or quarterly accounting time periods
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Interim periods
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Information that is available to decision-makers before it loses its capacity to influence decisions.
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Timely
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Efforts (expenses) should be matched with results (revenues).
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Expense recognition principle
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The principle that companies recognize revenue in the accounting period in which the performance obligation is satisfied.
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Revenue recognition principle
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The assumption that the company will continue in operation for the foreseeable future.
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Going concern assumption
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An assumption that requires that only those things that can be expressed in money are included in the accounting records.
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Monetary unit assumption
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True or False: Accountants divide the economic life of a business into artificial time periods because of the time period assumption.
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True
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True or False: The revenue recognition principle dictates that companies recognize revenue in the accounting period before the service is performed.
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False
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True or False: A company must make adjusting entries every time it prepares financial statements.
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True
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True or False: Assets are overstated and expenses are understated prior to adjustment for prepaid expenses.
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True
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True or False: An adjusting entry for accrued expenses increases an expense and also increases a liability account.
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True
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True or False: Companies can prepare financial statements directly from an adjusted trial balance.
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True
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True or False: The use of alternative adjusting entries does not apply to accrued revenues and accrued expenses.
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True
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True or False: Going concern is the qualitative characteristic of accounting information that allows a statement reader to compare a company’s performance from one year to the next.
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This statement is false. The going concern assumption states that the business will remain in operations for the foreseeable future.
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True or False: Cash-basis accounting is not permissible under IFRS or GAAP.
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True
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True or False: Depreciation based on revaluation of items such as buildings is permitted under IFRS.
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True. IFRS allow depreciation based on revaluation of assets, which is not permitted under GAAP.

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